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Advanced Bulgarian Phrases: Become an Expert

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Many language learners reach a middle level in their studies and stop advancing further because they lack confidence in their ability to succeed. But BulgarianPod101 is here to encourage you to reach even higher—because you can

If you plan on working in Bulgaria, building a solid relationship with Bulgarian business partners, studying a major of choice in a Bulgarian university, or moving to Bulgaria for any other reason, we recommend you go through this comprehensive overview of advanced Bulgarian phrases. Memorizing and practicing these phrases will help you start speaking and writing like a native.

In this article, we will acquaint you with useful Bulgarian phrases for academic writing, composing your resume, applying for jobs, and having business meetings with your Bulgarian partners. At the end, you’ll also find some advanced idioms, sayings, and proverbs that Bulgarians use in their everyday speech. We hope that you enjoy this journey to the very top of Bulgarian language learning with us!

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Become a Bulgarian language expert with us!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Bulgarian Table of Contents
  1. Useful Phrases for Academic Writing
  2. Powerful Phrases for a Resume
  3. Smart Phrases for Business and Meetings
  4. Advanced Idioms, Sayings, and Proverbs for Everyday Usage
  5. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Learn Bulgarian
  6. Answers to Practical Exercises

1.  Useful Phrases for Academic Writing 

There are different types of academic writing that students might be asked to use during their studies in a Bulgarian university. That said, each type makes use of the most common advanced Bulgarian words and phrases in order to obtain an academic style. Let’s take a look at some of these advanced Bulgarian phrases for students, as they’ll be useful to know in a variety of academic contexts. To help you understand how to use them in a sentence, we have included examples.

1) When you need to make a conclusion based on a certain fact or piece of information, use the following academic phrases:

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
С оглед на S ogled naIn view of 
ExampleС оглед на казаното дотук можем да си извадим извода, че работодателят има право да наложи такива санкции.
S ogled na kazanoto dotuk mozhem da si izvadim izvoda, che rabotodatelyat ima pravo da nalozhi takiva sanktsii.
In view of what has been said so far, we can conclude that the employer has the right to impose such sanctions. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation

В светлината на
V svetlinata naIn light of
ExampleВ светлината на споделеното от него става ясно, че той не е предизвикал кризата.
V svetlinata na spodelenoto ot nego stava yasno, che toy ne e predizvikal krizata.
In light of what he shared, it is clear that he did not cause the crisis.  

2) When you need to quote or cite a certain person, use the following academic words and phrases:

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation

според
sporedaccording to
ExampleСпоред Айнщайн вселената се състои от 3 пространствени измерения и 1 времево измерение.
Spored Aynshtayn vselenata se sastoi ot tri prostranstveni izmereniya i edno vremevo izmerenie.
According to Einstein, the universe consists of three spatial dimensions and one temporal dimension. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
заявява, чеzayavyava, chestates that 
ExampleАйнщайн заявява, че е агностик в писмо от 1950 г.
Aynshtayn zayavyava, che e agnostik v pismo ot 1950 godina.
Einstein states that he is agnostic in a letter from 1950. 

3) When you need to include another important fact in your writing, use the following words and phrases:

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation

в допълнение
v dopalneniein addition
ExampleВ допълнение, струва си да приведем резултата от друго научно изследване.
V dopalnenie, struva si da privedem rezultata ot drugo nauchno izsledvane.
In addition, it is worth adding the result of another scientific study. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
нещо повечеneshto povechefurthermore
ExampleНещо повече, това ни навежда на мисълта, че в тази теория се крие и нещо друго.
Neshto poveche, tova ni navezhda na misalta, che v tazi teoriya se krie i neshto drugo.
Furthermore, this leads us to think that there is something else in this theory. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
трябва да се отбележиtryabva da se otbelezhiit should be noted
ExampleТрябва да се отбележи, че всички тези доказателства не са достатъчни, за да си направим цялостен извод.
Tryabva da se otbelezhi, che vsichki tezi dokazatelstva ne sa dostatachni, za da si napravim tsyalosten izvod.
It should be noted that all this evidence is not sufficient to draw a comprehensive conclusion. 

4) When you would like to illustrate different aspects of a given fact, you can use the following academic phrases:

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation

от една страна … от друга страна … 
ot edna strana … ot druga strana … on the one hand … on the other hand … 
ExampleОт една страна правителството реши да подкрепи производителите, но от друга страна повиши данъците.
Ot edna strana pravitelstvoto reshi da podkrepi proizvoditelite, no ot druga strana povishi danatsite.
On the one hand, the government decided to support producers, but on the other hand, it raised taxes. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
друг ключов моментdrug klyuchov momentanother key point
ExampleДруг ключов момент, който не можем да пропуснем, е влиянието на възпитанието му.
Drug klyuchov moment, koyto ne mozhem da propusnem, e vliyanieto na vazpitanieto mu.
Another key point that we cannot miss out on is the influence of his upbringing. 

5) Some other important academic phrases include:

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
с други думиs drugi dumiin other words
ExampleС други думи, въпросът се свежда до стойността на живота.
S drugi dumi, vaprosat se svezhda do stoynostta na zhivota.
In other words, the question comes down to the value of life. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
казано с прости думи
kazano s prosti dumiin simple words 
ExampleКазано с прости думи, това е е абсолютно ненужно за хората.
Kazano s prosti dumi, tova e e absolyutno nenuzhno za horata.
In simple words, this is absolutely unnecessary for people. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
по подобен начинpo podoben nachinin a similar way
ExampleПо подобен начин можем да разсъждаваме и за предимствата от класическата музика.
Po podoben nachin mozhem da razsazhdavame i za predimstvata ot klasicheskata muzika.
In a similar way, we can think about the advantages of classical music. 

6) You can use these academic phrases to conclude your writing:

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
в заключениеv zaklyucheniein conclusion
ExampleВ заключение можем да кажем, че смисълът на живота е в даването.
V zaklyuchenie mozhem da kazhem, che smisalat na zhivota e v davaneto.
In conclusion, we can say that the meaning of life is in giving. 

Bulgarian Academic Word/PhrasePronunciation English Translation
в резюме/заключениеv rezyume/zaklyucheniein summary
ExampleВ резюме можем да направим извода, че животът и делото на поета са съдействали за възраждането на нацията.
V rezyume mozhem da napravim izvoda, che zhivotat i deloto na poeta sa sadeiystvali za vazrazhdaneto na natsiyata.
In summary, we can conclude that the poet’s life and work contributed to the revival of the nation. 

Academic Writing

Let’s Practice: Academic Writing 

The more you practice new words and phrases, the easier it will become for you to use them appropriately. Eventually, you’ll reach the level where they naturally appear in your mind as soon as you need them. To expedite this process, we have prepared some practical exercises throughout the article that will help you learn these advanced Bulgarian phrases more easily.

In this exercise, you need to choose the correct option from the brackets (only one correct option per bracket). You can check your answers at the end of this article. Note that the given sentences are arranged in a logical sequence.

  1. [Друг ключов момент; Според; Нещо повече] някои специалисти, ученето на чужд език в онлайн среда има свои предимства.
    [Drug klyuchov moment; Spored; Neshto poveche] nyakoi spetsialisti, ucheneto na chuzhd ezik v onlayn sreda ima svoi predimstva.
    [Another key point; According to; Something more] some professionals, learning a foreign language in an online environment has its advantages.
  1. [Заявява, че; Според; От една страна] онлайн обучението дава възможност на учителите да споделят много иновативни образователни ресурси, а от друга страна могат да изработят индивидуален подход към всеки ученик.
    [Zayavyava, che; Spored; Ot edna strana] onlayn obuchenieto dava vazmozhnost na uchitelite da spodelyat mnogo inovativni obrazovatelni resursi, a ot druga strana mogat da izrabotyat individualen podhod kam vseki uchenik.
    [States that; According to; On the one hand] online learning enables teachers to share many innovative educational resources, and on the other hand, they can develop an individual approach for each student.
  1. [С други думи; Друг ключов момент; Трябва да се отбележи] ученето в електронна среда е не само полезно, но и забавно.
    [S drugi dumi; Drug klyuchov moment; Tryabva da se otbelezhi] ucheneto v elektronna sreda e ne samo polezno, no i zabavno.
    [In other words; Another key point; It should be noted] learning in an electronic environment is not only useful but also fun.
  1. [В светлината на; По подобен начин; В заключение] стои и въпросът с изучаването на чужд език.
    [V svetlinata na; Po podoben nachin; V zaklyuchenie] stoi i vaprosat s izuchavaneto na chuzhd ezik.
    [In light of; In a similar way; In conclusion] is the question of learning a foreign language.
  1. [В заключение; В светлината на; Според] можем да кажем, че ученето на чужд език онлайн не е губене на време, a съдейства за достигането на реални резултати.
    [V zaklyuchenie; V svetlinata na; Spored] mozhem da kazhem, che ucheneto na chuzhd ezik onlayn ne e gubene na vreme, no sadeiystva za dostiganeto na realni rezultati.
    [In conclusion; In light of; According to] we can say that learning a foreign language online is not a waste of time but contributes to achieving real results.

2.  Powerful Phrases for a Resume 

It’s time to learn advanced Bulgarian phrases that will help you write a powerful resume. Using these phrases in your resume will make it stand out, help you efficiently describe your relevant knowledge and abilities, and leave a strong impression on the employer. 

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation English Translation
Мога да анализирам и решавам проблеми.Moga da analiziram i reshavam problemi.I can analyze and solve problems.

Мога да изграждам успешни административни стратегии.Moga da izgrazhdam uspeshni administrativni strategii.I can build successful administrative strategies.

Информиран съм за новите технологии в офис автоматизацията.Informiran sam za novite tehnologii v ofis avtomatizatsiyata.I am informed about the new technologies in office automation.

Фокусирам се върху резултатите.Fokusiram se varhu rezultatite.I focus on the results. 

Постигам трайни резултати.
Postigam trayni rezultati.I achieve lasting results. 

Ефективен съм в комуникациите и взаимодействието с другите.Efektiven sam v komunikatsiite i vzaimodeystvieto s drugite.I am effective in communicating and interacting with others. 

Имам богат опит в областта.Imam bogat opit v oblastta.I have extensive experience in the field. 

Посещавал съм семинари за подобряване на ефективността в работата.Poseshtaval sam seminari za podobryavane na efektivnostta v rabotata.I have attended seminars to improve work efficiency.

Вземам решения с увереност.Vzemam resheniya s uverenost.I make decisions with confidence.

Изпълнявам всички поети ангажименти.Izpalnyavam vsichki poeti angazhimenti.I fulfill all my commitments. 

Имам желание и способност за лично израстване.Imam zhelanie i sposobnost za lichno izrastvane.I have the desire and ability for personal growth.

Не се страхувам да прилагам нововъведения.Ne se strahuvam da prilagam novovavedeniya.I am not afraid of innovations. 

Гледам на трудностите като на възможности.Gledam na trudnostite kato na vazmozhnosti.I see difficulties as opportunities.

Writing a Powerful Resume

 Let’s Practice: Resume 

Now it’s time to practice what we covered in this section. This time, your task is to replace the English phrases with their corresponding advanced Bulgarian phrases.

Кандидатствам за позицията мениджър във вашата компания, защото I have extensive experience in the field, работейки на същата позиция за две други фирми преди това, I can build successful administrative strategies и I see difficulties as opportunities. I have attended seminars to improve work efficiency и I have the desire and ability for personal growth. Нещо повече, I am not afraid of innovations и I make decisions with confidence.

Kandidatstvam za pozitsiyata menidzhar vav vashata kompaniya, zashtoto I have extensive experience in the field, raboteyki na sashtata pozitsiya za dve drugi firmi predi tova, I can build successful administrative strategies i I see difficulties as opportunities. I have attended seminars to improve work efficiency i I have the desire and ability for personal growth. Neshto poveche, I am not afraid of innovations i I make decisions with confidence.

I am applying for the position of manager in your company because I have extensive experience in the field (having worked in the same position for two other companies before), I can build successful administrative strategies, and I see difficulties as opportunities. I have attended seminars to improve work efficiency, and I have the desire and ability for personal growth. Moreover, I am not afraid of innovations, and I make decisions with confidence. 

3.  Smart Phrases for Business and Meetings 

If you intend to conduct business of any kind with Bulgarians, it will be useful to know some common advanced Bulgarian phrases that you can use during business meetings, online conferences, negotiations, etc. Here’s a practical list to get you started. 

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation English Translation
Бихте ли повторили, моля?Bihte li povtorili, molya?Could you repeat that, please?

Боя се, че не ви разбрах.Boya se, che ne vi razbrah.I’m afraid I didn’t understand you.

Налага се да изляза за десет минути. Всички съгласни ли са?Nalaga se da izlyaza za deset minuti. Vsichki saglasni li sa?I need to leave for ten minutes. Is it okay with everyone?

Добре дошли на всички. Казвам се ___ и съм ръководител на проекта.Dobre doshli na vsichki. Kazvam se ___ i sam rakovoditel na proekta.Welcome, everybody. My name is ___, and I am the project manager.

Ще съм кратък, тъй като знам, че всички сте заети хора.Shte sam kratak, tay kato znam, che vsichki ste zaeti hora.I’m going to keep this brief, as I know you are all busy people.

Първо ще говоря за…Parvo shte govorya za…First, I will talk about…

След това ще преминем на…Sled tova shte preminem na…Then, we’ll go over…

В заключение ще разгледаме…V zaklyuchenie shte razgledame…To conclude, we’ll touch on…

Извинете, прекъснах ви. Вие казвахте…Izvinete, prekasnakh vi. Vie kazvahte…Sorry, I interrupted you. You were saying…

Бих искал да си уговорим среща възможно най-скоро. Кога сте свободен/на?Bih iskal da si ugovorim sreshta vazmozhno nay-skoro. Koga ste svoboden/na?I would like to set a meeting with you as early as possible. When are you available?

 Let’s Practice: Business Meetings 

Below is a sample business dialogue. Your task is to choose the correct option for the answer.

г-н Смит: Добър ден, г-н Петров. Аз съм г-н Смит и бих искал да Ви представя основния продукт на нашата фирма. Мисля, че той ще е изключително полезен за общността в България, а Вашата компания би могла да бъде отличен дистрибутор за страната Ви.

g-n Smit: Dobar den, g-n Petrov. Az sam g-n Smit i bih iskal da Vi predstavya osnovniya produkt na nashata firma. Mislya, che toy shte e izklyuchitelno polezen za obshtnostta v Balgariya, a Vashata kompaniya bi mogla da bade otlichen distributor za stranata Vi.

Mr. Smith: Good afternoon, Mr. Petrov. I am Mr. Smith, and I would like to present to you the main product of our company. I think it will be extremely useful for the community in Bulgaria, and your company could be an excellent distributor for your country. 

г-н Петров: Здравейте г-н Смит. Много ми е приятно и се интересувам от предложението Ви, но в момента имам неотложни дела. 

g-n Petrov: Zdraveyte g-n Smit. Mnogo mi e priyatno i se interesuvam ot predlozhenieto Vi, no v momenta imam neotlozhni dela.

Mr. Petrov: Hello, Mr. Smith. I am very pleased and interested in your proposal, but I have an urgent job at the moment. 

Choose the next words of Mr. Smith from the options below:

Извинете, прекъснах ви. Вие казвахте…
(Izvinete, prekasnah vi. Vie kazvahte…)

Ще съм кратък, тъй като знам, че сте зает.
(Shte sam kratak, tay kato znam, che ste zaet.)

Бих искал да си уговорим среща възможно най-скоро. Кога сте свободен?
(Bih iskal da si ugovorim sreshta vazmozhno nay-skoro. Koga ste svoboden?)

4.  Advanced Idioms, Sayings, and Proverbs for Everyday Usage 

It will be useful for you to know some advanced sayings, idioms, and proverbs that local people use in their everyday conversations. Once a foreigner understands them well, it indicates that they have mastered the highest level of language proficiency.

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
пълна къщаpalna kashtaa full house
MeaningThe whole household gathered together
ExampleДнес имам пълна къща. Дошли са ми на гости всички деца и внуци.
Dnes imam palna kashta. Doshli sa mi na gosti vsichki detsa i vnutsi.
Today, I have a full house. All my children and grandchildren came to visit me. 

A Full House

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
час пикchas pikrush hour
MeaningThe busiest time of the workday
ExampleОбикновено в час пик е трудно да се придвижиш бързо с автомобил в града.
Obiknoveno v chas pik e trudno da se pridvizhish barzo s avtomobil v grada.
Usually, during rush hour, it is difficult to get around quickly by car in the city. 

    ➜ In this lesson from BulgarianPod101, you can learn more about the most widely used modes of transportation in Bulgaria.

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
час по часchas po chashour by hour
MeaningVery often
ExampleНе съм добре с бъбреците и се налага час по час да ходя до тоалетна.
Ne sam dobre s babretsite i se nalaga chas po chas da hodya do toaletna.
My kidneys are not well, and I have to go to the toilet very often

    ➜ There is a specific holiday on the Bulgarian folklore calendar related to diseases. You can learn more about it in this lesson.

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
час по-скороchas po-skoroan hour sooner
MeaningAs soon as possible; right away
ExampleНалага се да отида на лекар час по-скоро.
Nalaga se da otida na lekar chas po-skoro.
I have to go to the doctor as soon as possible


Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
на бърза ръкаna barza rakawith a quick hand
MeaningHastily; in a hurry 
ExampleНа бърза ръка направих една баница за гостите.
Na barza raka napravih edna banitsa za gostite.
I hastily made banitsa for the guests. 


Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
ябълка на раздораyabalka na razdoraapple of discord
MeaningSomething that causes controversy or misunderstandings
ExampleТози въпрос се превърна в ябълка на раздора сред присъстващите на конференцията.
Tozi vapros se prevarna v yabalka na razdora sred prisastvashtite na konferentsiyata.
This issue became an apple of discord among those present at the conference.

An Apple of Discord
Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
има си хасima si has
MeaningUnbelievable; impossible
ExampleИма си хас той да получи добра оценка по български език, като го знам колко учи.
Ima si has toy da poluchi dobra otsenka po balgarski ezik, kato go znam kolko uchi.
It is impossible for him to get a good grade in Bulgarian, knowing how little he studies. 

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
барабар Петко с мъжетеbarabar Petko s mazhetePetko together with the men
MeaningWhen someone goes to do something along with others
ExampleБарабар Петко с мъжете! Тръгнал и моят син да цепи дърва.
Barabar Petko s mazhete! Tragnal i moyat sin da tsepi darva.
Petko is alongside the men! My son also went chopping wood. 

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
парите говорятparite govoryatmoney talks
MeaningMoney rules a situation
ExampleТам нямаш шанс да те послушат—там парите говорят.
Tam nyamash shans da te poslushat—tam parite govoryat.
You have no chance to be heard—money rules there. 

Advanced Bulgarian PhrasePronunciation Literal English Translation
всичко си има ценаvsichko si ima tsenaeverything has a price 
MeaningIt all came at a price
ExampleТой се преуморяваше постоянно, но всичко си има цена—накрая се разболя тежко.
Toy se preumoryavashe postoyanno, no vsichko si ima tsena—nakraya se razbolya tezhko.
He was constantly overworked, but it all came at a price—in the end, he became seriously ill. 

 Let’s Practice: Advanced Idioms, Sayings, and Proverbs 

Now that you’ve seen a few advanced Bulgarian slang phrases, it’s time to test how much you remember. Choose the correct idiom for each sentence. You can check your answers at the very end of this article. 

  1. Остават ми само 10 минути до урока, затова се налага [час по час; на бърза ръка; има си хас] да направя домашното.
    Ostavat mi samo 10 minuti do uroka, zatova se nalaga [chas po chas; na barza raka; ima si has] da napravya domashnoto.
    I only have 10 minutes left until the lesson, so I have to do my homework (…).
  1. Сигурно искаш да надминеш всичките си конкуренти в бизнеса, но [всичко си има цена; барабар Петко с мъжете; парите говорят]—семейството ще остане на заден план.
    Sigurno iskash da nadminesh vsichkite si konkurenti v biznesa, no [vsichko si ima tsena; barabar Petko s mazhete; parite govoryat]—semeystvoto shte ostane na zaden plan.
    You probably want to surpass all your business competitors, but (…)—the family will remain in second place.
  1. Жена ми се обади по телефона и се налага да си тръгна [час пик; час по час; час по-скоро].
    Zhena mi se obadi po telefona i se nalaga da si tragna [chas pik; chas po chas; chas po-skoro].
    My wife called me on the phone, and I had to leave (…).
  1. Той ми е голям приятел и [час пик; час по час; час по-скоро] идва у дома.
    Toy mi e golyam priyatel i [chas pik; chas po chas; chas po-skoro] idva u doma.
    He is a great friend of mine and (…) comes to my house.
  1. С него вече не сме приятели, след като едно момиче се превърна в [час пик; ябълката на раздора; парите говорят].
    S nego veche ne sme priyateli, sled kato edno momiche se prevarna v [chas pik; yabalkata na razdora; parite govoryat].
    We are no longer friends with him after a girl became (…).

5.  How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Learn Bulgarian 

BulgarianPod101 has prepared this extensive overview of advanced Bulgarian phrases to help you move from the intermediate to the advanced level in Bulgarian. As an advanced learner, you’ll be able to write academic texts, craft powerful resumes, and speak freely in Bulgarian with colleagues, friends, and acquaintances. 

If you still don’t feel confident in your knowledge, you can turn to our MyTeacher service for Premium PLUS members and choose an experienced native Bulgarian teacher. They will provide you with needed help by clarifying any points of difficulty that you come across while studying advanced-level Bulgarian. 

We would be happy to hear your feedback about this article. Did you find it difficult or easy to understand? Do you plan to add some of these advanced Bulgarian words and phrases to your academic texts or your resume? And which of the advanced Bulgarian idioms do you plan to use most often in your daily conversations with Bulgarians? Please don’t hesitate to share your thoughts with us in the comments below. 

And now it’s time to check your answers to the practical exercises given above.

6.  Answers to Practical Exercises 

 Answers to the practical exercise for Academic Writing 

  1. [друг ключов момент; според; нещо повече] някои специалисти, ученето на чужд език в онлайн среда има свои предимства.
    Spored nyakoi spetsialisti, ucheneto na chuzhd ezik v onlayn sreda ima svoi predimstva.
    According to some professionals, learning a foreign language in an online environment has its advantages.
  1. [заявява, че; според; от една страна] онлайн обучението дава възможност на учителите да споделят много иновативни образователни ресурси, а от друга страна могат да изработят индивидуален подход към всеки ученик.
    Ot edna strana onlayn obuchenieto dava vazmozhnost na uchitelite da spodelyat mnogo inovativni obrazovatelni resursi, a ot druga strana mogat da izrabotyat individualen podhod kam vseki uchenik.
    On the one hand, online learning enables teachers to share many innovative educational resources, and on the other hand, they can develop an individual approach for each student.
  1. [с други думи; друг ключов момент; трябва да се отбележи] ученето в електронна среда е не само полезно, но и забавно.
    S drugi dum ucheneto v elektronna sreda e ne samo polezno, no i zabavno.
    In other words, learning in an electronic environment is not only useful but also fun.
  1. [в светлината на; по подобен начин; в заключение] стои и въпросът с изучаването на чужд език.
    Po podoben nachin stoi i vaprosat s izuchavaneto na chuzhd ezik.
    In a similar way is the question of learning a foreign language.
  1. [в заключение; в светлината на; според] можем да кажем, че ученето на чужд език онлайн не е губене на време, но съдейства за достигането на реални резултати.
    V zaklyuchenie mozhem da kazhem, che ucheneto na chuzhd ezik onlayn ne e gubene na vreme, no sadeiystva za dostiganeto na realni rezultati.
    In conclusion, we can say that learning a foreign language online is not a waste of time but contributes to achieving real results.

 Answers to the practical exercise for Resume 

Кандидатствам за позицията мениджър във вашата компания, защото имам богат опит в областта, работейки на същата позиция за две други фирми преди това, мога да изграждам успешни административни стратегии и гледам на трудностите като на възможности. Посещавал съм семинари за подобряване на ефективността в работата и имам желание и способност за лично израстване. Нещо повече, не се страхувам да прилагам нововъведения и вземам решения с увереност.

Kandidatstvam za pozitsiyata menidzhar vav vashata kompaniya, zashtoto imam bogat opit v oblastta, raboteyki na sashtata pozitsiya za dve drugi firmi predi tova, moga da izgrazhdam uspeshni administrativni strategii i gledam na trudnostite kato na vazmozhnosti. Poseshtaval sam seminari za podobryavane na efektivnostta v rabotata i imam zhelanie i sposobnost za lichno izrastvane. Neshto poveche, ne se strahuvam da prilagam novovavedeniya i vzemam resheniya s uverenost.

I am applying for the position of manager in your company because I have extensive experience in the field (having worked in the same position for two other companies before), I can build successful administrative strategies, and I see difficulties as opportunities. I have attended seminars to improve work efficiency, and I have the desire and ability for personal growth. Moreover, I am not afraid of innovations, and I make decisions with confidence. 

 Answers to the practical exercise for Business Meetings 

г-н Смит: Добър ден, г-н Петров. Аз съм г-н Смит и бих искал да Ви представя основния продукт на нашата фирма. Мисля, че той ще е изключително полезен за общността в България, а Вашата компания би могла да бъде отличен дистрибутор за страната Ви.

g-n Smit: Dobar den, g-n Petrov. Az sam g-n Smit i bih iskal da Vi predstavya osnovniya produkt na nashata firma. Mislya, che toy shte e izklyuchitelno polezen za obshtnostta v Balgariya, a Vashata kompaniya bi mogla da bade otlichen distributor za stranata Vi.

Mr. Smith: Good afternoon, Mr. Petrov. I am Mr. Smith, and I would like to introduce the main product of our company to you. I think it will be extremely useful for the community in Bulgaria, and your company could be an excellent distributor for your country. 

г-н Петров: Здравейте г-н Смит. Много ми е приятно и се интересувам от предложението Ви, но в момента имам неотложни дела. 

g-n Petrov: Zdraveyte g-n Smit. Mnogo mi e priyatno i se interesuvam ot predlozhenieto Vi, no v momenta imam neotlozhni dela.

Mr. Petrov: Hello, Mr. Smith. I am very pleased and interested in your proposal, but I have an urgent job at the moment. 

Choose the next words of Mr. Smith from the options below:

Бих искал да си уговорим среща възможно най-скоро. Кога сте свободен?
Bih iskal da si ugovorim sreshta vazmozhno nay-skoro. Koga ste svoboden?
I would like to set a meeting with you as soon as possible. When are you free?

 Answers to the practical exercise for Advanced Idioms, Sayings, and Proverbs 

  1. Остават ми само 10 минути до урока, затова се налага [час по час; на бърза ръка;  има си хас] да направя домашното.
    Ostavat mi samo 10 minuti do uroka, zatova se nalaga na barza raka da napravya domashnoto.
    I only have 10 minutes left until the lesson, so I have to do my homework in a hurry.
  1. Сигурно искаш да надминеш всичките си конкуренти в бизнеса, но [всичко си има цена; барабар Петко с мъжете; парите говорят]—семейството ще остане на заден план.
    Sigurno iskash da nadminesh vsichkite si konkurenti v biznesa, no vsichko si ima tsena—semeystvoto shte ostane na zaden plan.
    You probably want to surpass all your business competitors, but it will all come at a price—the family will remain in second place.
  1. Жена ми се обади по телефона и се налага да си тръгна [час пик; час по час; час по-скоро].
    Zhena mi se obadi po telefona i se nalaga da si tragna chas po-skoro.
    My wife called me on the phone, and I had to leave right away.
  1. Той ми е голям приятел и [час пик; час по час; час по-скоро] идва у дома.
    Toy mi e golyam priyatel i chas po chas idva u doma.
    He is a great friend of mine and comes very often to my house.
  1. С него вече не сме приятели, след като едно момиче се превърна в [час пик; ябълката на раздора; парите говорят].
    S nego veche ne sme priyateli, sled kato edno momiche se prevarna v yabalkata na razdora.
    We are no longer friends with him after a girl became an apple of discord.

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Advanced Bulgarian Words: Speak Like a Native

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If you’ve gotten used to the intermediate-level Bulgarian vocabulary and feel like it’s time to move ahead, then you’re in the right place. This advanced Bulgarian wordlist from BulgarianPod101 will take you to the next level and help you use Bulgarian fluently in a wide range of contexts.

In this extensive overview, you will get acquainted with a variety of advanced Bulgarian words, their meaning in English, and how to use them in sentences via the examples we’ve provided. For your convenience, we have divided these words into categories.

Of course, it may take a while for you to get used to these advanced Bulgarian words, as they have the highest level of difficulty. However, you can take advantage of these top 15 tips to remember Bulgarian words. We’ve also included some practical exercises that will help you memorize this new set of vocabulary, so don’t give up even if it seems too hard.

Now is the right time to overcome the last big challenge and become a highly proficient Bulgarian speaker!

A Man in a Suit Jumping from One Ledge to Another

hypoglycemia

Overcome the last big challenge with this guide.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Bulgarian Table of Contents
  1. Advanced Academic Words
  2. Advanced Business Words
  3. Advanced Medical Words
  4. Advanced Legal Words
  5. Alternative Words for Acing Bulgarian Writing/Essays
  6. How can BulgarianPod101 help you learn Bulgarian?
  7. Answers to Practical Exercises

Advanced Academic Words

Let’s take a look at the following list of 27 advanced Bulgarian words related to academia, along with their pronunciation and their meaning in English. To help you understand how these words can be used in speech and writing, we have also included an example sentence for each word.

#1 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
оценкаotsenkaassessment
Example:Нека направим оценка на работата.Neka napravim otsenka na rabotata.
Meaning:Let’s make an assessment of the work. 

#2 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
противоречиеprotivorechiecontradiction 
Example:В това намирам пълно противоречие с истината.V tova namiram pаlno protivorechie s istinata.
Meaning:In this, I find a complete contradiction with the truth.

#3 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
съкращениеsakrashtenieabbreviation
Example:Какво означава това съкращение?Kakvo oznachava tova sakrashtenie?
Meaning:What does this abbreviation mean? 

#4 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
клишеklishecliché
Example:Този израз е клише, затова го замени с по-подходящ.Tozi izraz e klishe, zatova go zameni s po-podhodyasht.
Meaning:This expression is a cliché, so replace it with a more suitable one. 

#5 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
параграфparagrafparagraph
Example:Основанието за това е посочено в параграф 1.Osnovanieto za tova e posocheno v paragraf 1.
Meaning:The reason for this is set out in paragraph 1. 

#6 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
логикаlogikalogic
Example:Твоята логика основава ли се на факти?Tvoyata logika osnovava li se na fakti?
Meaning:Is your logic based on facts? 

#7 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
редакцияredaktsiyaedition / revision 
Example:След направената редакция статията изглежда по-добре.Sled napravenata redaktsiya statiyata izglezhda po-dobre.
Meaning:After the edition, the article looks better. 

#8 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
проучванеprouchvanestudy / research
Example:След детайлно проучване на проблема комисията реши да вземе окончателно решение.Sled detaylno prouchvane na problema komisiyata reshi da vzeme okonchatelno reshenie.
Meaning:After a detailed study of the problem, the commission decided to make a final decision. 

#9 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
общностobshtnostcommunity
Example:Общност е група от хора, които имат емоционална връзка помежду си.Obshtnost e grupa ot hora, koito imat emotsionalna vrazka pomezhdu si.
Meaning:A community is a group of people who have an emotional connection with one another. 

#10 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хуманизъмhumanizamhumanism 
Example:Ренесансовият хуманизъм е насочен към образованието на младите.Renesansoviyat humanizam e nasochen kam obrazovanieto na mladite.
Meaning:Renaissance humanism focused on the education of the young. 

#11 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
критикаkritikacriticism 
Example:Младежът беше подложен на строга критика.Mladezhat beshe podlozhen na stroga kritika.
Meaning:The young man was subjected to severe criticism. 

#12 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
наукаnaukascience 
Example:Изучаването на различните видове науки разширяват кръгозора.Izuchavaneto na razlichnite vidove nauki razshiryavat kragozora.
Meaning:The study of different types of science broadens one’s horizons. 

#13 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
социализацияsotsializatsiyasocialization 
Example:Училищната среда съдейства за социализацията на децата.Uchilishtnata sreda sadeystva za sotsializatsiyata na detsata.
Meaning:The school environment promotes socialization of children. 

#14 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
ресурсresursresource 
Example:Компанията избира да инвестира в човешки ресурси.Kompaniyata izbira da investira v choveshki resursi.
Meaning:The company chooses to invest in human resources. 

#15 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
препраткаprepratkareference 
Example:Статията използва препратка към закона за образованието.Statiyata izpolzva prepratka kam zakona za obrazovanieto.
Meaning:The article contains a reference to the education law. 

#16 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
публикацияpublikatsiyapublication 
Example:В най-новата публикация във вестника пише по този въпрос.V nay-novata publikatsiya vav vestnika pishe po tozi vapros.
Meaning:The latest publication in the newspaper writes about this issue. 

#17 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
форумforumforum
Example:В земеделския форум се обсъжда темата за доставките на жито.V zemedelskiya forum se obsazhda temata za dostavkite na zhito.
Meaning:The topic of wheat delivery is being discussed in the agricultural forum. 

#18 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
проектproektproject
Example:От днес започвам да работя по нов проект.Ot dnes zapochvam da rabotya po nov proekt.
Meaning:As of today, I’m starting to work on a new project. 

#19 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
семинарseminarseminar 
Example:На семинара присъстваха много хора на науката.Na seminara prisastvaha mnogo hora na naukata.
Meaning:The seminar was attended by many people of science. 

#20 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
конференцияkonferentsiya conference 
Example:Тази година конференцията ще се проведе в София.Tazi godina konferentsiyata shte se provede v Sofiya.
Meaning:The conference will be held in Sofia this year. 

#21 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
докладdokladreport 
Example:В доклада бяха споменати и причините за възникналата ситуация.V doklada byaha spomenati i prichinite za vazniknalata situatsiya.
Meaning:The report also mentioned the reasons for the situation. 

#22 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
колекцияkolektsiya collection 
Example:Иван реши да си направи колекция от пощенски марки.Ivan reshi da si napravi kolektsiya ot poshtenski marki.
Meaning:Ivan decided to make a collection of postage stamps.

An Assortment of Postage Stamps

Ivan decided to make a collection of postage stamps.

#23 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
програмаprogramaprogram 
Example:В програмата тази година са заложени основните приоритети на компанията.V programata tazi godina sa zalozheni osnovnite prioriteti na kompaniyata.
Meaning:The main priorities of the company are included in the program this year.

#24 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
манифестmanifestmanifesto
Example:Властта се обърна към населението с манифест.Vlastta se obarna kam naselenieto s manifest.
Meaning:The government addressed the population with a manifesto. 

#25 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
архивarhivarchive 
Example:Ще проверя в архива дали в библиотеката е налична тази книга.Shte proverya v arhiva dali v bibliotekata e nalichna tazi kniga.
Meaning:I will check in the archive whether this book is available in the library. 

#26 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
специализантspetsializant postgraduate student
Example:Тази година той е специализант по медицина.Tazi godina toy e spetsializant po meditsina.
Meaning:This year, he is a postgraduate student in medicine. 

A Young Doctor and a Nurse Looking at a Clipboard Together

This year, he is a postgraduate student in medicine.

#27 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
докторантdoktorantdoctorate
Example:За да повиши квалификацията си, Елена започна да учи за докторант.Za da povishi kvalifikatsiyata si, Elena zapochna da uchi za doktorant.
Meaning:In order to improve her qualification, Elena started to study for a doctorate. 

Practical Exercise for Advanced Academic Words

BulgarianPod101 understands that these academic words can be quite challenging. This is why we’ve prepared some practical exercises to help you understand and memorize these words better.

Please, fill in the blanks below with the correct words. The English text will help you find the correct place for each word. To make it a bit harder, try not to look at the meaning of the bolded Bulgarian words. Note that the word “проучване” is used twice. 

Words: (редакция, доклад, ресурс, проучване, критика, програма, оценка, проект)

В края на годината служителят на компанията състави ___________, където включи своята ___________ за постигнатото през годината. Той беше направил подробно ___________ на човешкия ___________ и доколко предвидената за тази година ___________ беше изпълнена. Директорът не беше доволен от постигнатото и започна безмилостна ___________, насочена към персонала. За следващата година той заповяда да се направи ново ___________ на клиентите, конкурентите и стратегиите и да се направи цялостна ___________ на политиката. Предстоeше и осъществяването на нов ___________.

V kraya na godinata sluzhitelyat na kompaniyata sаstavi ___________, kаdeto vklyuchi svoyata ___________ za postignatoto prez godinata. Toy beshe napravil podrobno ___________ na choveshkiya ___________ i dokolko predvidenata za tazi godina ___________ beshe izpalnena. Direktorat ne beshe dovolen ot postignatoto i zapochna bezmilostna ___________, nasochena kam personala. Za sledvashtata godina toy zapovyada da se napravi novo ___________ na klientite, konkurentite i strategiite i da se napravi tsyalostna ___________ na politikata. Predstoeshe i osashtestvyavaneto na nov ___________.

At the end of the year, the company’s employee compiled a report, which included his assessment of the achievements during the year. He had carried out a detailed study of human resources and the extent to which the program planned for this year had been implemented. The director was dissatisfied with what had been achieved and began relentless criticism of the staff. For the next year, he ordered new research of customers, competitors, and strategies to be performed, along with a comprehensive revision of the policy. A new project was forthcoming. 

*You can check your answers at the end of this review.

Advanced Business Words

Here’s a list of 25 useful Bulgarian business words to know at the advanced level. These words will give you a leg up in the business world, but if you want even more practical vocabulary, make sure to check out our article on Bulgarian business phrases.

#1 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
устойчивостustoychivost sustainability 
Example:Тази година компанията може да се похвали с по-голяма устойчивост в икономическата криза.Tazi godina kompaniyata mozhe da se pohvali s po-golyama ustoychivost v ikonomicheskata kriza.
Meaning:This year, the company boasts greater sustainability in the economic crisis. 

#2 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
прозраченprozrachentransparent
Example:Условията по договора са прозрачни и не съдържат скрити такси.Usloviyata po dogovora sa prozrachni i ne sadarzhat skriti taksi.
Meaning:The terms and conditions of the contract are transparent and do not contain hidden fees.

#3 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
стабилностstabilnost stability 
Example:Мениджърът се надява да допринесе за по-голямата стабилност на компанията.Menidzharat se nadyava da doprinese za po-golyamata stabilnost na kompaniyata.
Meaning:The manager hopes to contribute to the greater stability of the company. 

#4 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
разрастванеrazrastvane expansion 
Example:Благодарение на новия продукт последва разрастване на базата клиенти.Blagodarenie na noviya produkt posledva razrastvane na bazata klienti.
Meaning:Thanks to the new product, an expansion of the customer base followed.

#5 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
политикаpolitika policy 
Example:Настоящата политика на компанията съдържа всичките ѝ цели.Nastoyashtata politika na kompaniyata sadarzha vsichkite i tseli.
Meaning:The current policy of the company contains all its goals. 

#6 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
мисияmisiya mission 
Example:Основната мисия на компанията е да удовлетвори нуждите на клиентите.Osnovnata misiya na kompaniyata e da udovletvori nuzhdite na klientite.
Meaning:The main mission of the company is to meet the needs of customers. 

#7 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
клиентелаklientelaclientele
Example:В условията на силна конкуренция, всеки собственик на бизнес се стреми да привлече по-голяма клиентела.V usloviyata na silna konkurentsiya, vseki sobstvenik na biznes se stremi da privleche po-golyama klientela.
Meaning:In the face of strong competition, every business owner strives to attract more clientele.

#8 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
търговецtargovets merchant 
Example:Този търговец предложи най-изгодната оферта.Tozi targovets predlozhi nay-izgodnata oferta.
Meaning:This merchant offered the best deal. 

#9 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
доставчикdostavchik supplier 
Example:Необходимо е да се свържем с този доставчик за нова поръчка.Neobhodimo e da se svarzhem s tozi dostavchik za nova porachka.
Meaning:We need to contact this supplier for a new order. 

#10 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
моделmodel model 
Example:Следването на подходящ бизнес модел е от съществено значение за компанията.Sledvaneto na podhodyasht biznes model e ot sashtestveno znachenie za kompaniyata.
Meaning:Following an appropriate business model is essential for the company. 

#11 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
търговска маркаtargovska markatrademark
Example:Това не е добре позната търговска марка.Tova ne e dobre poznata targovska marka.
Meaning:This is not a well-known trademark. 

#12 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
организацияorganizatsiyaorganization
Example:Фирмата се радва на добра организация, съдействаща за успешното извършване на работата.Firmata se radva na dobra organizatsiya, sadeystvashta za uspeshnoto izvarshvane na rabotata.
Meaning:The company enjoys good organization, contributing to the successful completion of the work. 

#13 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
акцияaktsiya action 
Example:Общността проведе нова акция по засаждане на дръвчета през почивните дни.Obshtnostta provede nova aktsiya po zasazhdane na dravcheta prez pochivnite dni.
Meaning:The community held a new action (campaign) of planting trees over the weekend. 

Someone Planting a Tree in Soil

The community held a new action of planting trees over the weekend.

#14 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
дружествоdruzhestvo company / organization
Example:Това дружество беше учредено преди 5 години.Tova druzhestvo beshe uchredeno predi 5 godini.
Meaning:This company was established five years ago. 

#15 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
бюджетbyudzhet budget
Example:Заради съкратения бюджет фирмата не успя да осъществи всичките си планове.Zaradi sakrateniya byudzhet firmata ne uspya da osashtestvi vsichkite si planove.
Meaning:Due to the reduced budget, the company could not implement all its plans. 

#16 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
рентабиленrentabilen profitable 
Example:Избирането на тази продуктова линия не е рентабилно за компанията.Izbiraneto na tazi produktova liniya ne e rentabilno za kompaniyata.
Meaning:Choosing this product line is not profitable for the company.

#17 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
структураstrukturastructure
Example:Всеки бизнес план съдържа добре разработена структура.Vseki biznes plan sadarzha dobre razrabotena struktura.
Meaning:Each business plan contains a well-developed structure. 

#18 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
реализацияrealizatsiya realization 
Example:Плановете на компанията бяха добри, но до тяхната реализация така и не се стигна.Planovete na kompaniyata byaha dobri, no do tyahnata realizatsiya taka i ne se stigna.
Meaning:The company’s plans were good, but their realization was not completed. 

#19 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
доходоносенdohodonosenprofitable
Example:Този бизнес е много доходоносен.Tozi biznes e mnogo dohodonosen.
Meaning:This business is very profitable. 

#20 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
командировкаkomandirovkabusiness trip
Example:Част от служителите заминаха на командировка.Chast ot sluzhitelite zaminaha na komandirovka.
Meaning:Some of the employees went on a business trip. 

Two Business People Standing in an Airport with Luggage

Some of the employees went on a business trip.

#21 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
заявкаzayavka request 
Example:Ще ти пусна заявка за този продукт.Shte ti pusna zayavka za tozi produkt.
Meaning:I will send you a request for this product. 

#22 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
кредитkreditloan
Example:Поради липса на достатъчно средства се наложи да тегля кредит.Poradi lipsa na dostatachno sredstva se nalozhi da teglya kredit.
Meaning:Due to a lack of funds, I had to take out a loan. 

#23 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
капиталkapitalcapital
Example:За да се стартира даден бизнес, е необходим начален капитал.Za da se startira daden biznes, e neobhodim nachalen kapital.
Meaning:Starting a business requires initial capital.

#24 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
инвестицияinvestitsiyainvestment
Example:Ние ще участваме в тази инвестиция.Nie shte uchastvame v tazi investitsiya.
Meaning:We will participate in this investment. 

#25 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
задължениеzadalzhenie debt 
Example:Компанията има неизплатено задължение по последния кредит.Kompaniyata ima neizplateno zadalzhenie po posledniya kredit.
Meaning:The company has an outstanding debt on the last loan.
    → Ready to test your listening skills? You can head over to BulgarianPod101’s YouTube channel, watch this listening comprehension video of a Bulgarian business presentation, and then take the test at the end!

Practical Exercise for Advanced Business Words

This exercise contains two columns: one with Bulgarian business words and the other with their English translations. Connect each Bulgarian word with its corresponding English translation.

търговец (targovets) 

доходоносен (dohodonosen) 

реализация (realizatsiya) 

бюджет (byudzhet) 

командировка (komandirovka) 

политика (politika) 

клиентела (klientela) 

разрастване (razrastvane) 

инвестиция (investitsiya)

устойчивост (ustoychivost) 

кредит (kredit)  

стабилност (stabilnost) 

прозрачен (prozrachen)
expansion  

policy  

merchant  

sustainability  

stability  

business trip 

budget  

transparent 

clientele 

investment 

profitable  

loan 

realization 

Advanced Medical Words

Do you plan on studying medicine in Bulgaria, or perhaps finding a job here in the medical field? In either case, learning the advanced Bulgarian words below will give you a great headstart on your dreams. 

#1 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
биопсияbiopsiyabiopsy 
Example:Биопсията ще покаже дали има наличие на злокачествено заболяване.Biopsiyata shte pokazhe dali ima nalichie na zlokachestveno zabolyavane.
Meaning:The biopsy will show if there is any malignancy.

#2 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
деменцияdementsiya dementia 
Example:Възрастният човек страдаше от деменция и често се губеше.Vazrastniyat chovek stradashe ot dementsiya i chesto se gubeshe.
Meaning:The old man suffered from dementia and was often lost. 

#3 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хипогликемияhipoglikemiyahypoglycemia
Example:Резкият спад на кръвната захар води до хипогликемия.Rezkiyat spad na kravnata zahar vodi do hipoglikemiya.
Meaning:A sudden drop in blood sugar leads to hypoglycemia.

#4 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
мутацияmutatsiyamutation
Example:Процесът на израждане на клетките се нарича мутация.Protsesat na izrazhdane na kletkite se naricha mutatsiya.
Meaning:The process of cell degeneration is called a mutation. 

#5 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
щамshtam strain 
Example:Миналата седмица беше открит нов щам на коронавируса.Minalata sedmitsa beshe otkrit nov shtam na koronavirusa.
Meaning:A new strain of the coronavirus was discovered last week. 

#6 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
акнеakneacne
Example:Младежите често страдат от акне, което е трудно лечимо.Mladezhite chesto stradat ot akne, koeto e trudno lechimo.
Meaning:Young people often suffer from acne, which is difficult to treat.

#7 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
акупунктураakupunkturaacupuncture
Example:Наред с традиционната медицина, някои предпочитат да приложат и акупунктура.Nared s traditsionnata meditsina, nyakoi predpochitat da prilozhat i akupunktura.
Meaning:Along with traditional medicine, some prefer to use acupuncture. 

#8 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
ампутацияamputatsiya amputation 
Example:Измръзването на крака беше толкова голямо, че се наложи ампутация на единия пръст.Izmrazvaneto na kraka beshe tolkova golyamo, che se nalozhi amputatsiya na ediniya prast.
Meaning:The frostbite of the foot was so great that it required the amputation of a toe. 

#9 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
ангинаangina tonsillitis 
Example:Като вторична инфекция от грипа се появи гнойна ангина.Kato vtorichna infektsiya ot gripa se poyavi gnoyna angina.
Meaning:As a secondary influenza infection, purulent tonsillitis appeared. 

#10 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
артерияarteriyaartery 
Example:Това е главната артерия, която отвежда кръвта към сърцето.Tova e glavnata arteriya, koyato otvezhda kravta kam sartseto.
Meaning:This is the main artery that carries blood to the heart. 

#11 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
венаvenavein
Example:Във вените му тече българска кръв.Vav venite mu teche balgarska krav.
Meaning:Bulgarian blood flows in his veins. 

#12 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
ваксинаvaksinavaccine
Example:С увеличаване на заболеваемостта все повече хора си биха ваксина.S uvelichavane na zabolevaemostta vse poveche hora si biha vaksina.
Meaning:As the incidence of disease increased, more and more people got vaccinated. 

#13 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
жлезаzhlezagland
Example:Предстои ми преглед на щитовидната жлеза.Predstoi mi pregled na shtitovidnata zhleza.
Meaning:I’m up for an examination of my thyroid gland. 

#14 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
жлъчкаzhlachkabile
Example:Той често се оплакваше от болки в корема и се оказа, че има възпалена жлъчка.Toy chesto se oplakvashe ot bolki v korema i se okaza, che ima vazpalena zhlachka.
Meaning:He often complained about abdominal pain, and it turned out that his gallbladder was inflamed. 

#15 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
инсулинinsulininsulin
Example:Диабетикът се нуждае от редовни дози инсулин.Diabetikat se nuzhdae ot redovni dozi insulin.
Meaning:A diabetic needs regular doses of insulin. 

#16 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
интубацияintubatsiyaintubation 
Example:След като той вече не можеше да диша добре, се стигна до интубация.Sled kato toy veche ne mozheshe da disha dobre, se stigna do intubatsiya.
Meaning:After he was no longer able to breathe well, intubation ensued.

#17 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
инфекцияinfektsiya infection 
Example:Порязването с нож може да доведе до голяма инфекция в областта на раната.Poryazvaneto s nozh mozhe da dovede do golyama infektsiya v oblastta na ranata.
Meaning:A knife cut can lead to a large infection in the wounded area. 

#18 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
парализаparaliza paralysis 
Example:В следствие на катастрофата пациентът беше диагностициран с парализа на долните крайници.V sledstvie na katastrofata patsientat beshe diagnostitsiran s paraliza na dolnite kraynitsi.
Meaning:As a result of the accident, the patient was diagnosed with paralysis of the lower limbs. 

#19 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
патоген patogenpathogen
Example:В момента учени изследват появата на нов патоген.V momenta ucheni izsledvat poyavata na nov patogen.
Meaning:Scientists are currently investigating the emergence of a new pathogen. 

#20 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
реанимацияreanimatsiyaintensive care
Example:Състоянието му крайно се влоши и го преместиха в отделението по реанимация.Sastoyanieto mu krayno se vloshi i go premestiha v otdelenieto po reanimatsiya.
Meaning:His condition deteriorated, and he was transferred to the intensive care unit.

#21 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хемоглобинhemoglobin hemoglobin 
Example:Преди кръводаряването непременно проверяват нивото на хемоглобина.Predi kravodaryavaneto nepremenno proveryavat nivoto na hemoglobina.
Meaning:Before donating blood, be sure to check the hemoglobin level. 

#22 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хепатитhepatit hepatitis 
Example:Хепатитът е известен още като болестта на мръсните ръце.Hepatitat e izvesten oshte kato bolestta na mrasnite ratse.
Meaning:Hepatitis is also known as the disease of dirty hands. 

#23 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хипертонияhipertoniya hypertension 
Example:Пациентът с хипертония се оплака от често сърцебиене.Patsientat s hipertoniya se oplaka ot chesto sartsebiene.
Meaning:The patient with hypertension complained of palpitations.

#24 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хремаhrema runny nose
Example:Много хора са алергични и страдат от хрема през пролетта.Mnogo hora sa alergichni i stradat ot hrema prez proletta.
Meaning:Many people have allergies and suffer from a runny nose in the spring. 

#25 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
хрущялhrushtyal cartilage 
Example:Дефектите на ставния хрущял водят до увреждане на коляното.Defektite na stavniya hrushtyal vodyat do uvrezhdane na kolyanoto.
Meaning:Defects in the articular cartilage lead to knee damage. 

#26 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
сърцебиенеsartsebienepalpitation
Example:Когато се притесня много, получавам сърцебиене.Kogato se pritesnya mnogo, poluchavam sartsebiene.
Meaning:When I worry a lot, I get palpitations. 
    → Want to expand your medical vocabulary even further? See this lesson about medicine on BulgarianPod101.com.

Practical Exercise for Advanced Medical Words

While medical terms can be quite challenging, we’ve prepared a simple (and fun!) exercise for you. Just connect the Bulgarian medical term with the correct picture. You can check your answers at the end of this article.


ваксина (vaksina)
Runny Nose

хрема (hrema)
Vaccine

акне (akne)
Acupuncture

вена (vena)
Acne

акупунктура (akupunktura)
Vein

Advanced Legal Words

You might not be able to use these advanced Bulgarian terms in everyday life, but knowing them will allow you to engage in more complex conversations and maybe even help you land a job in the legal world!  

#1 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
иск isk claim
Example:В съда беше внесен иск срещу обвиняемия.V sada beshe vnesen isk sreshtu obvinyaemiya.
Meaning:A claim was filed in court against the defendant. 

#2 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
прокурор prokurorprosecutor
Example:На заседанието прокурорът изложи всички доказателства за виновността на обвиняемия.Na zasedanieto prokurorat izlozhi vsichki dokazatelstva za vinovnostta na obvinyaemiya.
Meaning:At the hearing, the prosecutor presented all the evidence of the defendant’s guilt. 

#3 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
адвокат advokat lawyer
Example:Адвокатът опита да намери смекчаващи вината обстоятелства в случая на своя клиент.Advokatat opita da nameri smekchavashti vinata obstoyatelstva v sluchaya na svoya klient.
Meaning:The lawyer tried to find mitigating circumstances in his client’s case. 

#4 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
защита zashtitadefense
Example:Всеки обвиняем има право на защита.Vseki obvinyaem ima pravo na zashtita.
Meaning:Every defendant has the right to a defense. 

#5 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
ответник otvetnikdefendant
Example:Ответникът трябва да се яви в съда в 11 ч.Otvetnikat tryabva da se yavi v sada v 11 chasa.
Meaning:The defendant must appear in court at 11 o’clock. 

#6 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
ищец ishtetsplaintiff
Example:По думите на ищеца вие сте се забавили с плащането.Po dumite na ishtetsa vie ste se zabavili s plashtaneto.
Meaning:According to the plaintiff, you delayed the payment.

#7 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
съд sadcourt
Example:Съдията влезе в съда.Sadiyata vleze v sada.
Meaning:The judge entered the court. 

Court
#8 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
заседание zasedaniehearing 
Example:Заседанието на съда започна.Zasedanieto na sada zapochna.
Meaning:The court hearing began. 

#9 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
разпит razpitquestioning
Example:Всички свидетели по делото бяха поканени на разпит.Vsichki svideteli po deloto byaha pokaneni na razpit.
Meaning:All witnesses in the case were summoned for questioning. 

#10 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
свидетел svidetel witness 
Example:Нито един свидетел не опроверга обвинението.Nito edin svidetel ne oproverga obvinenieto.
Meaning:No witness denied the accusation. 

#11 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
заседател zasedateljuror
Example:Заседанието започна при липсата на един съдебен заседател.Zasedanieto zapochna pri lipsata na edin sadeben zasedatel.
Meaning:The hearing began in the absence of a juror. 

#12 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
престъпление prestaplenie crime
Example:Това престъпление беше извършено през нощта.Tova prestaplenie beshe izvarsheno prez noshtta.
Meaning:This crime was committed at night. 

#13 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
обвиняем obvinyaemdefendant
Example:Най-близкият на убития беше обвиняем.Nay-blizkiyat na ubitiya beshe obvinyaem.
Meaning:The person closest to the victim was the defendant. 

#14 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
престъпник prestapnikcriminal
Example:Не си личи по външния му вид, че е престъпник.Ne si lichi po vanshniya mu vid, che e prestapnik.
Meaning:He doesn’t look like a criminal. 

#15 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
вина vina guilt
Example:Мъжът не чувстваше никаква вина за деянието.Mazhat ne chuvstvashe nikakva vina za deyanieto.
Meaning:The man felt no regret for the act. 

#16 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
доказателство dokazatelstvо evidence 
Example:Съдът събираше доказателства за виновността на обвиняемия.Sadat sabirashe dokazatelstva za vinovnostta na obvinyaemiya.
Meaning:The court was gathering evidence of the defendant’s guilt. 

#17 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
наказание nakazanie judgement
Example:Наложеното наказание е съразмерно с вината.Nalozhenoto nakazanie e sarazmerno s vinata.
Meaning:The judgement imposed is proportionate to the guilt. 

#18 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
право pravoright
Example:Обвиняемият има права, които трябва да се спазват при разпита.Obvinyaemiyat ima prava, koito tryabva da se spazvat pri razpita.
Meaning:The defendant has rights that must be respected during the interrogation. 

#19 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
обезщетение obezshteteniecompensation
Example:Освен наказание с лишаване от свобода, обвиняемият трябваше да плати и обезщетение.Osven nakazanie s lishavane ot svoboda, obvinyaemiyat tryabvashe da plati i obezshtetenie.
Meaning:In addition to imprisonment, the defendant had to pay compensation as well. 

#20 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
доживотен dozhivoten lifelong
Example:Съдът не наложи доживотен затвор, както всички очакваха.Sadat ne nalozhi dozhivoten zatvor, kakto vsichki ochakvakha.
Meaning:The court did not impose a life sentence, as everyone expected. 

#21 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
помилване pomilvane pardon 
Example:Адвокатът пледираше за помилване на обвиняемия.Advokatat pledirashe za pomilvane na obvinyaemiya.
Meaning:The lawyer pleaded for pardon of the defendant. 

#22 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
затвор zatvorprison 
Example:Осъдиха престъпника на 2 години затвор.Osadiha prestapnika na 2 godini zatvor.
Meaning:The criminal was sentenced to 2 years in prison.

#23 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
невинен nevineninnocent
Example:Осъденият каза, че е невинен.Osadeniyat kaza, che e nevinen.
Meaning:The convict said he was innocent. 

#24 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
освободен osvobodenreleased
Example:Той плати гаранцията, за да бъде освободен.Toy plati garantsiyata, za da bade osvoboden.
Meaning:He paid the bail to be released. 

#25 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
преследване presledvane prosecution
Example:Съдебно преследване грози нарушителите на закона.Sadebno presledvane grozi narushitelite na zakona.
Meaning:Violators face prosecution. 

Practical Exercise for Advanced Legal Words

Fill in the blanks with the correct advanced legal word out of the three options presented.

Всеки ____________(съд, затвор, престъпник) трябва да понесе ____________(заседание, наказание, доказателство).
Vseki (sad, zatvor, prestapnik) tryabva da ponese (zasedanie, nakazanie, dokazatelstvo).
Every criminal must bear judgement.

Всеки е ____________(невинен, доживотен, обвиняем) до доказване на ____________(помилването, преследването, вината).
Vseki e (nevinen, dozhivoten, obvinyaem) do dokazvane na (pomilvaneto, presledvaneto, vinata).
Everyone is innocent until proven guilty.

Присъдата на обвиняемия беше ____________(освободен, обвиняем, доживотен) затвор.
Prisadata na obvinyaemiya beshe (osvoboden, obvinyaem, dozhivoten) zatvor.
The defendant was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Издадена бе окончателна ____________(защита, присъда, вина) без право на ____________(помилване, обезщетение, доказателство).
Izdadena be okonchatelna (zashtita, prisada, vina) bez pravo na (pomilvane, obezshtetenie, dokazatelstvo).
A final sentence was issued without the right to pardon.

Адвокатът не можа да намери ____________(престъпление, заседание, доказателство) за оправдаването на ____________(престъпника, прокурора, ищеца).
Advokatat ne mozha da nameri (prestaplenie, zasedanie, dokazatelstvo) za opravdavaneto na (prestapnika, prokurora, ishtetsa).
The lawyer could not find evidence for the acquittal of the criminal.

Alternative Words for Acing Bulgarian Writing/Essays

If you would like to improve your writing style so that it sounds closer to a native’s level, we suggest you substitute the following words with their more advanced synonyms. This will make your essays more impressive and powerful. We have categorized our suggestions based on part of speech.


Nouns

#1 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replaceмониторингmonitoringmonitoring
Withнаблюдениеnablyudeniemonitoring

Example:
Услугата включва (денонощен мониторинг) денонощно наблюдение.Uslugata vklyuchva (denonoshten monitoring) denonoshtno nablyudenie.
Meaning:The service includes round-the-clock monitoring. 

#2  Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace локацияlokatsiyalocation 
With местоположениеmestopolozhenielocation 
Example:Можете да споделите (локацията) местоположението си.Mozhete da spodelite (lokatsiyata) mestopolozhenieto si.
Meaning:You can share your location. 

#3  Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace експозицияekspozitsiyaexposition
With изложбаizlozhbaexposition / exhibition

Example:
Днес беше открита нова (експозиция) изложба в града на розите.Dnes beshe otkrita nova (ekspozitsiya) izlozhba v grada na rozite.
Meaning:A new exhibition opened today in The City of Roses. 

#4  Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace евентeventevent
With събитиеsabitieevent
Example:(Официалният евент) Официалното събитие беше посетено от президента.(Ofitsialniyat event) Ofitsialnoto sabitie beshe poseteno ot prezidenta.
Meaning:The official event was attended by the President. 

#5  Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace шоуshou show
With представлениеpredstavlenieshow
Example:Много знаменити актьори участваха в това (шоу) представление.Mnogo znameniti aktyori uchastvaha v tova (shou) predstavlenie.
Meaning:Many famous actors took part in this show. 

#6  Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace мотивацияmotivatsiyamotivation
With подбудаpodbudamotivation
Example:(Мотивацията) Подбудата му е да направи света по-добър.(Motivatsiyata) Podbudata mu e da napravi sveta po-dobar.
Meaning:His motivation is to make the world a better place. 

#7 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace красотаkrasotabeauty
With прелестprelestbeauty
Example:Под семплата външност се крие истинска (красота) прелест.Pod semplata vanshnost se krie istinska (krasota) prelest.
Meaning:Beneath the simple appearance lies a real beauty. 

#8 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace печалбаpechalbaprofit
With облагаoblagaprofit
Example:Той се възползва от тази материална (печалба) облага.Toy se vazpolzva ot tazi materialna (pechalba) oblaga.
Meaning:He takes advantage of this material profit. 

#9 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace съгласиеsaglasieunderstanding
With разбирателствоrazbiratelstvounderstanding
Example:Хубаво е да живеем в (съгласие) разбирателство.Hubavo e da zhiveem v (saglasie) razbiratelstvo.
Meaning:It is good to live in understanding. 

#10 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace заплатаzaplatasalary
With трудово възнаграждениеtrudovo vaznagrazhdeniesalary
Example:Всеки месец получавам (заплата) трудово възнаграждение.Vseki mesets poluchavam (zaplata) trudovo vaznagrazhdenie.
Meaning:Every month, I receive a salary. 

#11 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace директорdirektormanager 
With управителupravitelmanager 

Example:
Днес (директорът) управителят на фирмата събра работниците на кратко събрание.Dnes (direktorat) upravitelyat na firmata sabra rabotnitsite na kratko sabranie.
Meaning:Today, the company’s manager gathered the workers for a short meeting. 

#12 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace кешkeshcash
With пари в бройpari v broycash
Example:Плащането е (в кеш) с пари в брой.Plashtaneto e (v kesh) s pari v broy.
Meaning:Payment is in cash. 

#13 Bulgarian nounPronunciationTranslation
Replace офертаofertaoffer
With предложениеpredlozhenieoffer
Example:Това е много (изгодна оферта) изгодно предложение.Tova e mnogo (izgodna oferta) izgodno predlozhenie.
Meaning:This is a very good offer. 

Verbs

#1 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace стартирамstartiramto start
With започвамzapochvam to start

Example:
Днес планирам да (стартирам) започна нов проект.Dnes planiram da (startiram) zapochna nov proekt.
Meaning:Today, I plan to start a new project. 

#2 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace планирамplaniramto plan
With крояkroya to plan
* кроя is used in a negative context and can be translated as “to be up for mischief.”
Example:Веднага разбрах, че (планираш) кроиш да направиш нещо лошо.Vednaga razbrah, che (planirash) kroish da napravish neshto losho.
Meaning:I immediately realized that you were planning to do something bad. 

#3 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace планирамplaniramto plan
With възнамерявамvaznameryavam to plan
* Аnother verb for планирам, but this time with a positive meaning
Example:Скоро (планирам) възнамерявам да създам семейство.Skoro (planiram) vaznameryavam da sazdam semeystvo.
Meaning:I plan to start a family soon. 

#4 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace създавамsazdavamto create
With творяtvorya to create
Example:Отдавна не съм (създавал) творил нещо ново.Otdavna ne sam (sazdaval) tvoril neshto novo.
Meaning:I haven’t created anything new for a long time. 

#5 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace идвамidvamto come / to arrive
With пристигамpristigam to arrive
* While идвам is usually used for coming by foot, пристигам is used for arriving by vehicle.
Example:Утре (идвам) пристигам с автобуса на автогарата.Utre (idvam) pristigam s avtobusa na avtogarata.
Meaning:Tomorrow, I will arrive by bus at the bus station. 

#6 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace мечтаяmechtayato dream
With копнеяkopneya to dream / to long for
* While мечтая is not incorrect, копнея shows a higher degree of desire.
Example:Отдавна (мечтая) копнея да срещна хора като вас.Otdavna (mechtaya) kopneya da sreshtna hora kato vas.
Meaning:I have dreamed of meeting people like you for a long time. 

#7 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace мисляmislyato think
With считамschitamto think
Example:Определено (мисля) считам, че предложението е добро.Opredeleno (mislya) schitam, che predlozhenieto e dobro.
Meaning:I definitely think the proposal is good. 

#8 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace учаuchato study
With изучавамizuchavamto study
Example:Дълги години (учех) изучавах историята на България.Dalgi godini (ucheh) izuchavah istoriyata na Balgariya.
Meaning:For many years, I studied the history of Bulgaria

#9 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace разбирамrazbiramto understand 
With схващамshvashtam to understand 
Example:Той може много добре да (разбере) схване разликата.Toy mozhe mnogo dobre da (razbere) shvane razlikata.
Meaning:He can understand the difference very well. 

#10 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace харчаharchato spend 
With изразходвамizrazhodvam to spend 
Example:Налага се да (изхарча) изразходя всичките си пари за този проект.Nalaga se da (izharcha) izrazhodya vsichkite si pari za tozi proekt.
Meaning:I have to spend all my money on this project. 

#11 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace оглагамotlagamto postpone 
With отрочвамotsrochvam to postpone 
Example:Няма да се наложи да (отлагам) отсрочвам изпита.Nyama da se nalozhi da (otlagam) otsrochvam izpita.
Meaning:I will not have to postpone the exam. 

#12 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace правяpravyato make
With изработвамizrabotvam to make
Example:От много отдавна (правя) изработвам глинени съдове.Ot mnogo otdavna (pravya) izrabotvam glineni sadove.
Meaning:I have been making pottery for a long time.

#13 Bulgarian verbPronunciationTranslation
Replace консултирамkonsultiramto consult 
With съветвамsavetvam to advise 
Example:По този въпрос трябва да се (консултирам) посъветвам със специалист.Po tozi vapros tryabva da se (konsultiram) posavetvam sas spetsialist.
Meaning:I should get advised by a specialist on this issue. 

Adjectives

#1 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace голямgolyambig/great
With огроменogromen great/huge 
Example:По този въпрос имам (голям) огромен опит.Po tozi vapros imam (golyam) ogromen opit.
Meaning:I have great experience in this matter. 

#2 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace спокоенspokoencalm 
With хладнокръвенhladnokraven cold-blooded 
Example:Той даде съвсем (спокоен) хладнокръвен отговор на въпроса.Toy dade savsem (spokoen) hladnokraven otgovor na vaprosa.
Meaning:He gave a cold-blooded answer to the question. 

#3 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace решителенreshitelensteadfast
With непоколебимnepokolebimunwavering
Example:След като веднъж вземе решение, той е (решителен) непоколебим.Sled kato vednazh vzeme reshenie, toy e (reshitelen) nepokolebim.
Meaning:Once he makes a decision, he is unwavering.

#4 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace уморенumorentired
With изтощенiztoshten tired/exhausted 
Example:Чувствам се (уморен) изтощен след дългата работа.Chuvstvam se (umoren) iztoshten sled dalgata rabota.
Meaning:I feel exhausted after long work. 

#5 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace интересенintereseninteresting
With интригуващintriguvasht intriguing
Example:Този въпрос е много (интересен) интригуващ за мен.Tozi vapros e mnogo (interesen) intriguvasht za men.
Meaning:This question is very intriguing to me. 

#6 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace работливrabotlivhardworking
With трудолюбивtrudolyubivhardworking
Example:Човекът е много (работлив) трудолюбив.Chovekat e mnogo (rabotliv) trudolyubiv.
Meaning:The man is very hardworking.

#7 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace неподходящnepodhodyashtunsuitable
With неуместенneumesteninappropriate
Example:Твоят въпрос е съвсем (неподходящ) неуместен.Tvoyat vapros e savsem (nepodhodyasht) neumesten.
Meaning:Your question is completely inappropriate. 

#8 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace безинтересенbezinteresenuninteresting
With скученskuchenboring
Example:Този разказ е (безинтересен) скучен.Tozi razkaz e (bezinteresen) skuchen.
Meaning:This story is boring. 

#9 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace модеренmoderenmodern
With съвремененsavremenen contemporary 
Example:Този (модерен) съвременен стил ми харесва.Tozi (moderen) savremenen stil mi haresva.
Meaning:I like this contemporary style. 

#10 Bulgarian adjectivePronunciationTranslation
Replace богатbogatrich 
With заможенzamozhenwealthy
Example:(Богатият) Заможният човек отдели малко пари за каузата.(Bogatiyat) Zamozhniyat chovek otdeli malko pari za kauzata.
Meaning:The wealthy man set aside some money for the cause. 

Adverb

#1 Bulgarian adverbPronunciationTranslation
Replace много mnogovery/too
With твърде tvarde too
Example:Този камък е (много) твърде тежък.Tozi kamak e (mnogo) tvarde tezhak.
Meaning:This stone is too heavy. 

#2 Bulgarian adverbPronunciationTranslation
Replace трудно trudnodifficult
With непосилно neposilnoimpossible
Example:Тази задача е (трудна) непосилна.Tazi zadacha e (trudna) neposilna.
Meaning:This task is (difficult) impossible. 

#3 Bulgarian adverbPronunciationTranslation
Replace нетърпимо netarpimointolerable
With непоносимо neponosimounbearable
Example:Положението е (нетърпимо) непоносимо.Polozhenieto e (netarpimo) neponosimo.
Meaning:The situation is unbearable. 

#4 Bulgarian adverbPronunciationTranslation
Replace постоянно postoyannoconstantly
With неизменно neizmenno constantly
Example:Той (постоянно) неизменно твърдеше, че има голям опит.Toy (postoyanno) neizmenno tvardeshe, che ima golyam opit.
Meaning:He constantly claimed to have extensive experience. 

#5 Bulgarian adverbPronunciationTranslation
Replace щедро shtedrogenerous
With великодушноvelikodushno generous
Example:Той реши да постъпи (щедро) великодушно към бедняка.Toy reshi da postapi (shtedro) velikodushno kam bednyaka.
Meaning:He decided to be generous to the poor man. 

How can BulgarianPod101 help you learn Bulgarian?

BulgarianPod101 hopes that this comprehensive guide to advanced Bulgarian vocabulary words helps you advance further in your knowledge of and experience with the Bulgarian language. It can be of great aid in preparation for your advanced-level Bulgarian language exam, and it’s a practical tool for reaching your learning goals.  

Since the advanced level is very challenging, you may need personal guidance to help you progress at this stage. If so, you can turn to our MyTeacher service to choose a native and experienced Bulgarian teacher who understands your difficulties and knows how to help you successfully overcome them.

We would love to hear your feedback about this article. Please don’t hesitate to share your thoughts with us in the comments below, and we’ll help you out the best we can. 

And now, it’s time to check your answers to the practical exercises.

Answers to Practical Exercises

Advanced Academic Words

В края на годината служителят на компанията състави доклад, където включи своята оценка за постигнатото през годината. Той беше направил подробно проучване на човешкия ресурс и доколко предвидената за тази година програма беше изпълнена. Директорът не беше доволен от постигнатото и започна безмилостна критика, насочена към персонала. За следващата година той заповяда да се направи ново проучване на клиентите, конкурентите и стратегиите и да се направи цялостна редакция на политиката. Предстоeше и осъществяването на нов проект.

V kraya na godinata sluzhitelyat na kompaniyata sаstavi doklad, kаdeto vklyuchi svoyata otsenka za postignatoto prez godinata. Toy beshe napravil podrobno prouchvane na choveshkiya resurs i dokolko predvidenata za tazi godina programa beshe izpalnena. Direktorat ne beshe dovolen ot postignatoto i zapochna bezmilostna kritika, nasochena kam personala. Za sledvashtata godina toy zapovyada da se napravi novo prouchvane na klientite, konkurentite i strategiite i da se napravi tsyalostna redaktsiya na politikata. Predstoeshe i osashtestvyavaneto na nov proekt.

At the end of the year, the company’s employee compiled a report, which included his assessment of the achievements during the year. He had carried out a detailed study of human resources and the extent to which the program planned for this year had been implemented. The director was dissatisfied with what had been achieved and began relentless criticism of the staff. For the next year, he ordered new research of customers, competitors, and strategies to be performed, along with a comprehensive revision of the policy. A new project was forthcoming.

Advanced Business Words

търговец (targovets)

доходоносен (dohodonosen)

реализация (realizatsiya)

бюджет (byudzhet)

командировка (komandirovka)

политика (politika)

клиентела (clientela)

разрастване (razrastvane)

инвестиция (investitsiya)

устойчивост (ustoychivost)

кредит (kredit)

стабилност (stabilnost)

прозрачен (prozrachen)
merchant 

profitable

realization 

budget 

business trip 

policy 

clientele

expansion 

investment

sustainability 

loan

stability 

transparent

Advanced Medical Words

хрема (hrema)
Runny Nose
ваксина (vaksina)
Vaccine
акупунктура (akupunktura)
Acupuncture
акне (akne)
Acne
вена (vena)
Vein

Advanced Legal Words

Всеки престъпник трябва да понесе наказание.
Vseki prestapnik tryabva da ponese nakazanie.
Every criminal must bear punishment.

Всеки е невинен до доказване на вината.
Vseki e nevinen do dokazvane na vinata.
Everyone is innocent until proven guilty.

Присъдата на обвиняемия беше доживотен затвор.
Prisadata na obvinyaemiya beshe dozhivoten zatvor.
The defendant was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Издадена бе окончателна присъда без право на помилване.
Izdadena be okonchatelna prisada bez pravo na pomilvane.
A final sentence was issued without the right to pardon.

Адвокатът не можа да намери доказателство за оправдаването на престъпника.
Advokatat ne mozha da nameri dokazatelstvo za opravdavaneto na prestapnika.
The lawyer could not find evidence for the acquittal of the criminal.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Bulgarian

Bulgarian Proficiency Test Guide: Pass the Test with Success

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Have you ever heard about STBFL or ECL? Did you know that you can check your Bulgarian language skills by taking a Bulgarian language level test and getting a certificate that corresponds to your language level?

There are many reasons why taking a foreign language exam is important. Here are just a few scenarios that indicate you should start planning to take one yourself:

  • If you plan to move to Bulgaria 
  • If you want to build business relations with Bulgarians
  • If you want to stand out from the crowd when applying for a job
  • If you want to increase your motivation to learn more

In the process of preparing for your Bulgarian as a second language exam, you’ll not only improve your studies, but you’ll also learn language skills that will be advantageous for you in the future. Moreover, by expanding your language skills, you’ll be able to feel like part of a different community, country, and culture—and make many Bulgarian friends.

BulgarianPod101.com has prepared this detailed Bulgarian proficiency test guide to give you all of the tools and information you need to pass your Bulgarian exam!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Study Strategies in Bulgarian Table of Contents
  1. General Information About Official Bulgarian Proficiency Tests
  2. The Standard Test of Bulgarian as a Foreign Language (STBFL)
  3. ECL – European Consortium for the Certificate of Attainment in Modern Languages
  4. Foreign Language Proficiency Exam (FLPE)
  5. Official ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI)
  6. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Prepare For The Test?
  7. Conclusion

1. General Information About Official Bulgarian Proficiency Tests

Whether you have an upcoming Bulgarian language test or you plan to take one in the future when you’ve had time to improve your language skills, it’s beneficial to learn more about the specifications. There are four Bulgarian language exams available for foreigners: 

  • The Standard Test of Bulgarian as a Foreign Language (STBFL) 
  • European Consortium for the Certificate of Attainment in Modern Languages (ECL) 
  • Foreign Language Proficiency Exam (FLPE)
  • Official ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI)

BulgarianPod101.com has prepared this guide for you with detailed information about each of these exams, including:

  • General information about each of these four Bulgarian language tests
  • How many levels there are and what they mean
  • How many sections there are and what they consist of
  • The duration for each section (and for the entire exam)
  • Where the exam can be taken
  • What the fee is for taking each exam
  • What kind of certification you’ll receive for each level

2. The Standard Test of Bulgarian as a Foreign Language (STBFL)

A- General Information About the Exam

The Standard Test of Bulgarian as a Foreign Language (STBFL) is conducted by the University of Sofia. In Bulgaria, it’s accepted as proof of Bulgarian language proficiency. This Bulgarian language exam consists of five levels of language competence: A2, B1, B2, C1, and C2. Each level is regulated based on the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) and ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe) levels.

1- Detailed Information About the A2 Level Exam

The A2 level of this Bulgarian proficiency test reveals basic competence and corresponds to the ALTE A2 Level based on CEFR. 

Total Duration: 180 minutes, 4 parts for a total of 285 points. To pass, you need to get at least 144 points.

The A2 test consists of four sections:

    ★ The Listening Test

Duration: 40 minutes, 5 exercises for a total of 55 points. To pass, you need at least 28 points.

The candidate should understand the meaning of words and phrases, be able to take notes while listening to short texts and dialogues, and be able to find specific information in longer texts.

    ★ The Reading Test

Duration: 15 minutes, 2 exercises for a total of 35 points. To pass, you need at least 18 points.

The candidate should be able to read texts and answer related questions. The texts could be in the form of advertisements, letters, notes, or short stories.

    ★ The Writing Test

Duration: 105 minutes, 6 exercises for a total of 135 points. To pass, you need at least 68 points.

The candidate should be able to: write some simple notes or announcements; describe different events, places, people, and things; write personal letters to a friend. For this part of the exam, candidates can expect to:

  • Fill in the blanks
  • Answer writing questions
  • Write offers and commands
  • Make comparisons 
  • Write descriptions, essays, or dialogues
    ★ The Speaking Test

Duration: 20 minutes, 2 exercises for a total of 60 points. To pass, you need at least 30 points.

The candidate should be able to: take part in conversations; ask questions; understand what other people are saying. The first exercise is conducted in the form of an interview and consists of five to ten questions related to the personality of the candidate. The second exercise consists of a dialogue, in which the candidate has to describe something and reveal his/her own opinion about it. 


2- Detailed Information About the B1 Level Exam

The B1 level of this Bulgarian language proficiency test reveals threshold competence and corresponds to the ALTE B1 Level based on CEFR. 

Total Duration: 180 minutes, 4 parts for a total of 365 points. To pass, you need at least 184 points.

The B1 test consists of four sections:

    ★ The Listening Test

Duration: 40 minutes, 5 exercises for a total of 95 points. To pass, you need at least 48 points.

The candidate should be able to: understand longer and more-complicated dialogues; take notes while listening; answer spontaneously in dialogues related to different situations.

    ★ The Reading Test

Duration: 30 minutes, 3 exercises for a total of 55 points. To pass, you need at least 28 points.

The candidate should be able to: read short and long dialogues; paraphrase them; answer questions. Candidates will be reading original dialogues and articles

    ★ The Writing Test

Duration: 100 minutes, 6 exercises for a total of 155 points. To pass, you need at least 78 points.

In addition to being able to describe different things, the candidate should be able to write stories, dialogues, and two types of essays (analytical and descriptive).

The Writing Test
    ★ The Speaking Test

Duration: 10 minutes, 2 exercises for a total of 60 points. To pass, you need at least 30 points.

The candidate should be able to talk about and discuss familiar topics and argue for/against a specific position. The first exercise is conducted in the form of an interview and consists of five to ten questions related to the personality of the candidate. The second exercise consists of one or two dialogues related to daily or professional topics, in which the candidate has to analyze events or situations, as well as describe and reveal his/her own opinion. 

3- Detailed Information About the B2 Level Exam

The B2 level of the exam reveals good competence and corresponds to the ALTE B2 Level based on CEFR.

Total Duration: 260 minutes, 4 parts for a total of 300 points. To pass, you need at least 180 points.

The B2 test consists of four sections:

    ★ The Speaking Test

Duration: 20 minutes, 5 exercises for a total of 20 points. To pass, you need at least 8 points.

The first exercise is conducted in the form of an interview and consists of five to ten questions related to the personality of the candidate. The candidate should be able to: talk about and discuss different topics; argue; describe the pros and cons of different options; make comparisons; clearly express his/her thoughts in detail. 

    ★ The Listening Test

Duration: 60 minutes, 4 exercises for a total of 85 points. To pass, you need at least 51 points.

The candidate should be able to: understand sentences and short dialogues; correctly answer questions about them; take notes.

    ★ The Reading Test

Duration: 90 minutes, 5 exercises for a total of 60 points. To pass, you need at least 36 points.

The candidate should be able to comprehend a text related to media, a profession, or everyday life. He should also: cope with longer text on familiar topics; be able to fill in the blanks; be able to answer questions with yes or no; be able to choose the right answers from multiple options.

    ★ The Writing Test

Duration: 90 minutes, 5 exercises for a total of 155 points. To pass, you need at least 93 points.

The writing exam checks the developed skills of listening, reading and writing, starting with Global and detail listening comprehension and assessment of spontaneous communication. The second part consists of writing an answer to a group of questions, writing a continuation of a story, writing descriptive or argumentative texts, as well as writing an essay on a preferred topic. 

4- Detailed Information About the C1 Level Exam

The C1 level reveals high competence and corresponds to the ALTE C1 Level based on CEFR. 

Total Duration: 180 minutes, 4 parts for a total of 300 points. To pass, you need at least 156 points.

The C1 test consists of four sections:

    ★ The Listening Test

Duration: 40 minutes, 3 exercises for a total of 55 points. To pass, you need at least 28 points.

The candidate should be able to: understand different types of sentences; choose the right answers corresponding to them; take notes.

    ★ The Reading Test

Duration: 40 minutes, 3 exercises for a total of 60 points. To pass, you need at least 30 points.

The candidate should be able to: comprehend texts related to different areas of expertise; discuss various topics; understand the core meaning of texts; extract the relevant information from the texts. He or she should be able to identify phrases in fiction as well as in texts rich in information.

    ★ The Writing Test

Duration: 85 minutes, 6 exercises for a total of 125 points. To pass, you need at least 63 points.

The candidate should be able to write well-structured texts using different forms of expression. The exercises consist of writing five short texts, a continuation of a story, and an essay. 

    ★ The Speaking Test

Duration: 15 minutes, 2 exercises for a total of 60 points. To pass, you need at least 35 points.

The candidate should be able to talk freely about different topics and express his/her opinion clearly. The first exercise is conducted in the form of an interview related to the personality of the candidate. The second part consists of talking about professional and routine topics, as well as commenting on current events.

5- Detailed Information About the C2 Level Exam

The C2 level reveals perfect language knowledge and corresponds to the ALTE C2 Level based on CEFR. 

Total Duration: 240 minutes, 4 parts for a total of 300 points. To pass, you need at least 180 points.

The C2 test consists of four sections:

    ★ The Listening Test

Duration: 40 minutes, 3 exercises for a total of 120 points. To pass, you need at least 72 points.

The candidate should be able to understand everything he/she hears and exchange information making use of facts and arguments. 

    ★ The Reading Test

Duration: 90 minutes, 3 exercises for a total of 88 points. To pass, you need at least 53 points.

The candidate should be able to: comprehend texts related to different areas of expertise; discuss various topics, including those related to science; understand the core meaning of texts; extract the relevant information from the texts. He or she should be able to identify phrases in fiction as well as in texts rich in information.

    ★ The Writing Test

Duration: 90 minutes, 3 exercises for a total of 92 points. To pass, you need at least 55 points.

The candidate should be able to write well-structured texts using different forms of expression. The exercises consist of writing five short texts: a continuation of a story, essays, descriptions, notes from meetings and seminars, reports, personal and business letters, etc.

Writing Personal and Business Letters
    ★ The Speaking Test

Duration: 20 minutes, 2 exercises for a total of 20 points. To pass, you need at least 8 points.

The candidate should possess language competence that’s close to that of native speakers. The first exercise is conducted in the form of an interview related to the personality of the candidate. The second part consists of talking about professional and routine topics, as well as commenting on current events. The candidate should know how to use some Bulgarian and foreign sayings, quotes, and popular thoughts.

    ► Passing the Bulgarian C2 test can be very challenging, especially the speaking test. To help you out, we’ve put a video below that can teach you 50 Bulgarian phrases to use in a conversation:

B- Where Can the Exam be Taken?

This exam can be taken at the Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” in the Department for Language Teaching and International Students.

C- What is the Fee for Taking this Exam?

  • The exam fee for US applicants is $100 + $15 postage fee for shipping the certificate. $115 in total. 
  • The exam fee for European candidates is EUR 85 + EUR 10 postage fee for shipping the certificate. EUR 95 in total.
  • The exam fee for applicants from other countries is $115 or $95 (optional).
Language Skills

3. ECL – European Consortium for the Certificate of Attainment in Modern Languages

A- General Information About the Exam

The European Consortium for the Certificate of Attainment in Modern Languages is an international examination system for testing the listening, oral, reading, and writing skills of candidates for fifteen European languages:

  • Bulgarian
  • Croatian
  • Czech
  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Hebrew
  • Hungarian
  • Italian
  • Spanish
  • Polish
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Serbian
  • Slovak

The test is subject to strict quality standards and reveals how well the candidate can cope with everyday, professional, and personal situations.

This test consists of four levels of language competence, adapted to the recommendations of the Common European Framework: A2 (Waystage), B1 (Threshold), B2 (Vantage), and C1 (Effective Operational Proficiency).

B- Detailed Information About the Examination Components

Unlike most language tests, the ECL does not include translation- or grammar-related tasks. Each of the four levels has the same test structure: four components tested by completing two tasks. Let’s take a look at them:

1- Oral Communication

This exam consists of two parts: a listening skill assessment and a speaking skill assessment. The candidates are assessed by two examiners. The maximum number of points a candidate can get is 25. The minimum number of points to pass is 10. Here are the parts of the oral exam:

    ❏ The first 3-5 minutes of the oral exam are for warming up and relaxing; candidates are not assessed during this time.
    ❏ The next part of the test is for starting a conversation between two candidates, while the role of the examiner is to guide their conversation with questions. Duration: 5-8 minutes.
    ❏ The third part of the test is for creating a monologue that reveals the candidate’s thoughts regarding a given topic or area of interest. Duration: 5-8 minutes.

2- Listening Comprehension Test

The candidate has to listen to an audio recording and demonstrate the ability to understand it by completing two different tasks. These can consist of multiple-choice questions, short answers, sentence completion, etc. 

The maximum number of points a candidate can receive is 25. The minimum number of points required to pass is 10.

3- Writing Test

The candidate is allowed to use a dictionary for this task, which consists of writing two texts on a given topic and predetermined length. The examiners will evaluate the texts based on factors such as style, fluency, text structuring, and morphology. The maximum number of points a candidate can receive is 25. The minimum number of points required to pass is 10.

A Dictionary can be Used
  • The candidates for level A2 have 35 minutes to complete the task and have to write two texts of about 50 words each.
  • The candidates for level B1 have 40 minutes to complete the task and have to write two texts of about 100 words each.
  • The candidates for level B2 have 60 minutes to complete the task and have to write two texts of about 150 words each.
  • The candidates for level C1 have 75 minutes to complete the task and have to write two texts of about 200 words each.

4- Reading Test

After reading the given text, the candidate should complete two tasks with ten items each so that the examiner can assess his or her reading comprehension. These tasks might be multiple-choice questions, matching, sentence completion, or short answer.

  • The reading comprehension test for A2-level candidates consists of 400-600 words.
  • The reading comprehension test for B1-level candidates consists of 500-700 words.
  • The reading comprehension test for B2-level candidates consists of 800-1000 words.
  • The reading comprehension test for C1-level candidates consists of 1000–1300 words.

The total time allocated for this part is 35 minutes for levels A2 and B1, and 45 minutes for levels B2 and C1. The number of words in the reading comprehension test varies between 400 and 1300 based on the level.

C- When and Where Can You Take the Bulgarian ETC Exam?

The Bulgarian ETC exam can be taken two times per year, in June and December. In Bulgaria, the exam center is located in Varna. The examination fee for this test varies by location.

4. Foreign Language Proficiency Exam (FLPE)

A- General Information About the Exam

The Foreign Language Proficiency Exam (FLPE) is intended only for students enrolled in the New York University’s Graduate School of Arts and Science. Through it, the students demonstrate foreign language skills required for their graduation.

B- Specific Information About the Test

FLPE consists of only one task: The candidate should translate one to three paragraphs of Bulgarian text into English. They can make use of a print dictionary. The duration of this Bulgarian language exam is 2 hours and the grading system is Pass/Fail. Students must follow the standards of written academic English to receive a Pass grade.

The FLPE Test Consists of Translation

C- When Can the Bulgarian FLPE Exam be Taken? 

The FLPE exam is administered by the Office of Academic and Student Affairs of the Graduate School of Arts and Science, and takes place three times per year: in March, August, and November. Upfront registration is required.

D- What is the Fee for Taking this Exam?

The registration fee is $25 and should be paid within four days of registering for this exam. There are three ways to pay the New York University: by submitting the fee in person, via a money order, or via postal mail.

5. Official ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI)

A- General Information About the Exam

The ACTFL OPI test is a reliable way to assess the language knowledge of a person in the form of an interview. It’s conducted by a certified ACTFL tester who leads the one-on-one interview for about 30 minutes. The best part about the test is that it’s adapted to the speaker’s abilities and preferences, and it’s interactive enough to make the candidate feel relaxed during the exam.

The OPIc version of the ACTFL test is conducted online through the so-called “live” OPI, and is led by a computer program. However, Bulgarian is not yet included in this internet-based version.

The assessment of the Bulgarian exam can be used for various purposes, such as: employment selection, college credit, placement, linguist and teacher credentialing, etc.

    ► If you’re interested in learning how to apply for a specific job in Bulgarian, BulgarianPod101.com offers a series of lessons dedicated to job interviews.

B- Specific Information About the Bulgarian OPI Test

The OPI Test Is Conducted by Phone

The OPI test is conducted by a certified ACTFL tester in the form of a telephone conversation that lasts between 15 and 30 minutes. During this conversation, the tester identifies the candidate’s strengths and weaknesses in various language aspects. The conversation follows a strict protocol and structure that ensures the assessment is reliable.

It consists of four parts: Warm-up, Level checks, Probes, and Wind-down. Here’s more information about what each of these parts involves:

  • Warm-up – This phase is an introduction to the exam. It includes greetings, conversation openers, and other informal pleasantries.
  • Level checks – During this phase, the tester involves the candidate in conversation on different topics that the speaker is interested in to check his level. Each check looks at different linguistic tasks that the candidate should succeed at.
  • Probes – This phase is intended to reveal the limits of the candidate’s proficiency by raising the level higher. When the speaker reaches the point that he or she can no longer sustain functional conversation, the interviewer can clearly see the limits of the candidate’s skills and knowledge.
  • Wind-down – This is the final phase, and it’s designed to return the candidate to the language level he or she is most comfortable with. The OPI exam ends on a positive note.

There are three possible scales for assessment, which are:

    ► The ACTFL scale that determines the candidate’s level somewhere between Novice and Superior
    ► Interagency Language Roundtable (ILR) scale with five levels between ILR 0 (No Proficiency) and ILR 5 (Functionally Native)
    ► The CEFR scale that determines the candidate’s level between A1 and C2

C- What is the Fee for Taking this Bulgarian Language Exam?

There are two versions of the exam, and the fee is determined based on your choice. These are:

  • The certified OPI exam, which is conducted by two raters. The official OPI certificate costs $136.88. 
  • The commercial OPI test that’s conducted by one rater and costs $109.12.

6. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Prepare for the Test

To pass your Bulgarian language exam successfully, you need to thoroughly prepare for it. Researching your preferred language test is very important, so that you’ll know in advance what requirements you have to conform to. Fortunately, BulgarianPod101.com has already done this research for you in this Bulgarian proficiency test guide, and we’ve provided you with the most important details about each Bulgarian language test you might be interested in taking. 

Now, we would also like to give you the best tips to pass your Bulgarian exam:

  • To get ready for your exam, you should spare at least 30 minutes a day for preparation. Don’t wait until the last minute, as you won’t have enough time to cover all of the required materials.
  • Make your test preparation fun by studying topics in Bulgarian that you’re interested in. This will definitely enrich your vocabulary and allow you to have fun at the same time. Moreover, some of the Bulgarian exams are based on the candidates’ favorite topics and hobbies, so it’s an advantage to learn as much of the vocabulary related to your hobby as possible. 
  • Don’t be mediocre in your preparation. Do as much as you can to learn the more-complex details of Bulgarian. Your extra effort will pay off during the exam.
  • Try to start using new words and phrases, as well as new grammar rules, immediately. The sooner you get used to them, the better; this is because using them right away ensures that they’ll become a part of your daily life. Use them multiple times per day until you’re confident using them.
  • While you do your daily chores, try to think about what you’re doing in Bulgarian. For example:

      ❖ Сега мия чиниите. (Sega miya chiniite.) — “Now, I wash the dishes.”
      ❖ А сега пускам пералнята. (A sega puskam peralnyata.) — “And now, I start the washing machine.”
      ❖ След това ще прибера масата. (Sled tova shte pribera masata.) — “Then, I will clear the table.”
  • If you don’t know some of the words you encounter, you can check them in your dictionary and repeat them until you remember them well. Another good option is to write new words on sticky notes and look at them every time you practice. This is a great option because it will also help you remember the right way to spell them.
  • Speak with your Bulgarian friends only in Bulgarian. Do not turn to English as soon as you meet difficulties.
  • Try to find some past Bulgarian exam papers online, so you can test your abilities. To avoid any surprises, show up more than ready for the test!

7. Conclusion

At BulgarianPod101.com, we believe that this Bulgarian proficiency test guide will help you get ready for any of the four Bulgarian language exams. However, you might still be interested in hiring a Bulgarian language expert who will better prepare you for your upcoming Bulgarian exam. You can choose your native Bulgarian teacher from our MyTeacher program to increase your chances of passing the test.

We would love to hear your opinion about this guide. Do you feel ready to pass a Bulgarian exam now, or do you need more information or practice? Let us know in the comments!

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Essential Vocabulary for Life Events in Bulgarian

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What is the most defining moment you will face this year? From memories that you immortalize in a million photographs, to days you never wish to remember, one thing’s for certain: big life events change you. The great poet, Bukowski, said, “We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well, that death will tremble to take us.” The older I get, the more I agree with him!

Talking about significant events in our lives is part of every person’s journey, regardless of creed or culture. If you’re planning to stay in Bulgaria for more than a quick visit, you’re sure to need at least a few ‘life events’ phrases that you can use. After all, many of these are shared experiences, and it’s generally expected that we will show up with good manners and warm wishes.

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Table of Contents

  1. Life Events
  2. Marriage Proposal Lines
  3. Talking About Age
  4. Conclusion

1. Life Events

Do you know how to say “Happy New Year” in Bulgarian? Well, the New Year is a pretty big deal that the whole world is in on! We celebrate until midnight, make mindful resolutions, and fill the night sky with the same happy words in hundreds of languages. No doubt, then, that you’ll want to know how to say it like a local!

Big life events are not all about fun times, though. Real life happens even when you’re traveling, and certain terminology will be very helpful to know. From talking about your new job to wishing your neighbors “Merry Christmas” in Bulgarian, here at BulgarianPod101, we’ve put together just the right vocabulary and phrases for you.

1- Birthday – рожден ден (rozhden den)

If you’re like me, any excuse to bring out a pen and scribble a note is a good one. When there’s a birthday, even better: hello, handwriting!

Your Bulgarian friend will love hearing you wish them a “Happy birthday” in Bulgarian, but how much more will they appreciate a thoughtful written message? Whether you write it on their Facebook wall or buy a cute card, your effort in Bulgarian is sure to get them smiling! Write it like this:

Честит Рожден ден
Chestit Rozhden den

Older Woman Blowing Out Candles on a Birthday Cake Surrounded by Friends.

Now that you know the words, I challenge you to put them to music and sing your own “Happy birthday” song in Bulgarian! It’s not impossible to figure out even more lyrics, once you start discovering the language from scratch.

2- Buy – купувам (kupuvam)

If there’s a special occasion, you might want to buy somebody a gift. As long as you’ve checked out Bulgarian etiquette on gift-giving (do a Google search for this!), it will be a lovely gesture. If you’re not sure what to buy, how about the awesome and universally-appealing gift of language? That’s a gift that won’t stop giving!

Two Women at a Counter in a Bookstore, One Buying a Book

3- Retire – пенсионирам се (pensioniram se)

If you’re planning to expand your mind and retire in Bulgaria, you can use this word to tell people why you seem to be on a perpetual vacation!

Retirement is also a great time to learn a new language, don’t you think? And you don’t have to do it alone! These days it’s possible to connect to a vibrant learning community at the click of a button. The added benefit of a Daily Dose of Language is that it keeps your brain cells alive and curious about the world. After all, it’s never too late to realize those long-ignored dreams of traveling the globe…

4- Graduation – дипломиране (diplomirane)

When attending a graduation ceremony in Bulgaria, be prepared for a lot of formal language! It will be a great opportunity to listen carefully and see if you can pick up differences from the everyday Bulgarian you hear.

Lecturer or University Dean Congratulating and Handing Over Graduation Certificate to a Young Man on Graduation Day.

5- Promotion – повишение (povishenie)

Next to vacation time, receiving a promotion is the one career highlight almost everyone looks forward to. And why wouldn’t you? Sure, it means more responsibility, but it also means more money and benefits and – the part I love most – a change of scenery! Even something as simple as looking out a new office window would boost my mood.

6- Anniversary – годишнина (godishnina)

Some anniversaries we anticipate with excitement, others with apprehension. They are days marking significant events in our lives that can be shared with just one person, or with a whole nation. Whether it’s a special day for you and a loved one, or for someone else you know, this word is crucial to know if you want to wish them a happy anniversary in Bulgarian.

7- Funeral – погребение (pogrebenie)

We tend to be uncomfortable talking about funerals in the west, but it’s an important conversation for families to have. Around the world, there are many different customs and rituals for saying goodbye to deceased loved ones – some vastly different to our own. When traveling in Bulgaria, if you happen to find yourself the unwitting observer of a funeral, take a quiet moment to appreciate the cultural ethos; even this can be an enriching experience for you.

8- Travel – пътувам (patuvam)

Travel – my favorite thing to do! Everything about the experience is thrilling and the best cure for boredom, depression, and uncertainty about your future. You will surely be forever changed, fellow traveler! But you already know this, don’t you? Well, now that you’re on the road to total Bulgarian immersion, I hope you’ve downloaded our IOS apps and have your Nook Book handy to keep yourself entertained on those long bus rides.

Young Female Tourist with a Backpack Taking a Photo of the Arc de Triomphe

9- Graduate – завършвам (zavarshvam)

If you have yet to graduate from university, will you be job-hunting in Bulgaria afterward? Forward-looking companies sometimes recruit talented students who are still in their final year. Of course, you could also do your final year abroad as an international student – an amazing experience if you’d love to be intellectually challenged and make a rainbow of foreign friends!

10- Wedding – сватба (svatba)

One of the most-loved traditions that humans have thought up, which you’ll encounter anywhere in the world, is a wedding. With all that romance in the air and months spent on preparations, a wedding is typically a feel-good affair. Two people pledge their eternal love to each other, ladies cry, single men look around for potential partners, and everybody has a happy day of merrymaking.

Ah, but how diverse we are in our expression of love! You will find more wedding traditions around the world than you can possibly imagine. From reciting love quotes to marrying a tree, the options leave no excuse to be boring!

Married Couple During Reception, Sitting at Their Table While a Young Man Gives a Wedding Speech

11- Move – премествам се (premestvam se)

I love Bulgaria, but I’m a nomad and tend to move around a lot, even within one country. What are the biggest emotions you typically feel when moving house? The experts say moving is a highly stressful event, but I think that depends on the circumstances. Transitional periods in our lives are physically and mentally demanding, but changing your environment is also an exciting adventure that promises new tomorrows!

12- Be born – роден (roden)

I was not born in 1993, nor was I born in Asia. I was born in the same year as Aishwarya Rai, Akon, and Monica Lewinsky, and on the same continent as Freddy Mercury. When and where were you born? More importantly – can you say it in Bulgarian?

13- Get a job – намирам работа (namiram rabota)

The thought of looking for a job in a new country can be daunting, but English speakers are in great demand in Bulgaria – you just have to do some research, make a few friends and get out there! Also, arming yourself with a few Bulgarian introductions that you can both say and write will give you a confidence boost. For example, can you write your name in Bulgarian?

Group of People in Gear that Represent a Number of Occupations.

14- Die – умирам (umiram)

Death is a universal experience and the final curtain on all other life events. How important is it, then, to fully live before we die? If all you have is a passport, a bucket list, and a willingness to learn some lingo, you can manifest those dreams!

15- Home – дом (dom)

If home is where the heart is, then my home is on a jungle island completely surrounded by the turquoise ocean. Right now, though, home is an isolation room with a view of half a dry palm tree and a tangle of telephone wires.

If you’re traveling to Bulgaria for an extended stay, you’ll soon be moving into a new home quite unlike anything you’ve experienced before!

Large, Double-Story House with Lit Windows.

16- Job – работа (rabota)

What job do you do? Does it allow you much time for travel, or for working on this fascinating language that has (so rightfully) grabbed your attention? Whatever your job, you are no doubt contributing to society in a unique way. If you’re doing what you love, you’re already on the road to your dream. If not, just remember that every single task is one more skill to add to your arsenal. With that attitude, your dream job is coming!

17- Birth – раждане (razhdane)

Random question: do you know the birth rate of Bulgaria?

If you’re lucky enough to be invited to see a friend’s baby just after they are born, you’ll have all my respect and all my envy. There is nothing cuter! Depending on which part of the country you’re in, you may find yourself bearing witness to some pretty unexpected birth customs. Enjoy this privilege!

Crying Newborn Baby Held By a Doctor or Nurse in a Hospital Theatre

18- Engaged – сгодявам се (sgodyavam se)

EE Cummings said, “Lovers alone wear sunlight,” and I think that’s most true at the moment she says “yes.” Getting engaged is something young girls dream of with stars in their eyes, and it truly is a magical experience – from the proposal, to wearing an engagement ring, to the big reveal!

In the world of Instagram, there’s no end to the antics as imaginative couples try more and more outrageous ways to share their engagement with the world. I love an airport flashmob, myself, but I’d rather be proposed to on a secluded beach – salt, sand, and all!

Engagement customs around the world vary greatly, and Bulgaria is no exception when it comes to interesting traditions. Learning their unique romantic ways will inspire you for when your turn comes.

Speaking of romance, do you know how to say “Happy Valentine’s Day” in Bulgarian?

19- Marry – женя (zhenya)

The one you marry will be the gem on a shore full of pebbles. They will be the one who truly mirrors your affection, shares your visions for the future, and wants all of you – the good, the bad and the inexplicable.

From thinking up a one-of-a-kind wedding, to having children, to growing old together, finding a twin flame to share life with is quite an accomplishment! Speaking of which…

2. Marriage Proposal Lines

Marriage Proposal Lines

Ah, that heart-stopping moment when your true love gets down on one knee to ask for your hand in marriage, breathlessly hoping that you’ll say “Yes!” If you haven’t experienced that – well, it feels pretty darn good, is all I can say! If you’re the one doing the asking, though, you’ve probably had weeks of insomnia agonizing over the perfect time, location and words to use.

Man on His Knee Proposing to a Woman on a Bridge.

How much more care should be taken if your love is from a different culture to yours? Well, by now you know her so well, that most of it should be easy to figure out. As long as you’ve considered her personal commitment to tradition, all you really need is a few words from the heart. Are you brave enough to say them in Bulgarian?

3. Talking About Age

Talking about Age

Part of the wonder of learning a new language is having the ability to strike up simple conversations with strangers. Asking about age in this context feels natural, as your intention is to practice friendly phrases – just be mindful of their point of view!

When I was 22, I loved being asked my age. Nowadays, if someone asks, I say, “Well, I’ve just started my fifth cat life.” Let them ponder that for a while.

In Bulgaria, it’s generally not desirable to ask an older woman her age for no good reason, but chatting about age with your peers is perfectly normal. Besides, you have to mention your birthday if you want to be thrown a birthday party!

4. Conclusion

Well, there you have it! With so many great new Bulgarian phrases to wish people with, can you think of someone who has a big event coming up? If you want to get even more creative, BulgarianPod101 has much to inspire you with – come and check it out! Here’s just some of what we have on offer at BulgarianPod101:

  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Bulgarian with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account – for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Bulgarian dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about BulgarianPod101…!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Bulgarian teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to – what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Bulgarian word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Bulgarian level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in BulgarianPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Bulgarian.

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