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Your Extensive Guide to Bulgarian Compliments

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Compliments provide encouragement that makes people feel valuable and important. These words can even improve their self-esteem and help them believe that they can achieve more. Moreover, compliments imply that you have something—whether it’s a great appearance, a cheerful character, or an exceptional mind—which other people find noteworthy. In fact, every person is unique and possesses something that he or she can receive compliments for.

Although Bulgarians are sparing with their praise and compliments, just like people of many other nations, they also love to get sincere compliments. You probably want to learn various Bulgarian compliments, such as how to compliment a Bulgarian girl or how to praise someone in Bulgarian. Or maybe you’re just curious what kind of compliments Bulgarian people give their friends?

You’re in the right place, as BulgarianPod101 will reveal to you a completely new part of Bulgarian culture. By the end of this guide, you’ll not only be able to offer someone praise in Bulgarian words, but also know how to accept compliments that Bulgarians give to you.

Table of Contents

  1. What Compliments will Impress Your Bulgarian Girlfriend?
  2. Bulgarian Compliments On Your Girlfriend/Boyfriend’s Look
  3. Bulgarian Compliments On Someone’s Work
  4. Bulgarian Compliments On Girlfriend/Boyfriend’s Skills
  5. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere?
  6. What to Expect After Giving Compliments?
  7. How to Avoid Awkward Situations When Making Compliments?
  8. Practice Time: What Compliments You Will Give to People in the Following 6 Situations?
  9. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Impress Other People with Your Bulgarian?

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1. What Compliments Will Impress Your Bulgarian Girlfriend?

Four Little Secrets For Building a Lasting Relationship with a Bulgarian Girl

There are a few surefire ways to impress your Bulgarian girlfriend. No, you don’t have to offer her a holiday in Miami or buy a star in the sky to make her happy. Here are four little secrets that can make a big turnaround in a timid relationship:

  • Be a real gentleman, as girls notice every act of attention. You’ll definitely attract her attention if you open the door for her, ask her for a date and bring her back home afterward, or show her some other little signs of care.
  • Pay the bill when you’re out together for dinner. Even if a lady can afford to pay her bill, a gentleman will show his sincere interest by paying the bills.
  • Give her some little presents, even without a reason. It doesn’t have to be something expensive; it could be a flower or something small, for example. The gift will show her that you’re thinking about her.
  • Offer her compliments in Bulgarian every time you see her. This will maintain the flame of love.

Keep Giving Her Compliments!

What Bulgarian Compliments Will Make Her Happy?

Now, let’s learn some beautiful compliments to tell a girl in Bulgarian. Let’s start with “You are beautiful!” in Bulgarian.

  • Много си красива!
    Mnogo si krasiva
    You are so beautiful!
  • Толкова си интелигентна!
    Tolkova si inteligentna
    You are so smart!
  • С теб може да се говори на толкова много теми!
    S teb mozhe da se govori na tolkova mnogo temi
    You can talk about so many topics!

This compliment is equivalent to “You are so smart!” but it’s not so direct. So by using it, you can just hint at her intelligence, which will definitely make your Bulgarian girlfriend happy during the initial stage of your relationship!

    Смехът ти е очарователен!
    Smehat ti e ocharovatelen
    Your laugh is charming!

This also tells her that you like to see her happy.

Now, let’s learn some more Bulgarian flirting phrases:

  • Имаш толкова нежен глас, че мога да те слушам с часове!
    Imash tolkova nezhen glas, she moga da te slusham s chasove
    You have such a gentle voice that I can listen to you for hours!
  • Очите ти са толкова дълбоки, че мога да потъна в тях!
    Ochite ti sa tolkova dalboki, che moga da potana v tyah
    Your eyes are so deep that I can sink into them!
  • Нямам търпение да се срещнем отново!
    Nyamam tarpenie da se sreshtnem otnovo
    I can’t wait to meet you again!

This compliment will assure her that you like her a lot, and that you would like to spend much more time with her.

What if You Have a Bulgarian Boyfriend?

Just like girls, boys and men also need to receive compliments to know that they’re valuable in their partner’s eyes. Here’s a list of Bulgarian romantic phrases and compliments that a foreign girl can learn to impress her Bulgarian boyfriend.

  • Вярвам в теб!
    Vyarvam v tep
    I believe in you!

It’s very important for a man to know that the girl he likes trusts in him. If you do, tell him so.

  • Голям майстор си!
    Golyam maystor si
    You’re an expert in your field!
  • Хората искат да работят с теб, защото се доверяват на твоите способности!
    Horata iskat da rabotyat s tep, zashtoto se doveryavat na tvoite sposobnosti
    People want to work with you because they trust your abilities!
  • Ти си и талантлив, и трудолюбив!
    Ti si i talantlif, i trudolyubif
    You are both talented and hardworking!

All three of the compliments above are important for men to hear, because they emphasize their skills and achievements. A man who works hard and is independent is a reliable man who can maintain his own family. So use these compliments to show that you’re impressed with his achievements.

  • Вече си постигнал толкова много в живота си!
    Veche si postignal tolkova mnogo v zhivota si
    You’ve already achieved so much in your life!
  • Мисля, че притежаваш качества, които не се срещат в много други мъже!
    Mislya che pritezhavash kachestva koito ne se sreshtat v mnogo drugi mazhe
    I think you have qualities that many other men don’t have!
  • Ти си толкова мил с мен!
    Ti si tolkova mil s men
    You are so kind to me!
  • Мнението ти е важно за мен!
    Mnenieto ti e vazhno za men
    Your opinion is important to me!

By saying this, you make your man a part of your life; it means that you’ll not only consider, but also follow, his advice.

Give Compliments to Your Bulgarian Boyfriend!

2. Bulgarian Compliments on Your Girlfriend’s/Boyfriend’s Look

Tell These Bulgarian Compliments to Your Girlfriend

  • Истинска ли си?
    Istinska li si
    Are you real?
  • Ти си прекрасна жена!
    Ti si prekrasna zhena
    You are a wonderful woman!
  • Изглеждаш като Джулия Робъртс!
    Izglezhdash kato Dzhuliya Robarts
    You look like Julia Roberts!
  • Ти си красива и отвътре, и отвън!
    Ti si krasiva i otvatre i otvan
    You are beautiful both inside and outside!
  • Ти си моята причина да бъда щастлив!
    Ti si moyata prichina da bada shtastlif
    You are my reason to be happy!

You Are a Wonderful Woman!

Tell These Bulgarian Compliments to Your Boyfriend

  • Истински ли си?
    Istinski li si
    Are you real?
  • Ти си прекрасен мъж!
    Ti si prekrasen mazh
    You are a wonderful man!
  • Изглеждаш като Арнолд Шварценегер.
    Izglezhdash kato Arnold Shvartseneger
    You look like Arnold Schwarzenegger!
  • Ти си красив и отвътре, и отвън.
    Ti si krasiv i otvatre i otvan
    You are beautiful both inside and outside!
  • Ти си моята причина да бъда щастливa.
    Ti si moyata prichina da bŭda shtastliva
    You are my reason to be happy!

Compliments That Fit for Both Genders

  • Не мога да си представя света без теб!
    Ne moga da si predstavya sveta bez tep
    I can’t imagine the world without you!
  • Искам дъщеря ми да прилича на теб.
    Iskam dashterya mi da prilicha na tep
    I want my daughter to look like you!
  • Не усещам как минава времето, когато съм с теб!
    Ne useshtam kak minava vremeto, kogato sam s tep
    I can’t feel the time when I’m with you!

Funny Compliments on Your Girlfriend’s/Boyfriend’s Look

Sometimes, a little joke can break the tension and make your boyfriend or girlfriend relax. Laughter brings people together, so it might be useful to learn the following funny compliments and use them at the right time:

  • Толкова си сладка, че ще те изям!
    Tolkova si sladka, che shte te izyam
    You are so sweet that I will eat you up!
  • Ти си като елексир на живота!
    Ti si kato eleksir na zhivota
    You are like the elixir of life!
  • Когато те видя, всичко останало изчезва!
    Kogato te vidya, vsichko ostanalo izchezva
    When I see you, everything else disappears!
  • Колко си красива днес! Също като мен!
    Kolko si krasiva dnes! Sashto kato men
    How beautiful you are today! Just like me!
    → BulgarianPod101.com offers Bulgarian lessons for beginners. Click here to learn three ways to say thank you to the Bulgarian person you really like.

3. Bulgarian Compliments on Someone’s Work

Although it’s nice to get compliments about your looks, many people like hearing compliments about their work even more. This praise means that your friends appreciate what you’ve done and acknowledge that you’re a master in something.

To make other people happy, you can learn the right way to compliment in Bulgaria. Here are some examples that you can apply in your work environment:

  • Свърши чудесна работа!
    Svarshi chudesna rabota
    You did a great job!
  • Ти си много вдъхновяваща личност!
    Ti si mnogo vdahnovyavashta lichnost
    You are a very inspiring person!
  • Вярвам ти и те ценя!
    Vyarvam ti i te tsenya
    I trust you and I appreciate you!
  • Поздравявам те за начина, по който се справи със ситуацията!
    Pozdravyavam te za nachina, po koyto se spravi sas situatsiyata
    I congratulate you on the way you handled the situation!
  • Имам нужда от твоя съвет!
    Imam nuzhda ot tvoya savet
    I need your advice!

You Did a Great Job!

Funny Compliments on Someone’s Work

If you want to lighten up the situation with some humor, use one of the following funny compliments in Bulgarian:

  • Добра работа, но можеше да е още по-добрa!
    Dobra rabota, no mozheshe da e oshte po-dobra
    Good job, but it could have been even better!
  • Никой не може да се сравнява с теб!
    Nikoy ne mozhe da se sravnyava s tep
    No one can compare to you!
  • Хората в живота ти са късметлии, че те имат!
    Horata v zhivota ti sa kasmetlii, che te imat
    The people in your life are lucky to have you!
  • Личи си, че се учиш!
    Lichi si, che se uchish
    You seem to be learning!

4. Bulgarian Compliments on Your Girlfriend’s/Boyfriend’s Skills

To praise your boyfriend’s/girlfriend’s skills means that you acknowledge their talents and are inspired by their personality. By complimenting their skills, you show the other person that they’re valuable in your eyes. Here are some ways to demonstrate your deep appreciation:

  • Обичам начина, по който ме караш да мисля!
    Obicham nachina, po koyto me karash da mislya
    I love the way you make me think!
  • Постоянно ми напомняш, че хората са добри!
    Postoyanno mi napomnyash, che horata sa dobri
    You keep reminding me that people are good!
  • Светът би бил толкова скучен без теб!
    Svetat bi bil tolkova skuchen bez teb
    The world would be so boring without you!
  • Душата ти е великолепна!
    Dushata ti e velikolepna
    You have a magnificent soul!
  • Имаш толкова добро сърце!
    Imash tolkova dobro sartse
    You have such a good heart!
  • Никога не спирай да бъдеш това, което си!
    Nikoga ne spiray da badesh tova, koeto si
    Never stop being who you are!
  • Ти ме караш да вярвам в доброто!
    Ti me karash da vyarvam v dobroto
    You make me believe in good!

Funny Compliments on Your Girlfriend’s/Boyfriend’s Skills

Add more fun to the conversation by using one of these Bulgarian compliments:

  • Умен си колкото двама глупави!
    Umen si kolkoto dvama glupavi
    You are as smart as two stupid people!
  • Сърцето ти е десет пъти по-голямо от средното!
    Sartseto ti e deset pati po-golyamo ot srednoto
    Your heart is ten times larger than the average heart!
  • Не си толкова глупав, колкото позволяваш на хората да мислят за теб!
    Ne si tolkova glupav, kolkoto pozvolyavash na horata da mislyat za tep
    You’re not as stupid as you allow people to think about you!
  • Има ли ден, който не си направил по-добър?
    Ima li den, koyto ne si napravil po-dobar
    Is there a day you didn’t make better?

5. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere

Bulgarian people love to get compliments—when they’re sincere. These praises not only tell them that the person they’re speaking with finds them valuable, but compliments also encourage them to make further improvements. To achieve this effect, we need to know how to make a good compliment in Bulgarian.

Indirect Compliments

There are indirect compliments you may find useful in your conversations with Bulgarians. You can use the following Bulgarian compliments after you successfully finish a project with others.

  • Колко сме умни!
    Kolko sme umni
    How smart we are!
  • Браво на нас!
    Bravo na nas
    Good on us!

If you’re not sure how the person will receive your compliment, you can offer a compliment that’s less emotional. For example, you can say kind words about something they own:

  • Каква страхотна кола имаш!
    Kakva strakhotna kola imash
    What a great car you have!
  • Имаш много хубава къща!
    Imash mnogo hubava kashta!
    You have a very nice house!

Direct Compliments

In order to make a direct compliment on someone’s look sincere, take a closer look at the person and note exactly what you like about him/her. It may sound like:

  • Имаш страхотна прическа!
    Imash strahotna pricheska
    You have a great hairstyle!
  • Тази рокля ти стои чудесно!
    Tazi roklya ti stoi chudesno
    This dress looks great on you!

Sincere Compliments with Facts

To make your direct compliments sound more sincere, add some irrefutable fact to them.

  • Чудесен тен. Изглеждаш неотразимо!
    Chudesen ten. Izglezhdash neotrazimo
    Great tan. You look irresistible!
  • Каква красива рокля. В нея си просто очарователна!
    Kakva krasiva roklya. V neya si prosto ocharovatelna
    What a beautiful dress. You’re indeed charming!
  • Перфектна работа! Благодарение на нея нарастват печалбите на фирмата.
    Perfektna rabota! Blagodarenie na neya narastvat pechalbite na firmata
    Perfect job! Thanks to it, the company’s profits increased!

6. What to Expect After Giving Compliments

Although they like receiving compliments, Bulgarians may be shy about it. The most typical reaction to a compliment will be:

  • Благодаря (Blagodarya), “Thank you!
  • Благодаря! Много мило! (Blagodarya! Mnogo milo!), “Thank you! Very kind of you!

But sometimes, the person you’re speaking with might be too shy and try to oppose the compliment. For example, if you tell her “Oh, what a lovely dress you have today!” she might say: “Nothing special.

In Bulgarian, it will sound like this:

  • О, каква прекрасна рокля носиш днес!
    O, kakva prekrasna roklya nosish dnes
    Oh, what a beautiful dress you are wearing today!
  • Нищо особено!
    Nishto osobeno
    Nothing special.

This doesn’t mean that your interlocutor doesn’t like your compliment. Usually, it means that she or he is shy. In a case like that, you can just add:

  • Наистина, много ми харесва!
    Naistina, mnogo mi haresva
    Indeed, I like it a lot!

After such a comment, most Bulgarians will say: “Thank you!”

Now, watch the following video to find out the best ways of accepting a compliment in Bulgarian:

7. How to Avoid Awkward Situations When Making Compliments

You have to be careful when giving compliments in specific situations, as your compliments might not be considered appropriate.

Such a situation may be giving compliments about a girl’s look in the presence of her boyfriend or husband. It’s not okay to praise a woman’s beauty in this case. Instead, you can say a compliment that includes both of them as a couple. For example:

  • Изглеждате чудесно като двойка!
    Izglezhdate chudesno kato dvoyka
    You look great as a couple!

Or

  • Много си подхождате!
    Mnogo si podhozhdate
    You are so matching!

You should also avoid accidentally giving weird Bulgarian compliments on someone’s look, which can happen if that person has a physical disability. In that case, you can just emphasize on his good character or skills. For example:

  • Голям майстор си!
    Golyam maystor si
    You are an expert in your field!

Or

  • В това си ненадминат!
    V tova si nenadminat
    You are unsurpassed in this!

Compliments

8. Practice Time: What Compliments Will You Give to People in the Following Situations?

Now that you’ve learned a lot of Bulgarian compliments, it’s time to practice them in real-life situations. Your task will be to choose the right compliment to say for each specific situation described below. You can write down your answers now and check the correct answers at the end of this article.

Situation #1

You’re in the market searching for good apples to buy. You see very nice apples on the stall and you would like to give a compliment to the seller, who is standing beside them. What are you going to say?

Situation #2

Your colleague has offered you help, as you’re new to the company. He explained to you all of the details related to your working position. What compliment will you tell him/her to thank them for their kindness?

Situation #3

Your friend has a new hairstyle. What will you say to him/her?

Situation #4

You have a date with a Bulgarian girl. She looks really beautiful! What compliment will you give her?

Situation #5

You take a bus. There are no seats available, but a young man stands up to give you his seat. What will you tell him?

Situation #6

You were invited to your friend’s house, and the dinner you ate was very delicious. What will you tell the lady of the house?

9. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Impress Other People with Your Bulgarian

BulgarianPod101 prepared this extensive guide on Bulgarian compliments not only to help you learn about compliments in Bulgarian culture, but also to help you feel more confident in your Bulgarian skills during a date with a Bulgarian man or woman. If you need even more detailed explanations about this topic or help in specific situations, you can turn to a Bulgarian language expert using our MyTeacher program. You’ll find an excellent coach who will understand your needs and determine the right learning approach to improve your language skills.

If you’ve met some difficulties completing the practical exercises in Section 8, you can share them in the comments below. We’re always happy to hear from you and to support you in your struggles. We’ll also appreciate hearing your thoughts on this article!

Answers to Section 8: Practice Time

Situation #1

  • Много хубави ябълки!
    Mnogo hubavi yabalki
    Very nice apples!

Situation #2

  • Много мило от твоя страна! Благодаря за помощта!
    Mnogo milo ot tvoya strana! Blagodarya za pomoshta
    Very nice of you! Thanks for the help!

Situation #3

  • Много хубава прическа! Много ти отива!
    Mnogo hubava pricheska! Mnogo ti otiva
    Very nice hairstyle! It really suits you much!

Situation #4

  • Изглеждаш страхотно!
    Izglezhdash strahotno
    You look great!

Situation #5

In this case, we’ll use the formal Ваша instead of the informal твоя.

  • Много мило от Ваша страна! Благодаря!
    Mnogo milo ot Vasha strana! Blagodarya
    Very kind of you! Thank you!

Situation #6

  • Много e вкусно! Благодаря!
    Mnogo е fkusno! Blagodarya
    It’s very tasty! Thank you!

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Get Angry in Bulgarian with Phrases for Any Situation!

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Anger is a natural response to pain of some sort; when you’re angry, you’re angry with a cause and want someone to pay! It’s so much harder when you’re traveling, because your routines are off-kilter, there’s culture shock to deal with and the smallest problems can seem overwhelming. How do you handle someone who’s just pushed your last button?

At home, we often have a go-to person who is good at calming us down, but emotions are tricky to deal with in a foreign country. Sometimes people may treat you unfairly, but you’re completely baffled as to why. You have to remember that people in Bulgaria think differently to how you do and it’s not impossible to inadvertently cause offense. Don’t stress about it too much, because you’ll adapt! Once you feel at home in Bulgaria and people get to know you, it will be easy to flow with the local rhythm and handle tensions well.

This brings us to two obvious reasons why you should learn some angry phrases in Bulgarian: first, so you can understand when you’ve upset a Bulgarian person, and second, to have the vocabulary to tell a person off when they absolutely have it coming. Not only will you be far more likely to solve the problem if you know some appropriate angry Bulgarian phrases, but you’ll probably earn some respect, too! At BulgarianPod101 we’re ready to help you articulate those feelings.

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Table of Contents

  1. Bulgarian phrases to use when you’re angry
  2. Feeling negative in Bulgarian
  3. Conclusion

1. Bulgarian phrases to use when you’re angry

Complaints

Okay, so you’ve had a very frustrating day at your new teaching job in Bulgaria and all you want to do is chill on your bed with ice-cream and a Nook Book, but you come home to find your landlord in your apartment, apparently doing an inspection of your personal possessions. How do you handle it? Do you have an angry Bulgarian translation for “What the heck are you doing?”

If there’s one thing I’ve learned about confronting someone in their own country, it’s to press the pause button on my reactions and think first! Is my first thought worth expressing? Sometimes, you need to think like a chess player: if I make this move, what will happen next?

It’s always better to think ‘win-win’ in Bulgaria. A good tactic is to keep a mental note of your personal speed limit before engaging. After all, you want a positive outcome!

So, do you know how to say “I am angry” in Bulgarian? You will – BulgarianPod101 is about to teach you how to get mad! Here are fifteen great angry phrases in Bulgarian.

1- It’s none of your business. – Не е твоя работа (Ne e tvoya rabota).

As a foreigner in Bulgaria, you’ll be a topic of interest. While most folks understand boundaries, there’s always that one individual who doesn’t!

Sometimes you feel that a person is getting way too involved in your affairs, and this expression is a commonly-used one for letting them know that. If said calmly and firmly, while looking them in the eye, it should do the trick and even earn you some respect.

Angry Blonde Girl Holding Up Her Hands to Warn Someone Away

2- I’m upset. – Разстроен съм (Razstroen sam).

I find this phrase useful for times when I need to express annoyance to someone I can’t afford to lose my temper with. A boss, for instance. As long as you say it without yelling, this can be a polite way of letting someone know that you are feeling bad and that you want those feelings validated. No matter what has happened, the result is that you are troubled and need some time to get over it. Depending on how you say it, “I’m upset” can also be a subtle invitation for the other party to address the problem.

3- You’re not listening to me. – Ти не ме слушаш (Ti ne me slushash).

Isn’t this the most frustrating thing? You’re in a situation where you’re telling someone why you’re mad at them, but they just won’t look at the story from your point of view. Rather than resort to bad language, try to convince them to take a breather and hear you out. This expression is a great way to ask someone to stop talking and to listen to you properly.

Asian Couple Fighting Head-to-Head, Woman Blocking Her Ears

4- Watch your mouth. – Не ми говори така (Ne mi govori taka).

Where have you heard this before? Let your mind go back to all the times you were cheeky and disrespectful in your youth… that’s right – it was your parents! If you’re on the receiving end, this angry phrase means that you said something you shouldn’t have. It has an authoritative, challenging tone and it implies that there could be consequences if you don’t stop.

So, when can you use it? Well, be careful with this one; it may very well get you in trouble if not used with caution. It can also be seen as very rude if used on anyone you don’t actually have authority over!

5- That’s enough. – Достатъчно (Dostatachno)!

Depending on your tone of voice when you say this, you could be calmly telling someone to stop doing what they’re doing, or you could be sternly ordering them to stop. In Bulgarian, as in English, tone is key when it comes to making yourself understood. Just don’t be saying this to anyone, as it carries an authoritative tone and would be seen as rude if said to an older person.

Angry School Mistress Shaking a Ruler As If Reprimanding

6- Stop it. – Прекрати (Prekrati)!

One of the more common imperatives in any language, this is a basic way to warn somebody that you don’t like what they’re doing and want them to stop. You can use it in most situations where a person is getting under your skin. Often, “Stop it” precedes some of the weightier phrases one resorts to if the offender doesn’t stop and anger escalates. For this reason, I always add a “Please” and hope for the best!

7- Cut it out. – Престани (Prestani).

I think parents and teachers everywhere, throughout time, have heard variations of this expression of annoyance for as long as we’ve had tweens and teens on Earth! It’s a go-to command, thrown about frequently between siblings and peers, to stop being irritating. You’d generally use this on people you consider your relative equals – even though in the moment, you probably consider them low enough to stomp on!

8- What the heck are you doing? – Какво правиш по дяволите (Kakvo pravish po dyavolite)?

Here’s an interjection for those instances when you can scarcely believe what you’re seeing. It denotes incredulity ranging from mild disbelief to total disgust or dismay. You would typically use this when you want an action to stop immediately, because it’s wrong – at least, in your perception of things.

It may be worth remembering that the English word “heck” doesn’t have a direct translation in Bulgarian – or in other languages, for that matter; most translations are more accurately saying “What the hell.” We say “heck” in English as a euphemism, but that word is thought to come from “hex” – an ancient word for “spell” – so I don’t know which is better!

9- Who do you think you are? – За кого се мислиш (Za kogo se mislish)?

I avoid this expression as it makes me nervous! It’s quite confrontational. I’m reminded of the time a clerk in a busy cellular network service store was being rude to me and a rich-looking man came to my rescue, aiming this phrase at the clerk loudly and repeatedly. At first, I was relieved to have someone on my side, but I quickly grew embarrassed at the scene he was causing.

Using this phrase has a tendency to make you sound like you feel superior, so take it easy. The irony, of course, is that someone who provokes this response is taking a position of authority or privilege that they aren’t entitled to! Now you look like two bears having a stand-off.

They call this an ‘ad hominem’ argument, meaning the focus has shifted from attacking the problem, to attacking the person. So, is it a good phrase to use? That’s up to you. If you’re in the moment and someone’s attitude needs adjusting – go for it!

Man and Woman Arguing, with White Alphabet Letters Coming from the Man’s Mouth and White Question Marks Above the Woman

10- What?! – Какво е това (Kakvo e tova)?

An expression of disbelief, this is frequently said mid-argument, in a heated tone, and it means you cannot believe what you’re hearing. In other words, it conveys the message that the other person is talking nonsense or lying.

11- I don’t want to talk to you. – Не искам да говоря с теб (Ne iskam da govorya s teb).

This is a great bit of vocab for a traveler – especially for a woman traveling solo. Whether you’re being harassed while trying to read your Kindle on the train, or hit on by a drunk man in a bar, chances are that sooner or later, you will encounter a character you don’t wish to speak to.

The most straightforward way to make the message clear is to simply tell them, “I don’t want to talk to you”. If you feel threatened, be calm and use your body language: stand straight, look them in the eye and say the words firmly. Then move away deliberately. Hopefully, they will leave you alone. I’d go so far as to say learn this phrase off-by-heart and practice your pronunciation until you can say it like a strong modern Bulgarian woman!

Highly Annoyed Redhead Girl Holding Up Her Hands As If to Say “Stop!”

12- Are you kidding me? – Ти майтапиш ли се с мен (Ti maytapish li se s men)?

To be ‘kidding’ means to joke with someone in a childlike way and it’s used both in fun and in anger. Like some other expressions, it needs context for the mood to be clear, but it pretty much conveys annoyed disbelief. You can use it when a person says or does something unpleasantly surprising, or that seems unlikely to be serious or true. It’s a rhetorical question, of course; try to familiarize yourself with how it sounds in Bulgarian, so next time it’s aimed at you, you don’t hunt your inner Bulgarian lexicon for an answer!

Dark-haired Girl Giving a Very Dirty Look, with One Hand on Her Hip and Holding a Gift Box with Apparent Disgust

13- This is so frustrating. – Това направо ме побърква (Tova napravo me pobarkva).

Another way of showing someone you have an intense battle going on inside, is to just tell them you’re terribly frustrated and feeling desperate to find a solution. Use this expression! It can be a useful tool to bring the other person into your headspace and maybe even evoke some degree of empathy from them. More polite than many others, it’s a sentence that seems to say, “I beg you to work with me so we can resolve this!”

Asian Man Yelling, Bent Forward, with His Hands Held Up Next to His Head

14- Shut up. – Млъкни (Mlakni).

The use of the phrase “shut up” to signify “hold one’s tongue” dates back to the sixteenth century and was even used by Shakespeare as an insult – with various creative twists! It’s been evolving ever since and there are variations in just about every language – proving that no matter where you come from, angry emotions are universal!

One example of old usage is a poem Rudyard Kipling wrote in 1892, where a seasoned military veteran says to the troops: “Now all you recruities what’s drafted to-day, You shut up your rag-box an’ ‘ark to my lay.”

Well, when I was twelve and full of spirit, I was taught that nice girls don’t say this. “Shut up” is an imperative that’s considered impolite; it’s one of those expressions people resort to when they either can’t think of better words to use, or simply can’t bear to listen to any more nonsense. Either way, it’s at the lower end of the smart argument scale. Like all angry phrases, though, it does have its uses!

15- So what? – И какво толкова (I kakvo tolkova)?

When you don’t believe the other person’s defense argument legitimizes or justifies their actions, you might say these words. Basically, you’re telling them they need to come up with better logic!

Another time you could use this one, is when you simply don’t care for someone’s criticism of you. Perhaps you don’t agree with them, or they’re being unfair and you need to defend your position. “So what?” tells them you feel somewhat indignant and don’t believe you’re in the wrong.

2. Feeling negative in Bulgarian

Negative Feelings

What was the most recent negative emotion you felt? Were you nervous about an exam? Exhausted and homesick from lack of sleep? Maybe you felt frightened and confused about the impact COVID-19 would have on your travel plans. If you’re human, you have days when you just want the whole world to leave you alone – and that’s okay!

When you’re feeling blue, there’s only so much body language can do. Rather than keeping people guessing why you’re in a bad mood, just tell them! Your Bulgarian friends and colleagues will be much more likely to give you your space (or a hug) if they know what’s wrong. Not only that, but it’s nice to give new friends the opportunity to be supportive. Bring on the bonding!

The fastest way to learn to describe negative feelings in Bulgaria, is to get into the habit of identifying your own mood daily in Bulgarian. Here’s an easy way: in your travel journal, simply write down the Bulgarian word for how you feel each morning. You can get all the words directly from us at BulgarianPod101. Remember, also, that we have a huge online community if you need a friend to talk to. We’ve got you!

3. Conclusion

Now that you know how to express your bad feelings in Bulgarian, why not check out some other cool things on our site? You can sign up for the amazing free lifetime account – it’s a great place to start learning!

And really – make the most of your alone time. After all, it’s been proven that learning a new language not only benefits cognitive abilities like intelligence and memory, but it also slows down the brain’s aging. So, on those days when you just need to be away from people, we have some brain-boosting suggestions that will lift your spirits:

  • Have you heard of Roku? A Roku player is a device that lets you easily enjoy streaming, which means accessing entertainment via the internet on your TV. We have over 30 languages you can learn with Innovative Language TV. Lie back and enjoy!
  • If you like your Apple devices, we have over 690 iPhone and iPad apps in over 40 languages – did you know that? The Visual Dictionary Pro, for example, is super fun and makes learning vocab easy. For Android lovers, we have over 100 apps on the Android market, too.
  • You can also just kick back on the couch and close your eyes, letting your headphones do the work with our audiobooks – great for learning the culture while you master the language. Similarly, if you’re more of a reader, we have some fantastic iBooks that are super interesting and fun for practicing your daily conversation skills.

Whatever your learning style (or your mood), you’ll find something that appeals to you at BulgarianPod101. Come join us!

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Essential Vocabulary for Life Events in Bulgarian

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What is the most defining moment you will face this year? From memories that you immortalize in a million photographs, to days you never wish to remember, one thing’s for certain: big life events change you. The great poet, Bukowski, said, “We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well, that death will tremble to take us.” The older I get, the more I agree with him!

Talking about significant events in our lives is part of every person’s journey, regardless of creed or culture. If you’re planning to stay in Bulgaria for more than a quick visit, you’re sure to need at least a few ‘life events’ phrases that you can use. After all, many of these are shared experiences, and it’s generally expected that we will show up with good manners and warm wishes.

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Table of Contents

  1. Life Events
  2. Marriage Proposal Lines
  3. Talking About Age
  4. Conclusion

1. Life Events

Do you know how to say “Happy New Year” in Bulgarian? Well, the New Year is a pretty big deal that the whole world is in on! We celebrate until midnight, make mindful resolutions, and fill the night sky with the same happy words in hundreds of languages. No doubt, then, that you’ll want to know how to say it like a local!

Big life events are not all about fun times, though. Real life happens even when you’re traveling, and certain terminology will be very helpful to know. From talking about your new job to wishing your neighbors “Merry Christmas” in Bulgarian, here at BulgarianPod101, we’ve put together just the right vocabulary and phrases for you.

1- Birthday – рожден ден (rozhden den)

If you’re like me, any excuse to bring out a pen and scribble a note is a good one. When there’s a birthday, even better: hello, handwriting!

Your Bulgarian friend will love hearing you wish them a “Happy birthday” in Bulgarian, but how much more will they appreciate a thoughtful written message? Whether you write it on their Facebook wall or buy a cute card, your effort in Bulgarian is sure to get them smiling! Write it like this:

Честит Рожден ден
Chestit Rozhden den

Older Woman Blowing Out Candles on a Birthday Cake Surrounded by Friends.

Now that you know the words, I challenge you to put them to music and sing your own “Happy birthday” song in Bulgarian! It’s not impossible to figure out even more lyrics, once you start discovering the language from scratch.

2- Buy – купувам (kupuvam)

If there’s a special occasion, you might want to buy somebody a gift. As long as you’ve checked out Bulgarian etiquette on gift-giving (do a Google search for this!), it will be a lovely gesture. If you’re not sure what to buy, how about the awesome and universally-appealing gift of language? That’s a gift that won’t stop giving!

Two Women at a Counter in a Bookstore, One Buying a Book

3- Retire – пенсионирам се (pensioniram se)

If you’re planning to expand your mind and retire in Bulgaria, you can use this word to tell people why you seem to be on a perpetual vacation!

Retirement is also a great time to learn a new language, don’t you think? And you don’t have to do it alone! These days it’s possible to connect to a vibrant learning community at the click of a button. The added benefit of a Daily Dose of Language is that it keeps your brain cells alive and curious about the world. After all, it’s never too late to realize those long-ignored dreams of traveling the globe…

4- Graduation – дипломиране (diplomirane)

When attending a graduation ceremony in Bulgaria, be prepared for a lot of formal language! It will be a great opportunity to listen carefully and see if you can pick up differences from the everyday Bulgarian you hear.

Lecturer or University Dean Congratulating and Handing Over Graduation Certificate to a Young Man on Graduation Day.

5- Promotion – повишение (povishenie)

Next to vacation time, receiving a promotion is the one career highlight almost everyone looks forward to. And why wouldn’t you? Sure, it means more responsibility, but it also means more money and benefits and – the part I love most – a change of scenery! Even something as simple as looking out a new office window would boost my mood.

6- Anniversary – годишнина (godishnina)

Some anniversaries we anticipate with excitement, others with apprehension. They are days marking significant events in our lives that can be shared with just one person, or with a whole nation. Whether it’s a special day for you and a loved one, or for someone else you know, this word is crucial to know if you want to wish them a happy anniversary in Bulgarian.

7- Funeral – погребение (pogrebenie)

We tend to be uncomfortable talking about funerals in the west, but it’s an important conversation for families to have. Around the world, there are many different customs and rituals for saying goodbye to deceased loved ones – some vastly different to our own. When traveling in Bulgaria, if you happen to find yourself the unwitting observer of a funeral, take a quiet moment to appreciate the cultural ethos; even this can be an enriching experience for you.

8- Travel – пътувам (patuvam)

Travel – my favorite thing to do! Everything about the experience is thrilling and the best cure for boredom, depression, and uncertainty about your future. You will surely be forever changed, fellow traveler! But you already know this, don’t you? Well, now that you’re on the road to total Bulgarian immersion, I hope you’ve downloaded our IOS apps and have your Nook Book handy to keep yourself entertained on those long bus rides.

Young Female Tourist with a Backpack Taking a Photo of the Arc de Triomphe

9- Graduate – завършвам (zavarshvam)

If you have yet to graduate from university, will you be job-hunting in Bulgaria afterward? Forward-looking companies sometimes recruit talented students who are still in their final year. Of course, you could also do your final year abroad as an international student – an amazing experience if you’d love to be intellectually challenged and make a rainbow of foreign friends!

10- Wedding – сватба (svatba)

One of the most-loved traditions that humans have thought up, which you’ll encounter anywhere in the world, is a wedding. With all that romance in the air and months spent on preparations, a wedding is typically a feel-good affair. Two people pledge their eternal love to each other, ladies cry, single men look around for potential partners, and everybody has a happy day of merrymaking.

Ah, but how diverse we are in our expression of love! You will find more wedding traditions around the world than you can possibly imagine. From reciting love quotes to marrying a tree, the options leave no excuse to be boring!

Married Couple During Reception, Sitting at Their Table While a Young Man Gives a Wedding Speech

11- Move – премествам се (premestvam se)

I love Bulgaria, but I’m a nomad and tend to move around a lot, even within one country. What are the biggest emotions you typically feel when moving house? The experts say moving is a highly stressful event, but I think that depends on the circumstances. Transitional periods in our lives are physically and mentally demanding, but changing your environment is also an exciting adventure that promises new tomorrows!

12- Be born – роден (roden)

I was not born in 1993, nor was I born in Asia. I was born in the same year as Aishwarya Rai, Akon, and Monica Lewinsky, and on the same continent as Freddy Mercury. When and where were you born? More importantly – can you say it in Bulgarian?

13- Get a job – намирам работа (namiram rabota)

The thought of looking for a job in a new country can be daunting, but English speakers are in great demand in Bulgaria – you just have to do some research, make a few friends and get out there! Also, arming yourself with a few Bulgarian introductions that you can both say and write will give you a confidence boost. For example, can you write your name in Bulgarian?

Group of People in Gear that Represent a Number of Occupations.

14- Die – умирам (umiram)

Death is a universal experience and the final curtain on all other life events. How important is it, then, to fully live before we die? If all you have is a passport, a bucket list, and a willingness to learn some lingo, you can manifest those dreams!

15- Home – дом (dom)

If home is where the heart is, then my home is on a jungle island completely surrounded by the turquoise ocean. Right now, though, home is an isolation room with a view of half a dry palm tree and a tangle of telephone wires.

If you’re traveling to Bulgaria for an extended stay, you’ll soon be moving into a new home quite unlike anything you’ve experienced before!

Large, Double-Story House with Lit Windows.

16- Job – работа (rabota)

What job do you do? Does it allow you much time for travel, or for working on this fascinating language that has (so rightfully) grabbed your attention? Whatever your job, you are no doubt contributing to society in a unique way. If you’re doing what you love, you’re already on the road to your dream. If not, just remember that every single task is one more skill to add to your arsenal. With that attitude, your dream job is coming!

17- Birth – раждане (razhdane)

Random question: do you know the birth rate of Bulgaria?

If you’re lucky enough to be invited to see a friend’s baby just after they are born, you’ll have all my respect and all my envy. There is nothing cuter! Depending on which part of the country you’re in, you may find yourself bearing witness to some pretty unexpected birth customs. Enjoy this privilege!

Crying Newborn Baby Held By a Doctor or Nurse in a Hospital Theatre

18- Engaged – сгодявам се (sgodyavam se)

EE Cummings said, “Lovers alone wear sunlight,” and I think that’s most true at the moment she says “yes.” Getting engaged is something young girls dream of with stars in their eyes, and it truly is a magical experience – from the proposal, to wearing an engagement ring, to the big reveal!

In the world of Instagram, there’s no end to the antics as imaginative couples try more and more outrageous ways to share their engagement with the world. I love an airport flashmob, myself, but I’d rather be proposed to on a secluded beach – salt, sand, and all!

Engagement customs around the world vary greatly, and Bulgaria is no exception when it comes to interesting traditions. Learning their unique romantic ways will inspire you for when your turn comes.

Speaking of romance, do you know how to say “Happy Valentine’s Day” in Bulgarian?

19- Marry – женя (zhenya)

The one you marry will be the gem on a shore full of pebbles. They will be the one who truly mirrors your affection, shares your visions for the future, and wants all of you – the good, the bad and the inexplicable.

From thinking up a one-of-a-kind wedding, to having children, to growing old together, finding a twin flame to share life with is quite an accomplishment! Speaking of which…

2. Marriage Proposal Lines

Marriage Proposal Lines

Ah, that heart-stopping moment when your true love gets down on one knee to ask for your hand in marriage, breathlessly hoping that you’ll say “Yes!” If you haven’t experienced that – well, it feels pretty darn good, is all I can say! If you’re the one doing the asking, though, you’ve probably had weeks of insomnia agonizing over the perfect time, location and words to use.

Man on His Knee Proposing to a Woman on a Bridge.

How much more care should be taken if your love is from a different culture to yours? Well, by now you know her so well, that most of it should be easy to figure out. As long as you’ve considered her personal commitment to tradition, all you really need is a few words from the heart. Are you brave enough to say them in Bulgarian?

3. Talking About Age

Talking about Age

Part of the wonder of learning a new language is having the ability to strike up simple conversations with strangers. Asking about age in this context feels natural, as your intention is to practice friendly phrases – just be mindful of their point of view!

When I was 22, I loved being asked my age. Nowadays, if someone asks, I say, “Well, I’ve just started my fifth cat life.” Let them ponder that for a while.

In Bulgaria, it’s generally not desirable to ask an older woman her age for no good reason, but chatting about age with your peers is perfectly normal. Besides, you have to mention your birthday if you want to be thrown a birthday party!

4. Conclusion

Well, there you have it! With so many great new Bulgarian phrases to wish people with, can you think of someone who has a big event coming up? If you want to get even more creative, BulgarianPod101 has much to inspire you with – come and check it out! Here’s just some of what we have on offer at BulgarianPod101:

  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Bulgarian with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account – for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Bulgarian dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about BulgarianPod101…!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Bulgarian teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to – what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Bulgarian word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Bulgarian level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in BulgarianPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Bulgarian.

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Tsvetnitsa: Celebrating Palm Sunday in Bulgaria

Palm Sunday in Bulgaria, also called Tsvetnitsa or Vrabnitsa, is a major Christian celebration with many fascinating traditions. In this article, you’ll learn about the significance of Palm Sunday for believers, look at how Bulgarians celebrate it, and gain some relevant Bulgarian vocabulary.

Let’s get started!

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1. What is Palm Sunday?

On Palm Sunday, Christians celebrate Влизането на Иисус в Йерусалим (Vlizaneto na Iisus v Yerusalim), or “Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem.” According to the Bible, Jesus entered Jerusalem exactly one week before his Resurrection. Upon Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem, a crowd of believers greeted him and threw palm sprigs at his feet.

On Palm Sunday, Bulgarians also celebrate the name day for anyone with a Име на цвете (Ime na tsvete), or “flower-related name.” There are many Bulgarian names related to flowers and plants: Tsvetan, Tsvetomir, Tsvetelina, Bozhura, Violeta, Nevena, Varban, Liliya, Zdravko, Yavor, Yasen, Iva, and many others.

2. When is Palm Sunday in Bulgaria?

Tsvetnitsa

The Palm Sunday date varies each year, along with the dates of Lent and Easter. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date in Bulgaria for the next ten years:

  • 2020: April 12
  • 2021: April 25
  • 2022: April 17
  • 2023: April 9
  • 2024: April 28
  • 2025: April 13
  • 2026: April 5
  • 2027: April 25
  • 2028: April 9
  • 2029: April 1

3. How is Palm Sunday Celebrated?

Various Easter Decorations

In Bulgaria, Palm Sunday is largely associated with plants, trees, and flowers, in addition to its religious connotation. The two elements often go hand-in-hand in Bulgarian traditions. For example, because people welcomed Jesus into Jerusalem with palm sprigs, people go to church with flowers or other plants on Palm Sunday. These flowers are then blessed and consecrated.

The most popular of these plants is the sprig of върба (varba), or “willow.” This is where Palm Sunday gets its other name, Vrabnitsa. After the willow sprigs have been blessed, worshipers take them home as Palm Sunday decorations for their front door or elsewhere in the home. Some Bulgarians believe that the willow sprigs protect their home from evil forces and disease, and bring health and happiness. Tsvetnitsa is a holiday of flowers, revival, and youth.

4. Kumichene

Do you know what unique Bulgarian custom is carried out on Palm Sunday?

This popular custom in Bulgaria is called kumichene. This is when girls gather by the river, carrying chaplets (a wreath worn on the head) and ceremonial bracelets called puppet. The girls float these chaplets and beads down the river and watch to see whose chaplet will be first.

5. Essential Palm Sunday Vocabulary

The Word Rosemary as a Name

Are you ready to review some of the Bulgarian vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Palm Sunday!

  • Цвете (Tsvete) — “Flower”
  • Дърво (Dyrvo) — “Tree”
  • Великден (Velikden) — “Easter”
  • Върбова клонка (Varbova klonka) — “Palm leaf”
  • Имен ден (Imen den) — “Name day”
  • Влизането на Иисус в Йерусалим (Vlizaneto na Iisus v Yerusalim) — “Jesus’ entry in Jerusalem”
  • Име на цвете (Ime na tsvete) — “Flower-related name”
  • Върба (Varba) — “Willow”
  • Цветница (Tsvetnitsa) — “Tsvetnitsa”
  • Връбница (Vrabnitsa) — “Vrabnitsa”

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Bulgarian Palm Sunday vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Palm Sunday in Bulgaria with us, and that you gained some valuable knowledge about Bulgarian traditions.

Do you celebrate Palm Sunday in your country? If so, are your traditions similar or quite different from those in Bulgaria? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

If you’re fascinated with Bulgarian culture and can’t get enough, we recommend that you check out the following pages on BulgarianPod101.com:

That should keep your thirst for knowledge satisfied for a little while, but for even more great learning resources, check out BulgarianPod101.com. If you like what you see, create your free lifetime account today and start learning about Bulgarian culture and the language with us!

Happy learning!

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Baba Marta: Celebrating Grandma March Day in Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, Baba Marta Day (also called Grandma March Day) is a unique holiday associated with the beginning of spring, and can last all through the month of March. At its center is the mythical Baba Marta Bulgarian folktale character, who personifies every aspect of the month of March.

In this article, you’ll learn all about Baba Marta Day, the character behind it, and the most common traditions for the Baba Marta Bulgaria holiday. Are you ready? Let’s get started!

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1. What is Grandma March Day?

Baba Marta (Granny March Day) is a feast associated with the coming of spring and the mythical figure of Baba Marta.

According to the Baba Marta legend, she is the sister of two other characters, named Big Sechko and Little Sechko, who represent the months of January and February. Baba Marta represents the month of March, as well as the beginning of spring. Therefore, the holiday of Baba Marta is associated with the beginning of a new cycle in nature and with wishes for health and fertility.

In addition, Baba Marta is known for her often-changing mood and anger toward her brothers. Because March in Bulgaria is known for being a month of changing weather, it’s believed that Baba Marta is behind any bad weather or storms that occur during March.

2. When is Baba Marta?

A Cherry Blossom Tree in Full Bloom

Each year, Bulgarians officially begin celebrating Baba Marta Day on March 1, and the holiday can actually last all through the month of March.

3. Baba Marta Traditions & Celebrations

A Bulgarian Baba Marta Martenitsa Tied to a Tree Branch

The most common tradition on Baba Marta Day is that of the Мартеница (martenitsa), which is a Гривна (grivna), or “wrist band,” made of бял и червен конец (byal i cherven konets), or “red- and white-colored thread.” These two colors are said to represent different things; the red is for blood or life, and the white is purity and happiness. Oftentimes, people create their martenitsi with additional decorations, including beads, shells, and even garlic.

People wear these Baba Marta bracelets for most of March, believing them to act as protection against evil spirits, demons, and illness. In addition, it’s thought that Baba Marta martenitsi make Mother March happy, thus ensuring that the wearer has her favor.

In some parts of Bulgaria, martenitsi are worn in different ways depending on who the wearer is. Married men put martenitsi in their right sock, young single men wear them on their left pinkies, and young single girls wear them on the left sides of their dresses. When the wearer sees his or her first sign of spring, like a tree beginning to bloom or the arrival of a sparrow or Щъркел (shtarkel), meaning “stork,” he takes off his martenitsa and ties it to a tree.

4. Baba Yaga?

Baba Marta, for foreigners, may not seem very familiar. But maybe you’ve heard of Baba Yaga, a very similar character from Slavic folklore.

Baba Yaga is generally portrayed as wicked, although in some stories, she has been shown to guide characters with her wisdom. An old woman who lives in a chicken-legged hut, Baba Yaga kidnaps and eats little children and flies around on a pestle carrying a birch broom to cover her tracks.

While found in many Eastern European countries such as Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Latvia, Belarus, and Bulgaria, Baba Yaga figures most prominently in Russian and Polish folktales and literature.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Baba Marta Day

A Stork

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important vocabulary for Baba Marta Day!

  • Мартеница (martenitsa) — “martenitsa”
  • Гривна (grivna) — “wrist band”
  • Благоденствие (blagodenstvie) — “well-being”
  • Щъркел (shtarkel) — “stork”
  • бял и червен конец (byal i cherven konets) — “red and white colored thread”
  • Здраве (zdrave) — “health”
  • Баба Марта (Baba Marta) — “Granny Martha Day”
  • Баба Марта (Baba Marta) — “Grandma March Day”
  • цъфнало дърво (tsafnalo darvo) — “bloomed tree”
  • плетена гривна (pletena grivna) — “woven wrist band”

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, check out our Bulgarian Grandma March Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

What are your thoughts on the Baba Marta holiday in Bulgaria? Who are the most popular mythical or folklore characters in your country? Let us know in the comments!

If you’re interested in learning more about Bulgarian culture and holidays, be sure to check out the following pages on BulgarianPod101.com:

Whatever your reasons for developing an interest in Bulgarian culture or the language, know that BulgarianPod101.com is the best way to expand your knowledge and improve your skills. With tons of fun and effective lessons for learners at every level, there’s something for everyone!

Create your free lifetime account today, and start learning Bulgarian like never before!

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Blagoveshtenie: Celebrating the Day of Epiphany in Bulgaria

The Day of Epiphany is a Christian holiday on which people celebrate the epiphany of the триединен Бог (triedinen Bog), or “triune God.” In this article, you’ll learn more about how Christians view the Epiphany holiday, and more specifically, how Bulgarians celebrate Epiphany.

At BulgarianPod101.com, we always aim to ensure that your language-learning journey is both fun and informative—starting with this article on Epiphany! Bulgarian customs may just surprise you. 😉

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Epiphany?

Epiphany is a very old holiday. According to the Orthodox Church, this is the day Jesus Christ was baptized in the River Jordan. Thus the holiday is also called “Baptism of the Lord.” The name Bogoyavlenie is formed by two words: bogo, meaning “God’s,” and yavlenie, which is a word meaning “appearance” or “manifestation.”

According to Christianity, at the baptism of Jesus Christ, the secret of the Holy Trinity appeared—the Son Jesus Christ in human form, the Holy Spirit as a dove alighting upon Jesus, and the Divine Voice of the Heavenly Father. Hence the name Bogoyavlenie.

Jesus Christ was baptized in the River Jordan by John the Baptist (Yoan Krastitel). The next day on the calendar, January 7, is Ivanovden—name-day of Ivan, Ivanka, etc., and the feast of Sveti Yoan Krastitel (Saint John the Baptist).

2. When is Epiphany in Bulgaria?

Adoration of the Magi

Each year, Epiphany (Bogoyavlenie) is celebrated on January 6 and is also a name-day for people carrying the names Yordan, Yordanka, and similar names. This is because these names derive from the name of the River Jordan (Yordan).

Other common names celebrated on this name-day are Bozhidar, Bozhan, Boyan, Bogdana, and Dancho.

3. Reading Practice: Bulgarian Celebration of the Epiphany

Swimming in Water

On Epiphany Day, Bulgarian traditions and customs reflect the theme of baptism.

Do you know how Bulgarian Christians celebrate Epiphany? Read the Bulgarian text below to find out, and check your reading skills against the English version.

На Йордановден се яде постно и на трапезата трябва задължително да присъстват царевичен хляб или царевични питки.

Популярен обичай на Богоявление е да се хвърля кръст в леденостудените води на реките. Обикновено мъже скачат да го уловят. Този, който го намери се смята, че ще бъде благословен с късмет.

On Yordanovden, people fast, and there must be cornbread or flat corn loaves on the table.

A popular custom on Epiphany is to cast a cross into the ice-cold water of the rivers. Usually, men jump in to take it; the one who finds it is considered to be blessed with luck.

4. Many Names

Epiphany in the Bulgarian culture is a holiday with many names. Do you know what they are?

Besides Baptism of the Lord, this day is also called Yordanovden, Winter Feast of the Cross, Enlightenment, Waters, and even Vodokrashti, because of the association with Jesus’s baptizing in the waters of Jordan.

5. Essential Bulgarian Vocab for Epiphany

Cleaning Hands in Water

Here’s some Bulgarian vocabulary you need to know for Epiphany!

  • състезавам се (sastezavam se) — compete
  • Кръщавам (krashtavam) — baptize
  • Кръст (krast) — cross
  • Мъдрец (madrets) — Wise Men
  • хвърлям във водата (hvarlyam vav vodata) — toss in the water
  • мъже танцуват в реката (mazhe tantsuvat v rekata) — men dancing in the river
  • Почитам (pochitam) — worship
  • поклонение на влъхвите (poklonenie na vlahvite) — adoration of the Magi
  • Водосвет (vodosvet) — sanctification of the water
  • триединен Бог (triedinen Bog) — triune God
  • Пречистване (prechistvane) — purification
  • скачам във водата (skacham vav vodata) — jump in the water
  • мокри дрехи (mokri drehi) — wet clothes

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Bulgarian Epiphany vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Bulgarian Epiphany traditions and the story behind this significant Christian holiday.

Do you celebrate Epiphany in your country? If so, how? Let us know in the comments!

If you’re interested in learning more about Bulgarian culture, or want to learn some wintery words to get you through the next couple of months, you may find the following pages useful:

Learning Bulgarian doesn’t have to be boring or overwhelming—with BulgarianPod101.com, it can even be fun! If you’re serious about mastering the language, but don’t have the time for the unnecessary hassle, create your free lifetime account today. You’ll be learning Bulgarian like never before!

Happy Bulgarian learning! 🙂

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The Bulgarian Calendar: Talking About Dates in Bulgarian

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Did you know there are many different types of calendars?

As you probably know – a calendar is a system of organizing days in weeks and months for specific purposes, according to Wikipedia.

Worldwide, most countries use the Gregorian calendar. Some just work on the same framework, meaning that time is divided into units based on the earth’s movement around the sun – the “solar calendar”. Other calendars keep time by observing the moon’s movements, a combination of the moon and the sun’s movements, and seasons.

Through BulgarianPod101, you can learn all about this and so much more! Our themed, culturally relevant lessons are skillfully designed so you can do your planning perfectly for a holiday or a date.

Having a good plan for a visit or a trip is like studying well for an exam. You’re just so much better prepared! For that, you could well need specific phrases to plan around appointments and such, especially on business trips. Make sure to use the charts we provide here with the days of the week in Bulgarian, as well as the months in Bulgarian to navigate your way as you plan. Great resources!

Also – always remember to have fun!

Table of Contents

  1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Bulgarian?
  2. Talking About your Plans
  3. Can BulgarianPod101 Help You In Other Ways Too?

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1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Bulgarian?

Days of the Week

Well, that’s not a difficult question to answer. No matter why you’re travelling, it would be best to at least know the names of days and months in Bulgarian. You don’t want to miss your flight or an appointment because you confused “петък” (“petak,” Friday) with “събота” (“sabota,” Saturday)! Or maybe you planned a holiday for “юли” (“yuli,” July), but you booked a flight for “юни” (“yuni,” June) by accident!

Avoid this confusion by learning the Bulgarian calendar before you leave.

Now, as promised, the 15 phrases to help you make and discuss plans.

2. Talking About your Plans

Months of the Year

Perhaps you’re working in Bulgaria, or maybe you’re enjoying a prolonged holiday. Fabulous! Memorize these phrases so you can be sure to successfully negotiate meetings, appointments, dates, events, the list goes on!

1. Какво ще правиш този уикенд?

Kakvo shtye pravish tozi uikyend?
“What are you doing this weekend?”

This question is usually a preamble to inviting someone somewhere. Given that it’s over the weekend, it probably means a casual get-together or another social event. (But not necessarily! A manager or boss could also ask this for entirely different reasons.)

It’s a handy phrase to know when you’ve made Bulgarian or expat friends in the country. Or, be the one doing the inviting. Then train your ear to learn the following phrases so you can understand the response.

2. Пътувам този уикенд.

Patuvam tozi uikend.
“I am traveling this weekend.”

This could be a reply if you’re not available because you’re doing other fun stuff.

No matter why you are visiting Bulgaria, do take the time to explore the country! It’s beautiful and it has so many wonderful, interesting spots ready to be visited.

Couple at booking in Desk

3. Планирам да си остана у дома.

Planiram da si ostana u doma.
“I am planning to stay at home.”

Maybe you feel unwell, but don’t want to give too much information? Or maybe you have work to do? Perhaps you just need some quiet gardening time…it doesn’t matter. This response is polite and honest without oversharing.

It could also be a slightly open-ended response, depending on how you deliver it. Because hey, being home could still mean your plans are flexible, right?

That said – depending on your relationship with the inviter, nuances like these will probably not be so apparent in a foreign culture. So, best to use this excuse for declining an invitation only if you are truly set on staying in.

Woman Doing Gardening

4. Тази седмица съм зает.

Tazi sedmitsa sam zaet.
“This week I am busy.”

Another polite phrase that gives a reason for declining an invitation but without oversharing details.

Don’t decline too many invitations, though! You don’t want people to think that you’re too busy to hang out with them. They will stop inviting you out, and you know how the saying goes – all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy…! Being social is good for the soul.

5. Утре съм свободен.

Utre sam svoboden.
“I am free tomorrow.”

Yay! Perhaps you were approached by that person and they asked about your availability for a date. This would be a fine reply. Not too eager, but still indicating that you’re interested.

Or maybe you’re just replying to a colleague or manager’s request for a meeting. Polite, honest and clear.

Alternatively, you’re just busy right now, and plans are not going the way they were…well, planned. Compromise is a lovely thing! And this phrase sounds just like that.

Use it to indicate that you want to accommodate an invitation or the inviter’s plans, despite your current unavailability. Only if you are really free, of course.

6. Можем ли да отменим това?

Mozhem li da otmenim tova?
“Can we reschedule this?”

So, life happened and you are unable to meet obligations or attend a planned meeting. This is a suitable question to ask if you wish to indicate your willingness to still engage with whatever is on the table.

Obviously you should (ideally) not ask to reschedule a party or big meeting! (Unless you’re the boss or it’s your own party, of course.) But if there’s reasonable wiggle room regarding arrangements, then this one’s your question.

Business Man Sitting with Schedule

7. Ще имам достатъчно време в края на месеца.

Shte imam dostatachno vreme v kraya na mesetsa.
“I will have enough time at the end of the month.”

A go-to phrase when events or activities are likely to take up a lot of your time, such as going away for a weekend, spending the day at a local market, or writing your manager’s quarterly report (with 20 flow-charts in Powerpoint) – anything that won’t only take an hour or two.

8. Кога е най-подходящото време, което те утройва?

Koga e nay-podhodyashtoto vreme, koeto te utroyva?
“When is the best time that suits you?”

Remember phrase #5? That was a possible reply to this question. Asked by your crush, very possibly! Or, it could be asked by any other person for any other reason, doesn’t matter.

If this is addressed to you, it usually means that the person respects your time and schedule, which is a good thing. It probably also means that their own schedule is flexible, another good thing.

This is also a polite question to ask when a manager or senior colleague wants to meet with you. Let them decide on the time, and be as accommodating as possible. This attitude shows respect for seniority – good for career building. (Within reason, of course. You don’t need to postpone your wedding or your paid-up holiday to Australia because your manager wants to see you.)

Screen Tablet Hotel

9. Удобна ли е тази дата с теб?

Udobna li e tazi data s teb?
“Is this date OK with you?”

But – if the other party insists that you choose a time for a meeting, appointment, or date etc., then do so! Respond with this nice, somewhat casual question that leaves space for negotiation, but only needs a simple reply.

Suitable for friends, and casual acquaintances and colleagues.

10. Свободен ли сте в този ден?

Svoboden li ste v tozi den?
“Are you available on that day?”

This is the a-bit-more-formal version of the previous question. Again, it has room for negotiation, but only needs a simple response – nice and neat!

Maybe this is the go-to question when you’re addressing your seniors at work, or a person much older than you.

11. Може ли да го направим възможно най-скоро?

Mozhe li da go napravim vazmozhno nay-skoro?
“Can we do it as soon as possible?”

This question has an urgency to it that should preferably be responded to with the same. A simple reply will be good – yes or no. Less negotiable, this is still polite because it’s a question that gives you a choice.

But stand ready with one of the phrases in this article to help tie down a time and date!

Couple Getting Engaged on a Bridge

12. Аз съм на разположение всяка вечер.

Az sam na razpolozhenie vsyaka vecher.
“I’m available every evening”

If you’re going to reply with this phrase, context is everything.

– If it’s your manager asking you to put in a bit of overtime, and you are available to – great reply! When deadlines are tight and everybody is stressing, your willingness to go the extra mile can only improve your relationship with your boss.

(Still, no need to be a doormat! If you get asked to work overtime too often, or if everyone else is goofing around while you have to graft, then re-evaluate the situation. And if you feel you’re being exploited a bit, don’t stress! Equip yourself with the diplomatic, yet assertive responses right in this article.)

– If it’s an old friend or longtime significant other asking to hang out – good reply. You know one another and appearances don’t matter any longer.

– If it’s a new crush who just asked when you’d be available for a date – stop. Not such a great reply. Tone down a bit! “Interested but not overly eager” is what you’re going for here.

Refer back to response #5, or use a counter-question, such as #1. Whatever suits you.

But if they – or anyone else – invite you to scale the Himalayas with them, then the next phrase will probably be the only sane response!

Mountaineer in Snow

13. Трябва да планирам това предварително.

Tryabva da planiram tova predvaritelno.
“I need to plan this well in advance.”

So, as said under #9, perhaps you’re invited to join someone conquer the Himalayas.

Or your company manager wants you to plan the Party that Tops All Year-End Parties Forever.

Simply – if you get asked to do something that you know will need a lot of thorough planning, this is a good phrase to respond with.

It’s an assertive phrase that demonstrates two things regarding your attitude:

a) That you know your own abilities, and respect your own schedule.
b) That your respect other people’s time and schedule too.

Then just be sure to actually do that planning well in advance!

14. Трябва да намерим друга дата

Tryabva da namerim druga data
“We need to find another date.”

So, you’re in negotiations regarding a date.

This is an assertive statement that should probably not be used with a “My way or the highway” attitude.

That stuff only works in the movies – think sharp-tongued Samuel L. Jackson. Or fierce Kristen Stewart. Yea, they can be scary, so tone down that tone.

Also, be mindful that fickle people who change plans all the time don’t keep friends! Taking others’ needs into consideration, while simultaneously having your way is a delicate art that takes proper cultivation. Use this phrase sparingly – we have better ones here to negotiate with.

Rock Concert Hands in the Air

Of course, if your planned trip to the dentist falls on the same day as the only Billie Eilish concert close by…well, priorities are priorities. Feel free to call the dentist with this phrase. Or even better, use the next one.

15. Не мога да го направя на този ден.

Ne moga da go napravya na tozi den.
“I cannot do it on that day.”

This is the low-key-but-still-firm cousin of the previous phrase. You’re stating a personal fact, and depending on your tone, this can be as non-negotiable as you prefer.

Again, only use this when you really mean it, if you’re visiting Bulgaria or any other foreign country.

So, that’s it, folks! Which phrase did you find the most helpful? Let us know in the comments!

3. Can BulgarianPod101 Help You In Other Ways Too?

Numbers

Well yes, of course!

We think you will find these phrases easy to use when talking about dates and months in Bulgarian. But knowing how to employ them properly could help you avoid sticky situations!

BulgarianPod101 is uniquely geared to help you with this and so much more.

This InnovativeLanguage.com initiative is one of many online language-learning courses. With us, you’ll find it easy and fun to learn a new language, and here are a few reasons why:

  • Immediately upon enrollment, you’ll receive hundreds of well-designed lessons to get you going.
  • Watch superb recordings of native Bulgarian speakers in cool slide-shows – the easy way to practice till you sound just like a native speaker yourself!
  • Also immediately upon enrollment, you’ll get access to a huge library of free resources! These include extensive, theme-based Vocabulary Lists and a Word of the Day List (For free, hot bargains!) These alone are sure to give your vocab-learning boxing gloves.
  • You’ll also immediately be able to use an excellent and free Bulgarian online dictionary. Necessary for quick, handy translations, no matter where you find yourself.
  • For the serious learner, there are numerous enrollment upgrades available, one of which offers you a personal, online Bulgarian host. Allow us to hold your hand and support you in your learning!

If you’re serious about mastering Bulgarian easily yet correctly, BulgarianPod101 is definitely one of, if not the best, online language learning platforms available. Talking about your plans or dates in Bulgarian need not ever spoil your stay.

So, hurry up—enroll today!

Learn How to Talk About Your Family in Bulgarian

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Did you know that only some reptiles and birds don’t parent their offspring? Except for crocodiles, all reptiles (and one family of bird species called megapodes) hatch from eggs and grow up alone, without any family.

The rest of us need family if we are to survive and thrive – humans and animals alike!

At BulgarianPod101, we know how important family is. Therefore, we take care to teach you all the important vocabulary and phrases pertaining to family.

Table of Contents

  1. Why Is It Important to Know Bulgarian Vocabulary about Family?
  2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first
  3. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Learn Bulgarian Family Terms

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1. Why Is It Important to Know Bulgarian Vocabulary about Family?

Lioness with Cub

Well, if you’re serious about studying any new language, then learning about the most important social unit in Bulgarian culture would be a crucial part of your education.

What is family, though? Strictly speaking, it’s a group of people who live together and are supposed to take care of one another. Some of them are genetically linked.

Family isn’t just about who we’re related to by blood, of course. It’s also one of the main influences in shaping every child’s life.

Family is Important for Children’s Healthy Development

Phrases Parents Say

Family is the single most important influence in a child’s life. Children depend on parents and family to protect them and provide for their needs from the day they were born.

Primary caregivers, which usually comprise parents and family, form a child’s first relationships. They are a child’s first teachers and are role models that show kids how to act and experience the world around them.

By nurturing and teaching children during their early years, families play an important role in making sure children are ready to learn when they enter school.

Families Can Take All Shapes and Sizes

However, the way families are put together is by no means standard.

Mom and Daughter

Single-parent and same-gender households have become a new norm the past few decades, and there’s no shame in this. When there is love, connection and proper care, a child can thrive anywhere.

Everyone also knows that sometimes friends can become like family and remain with us for life, because it’s all about human connection.

After all, we share many commonalities simply because we’re human, and we are programmed to connect with one another and belong to a group. This is very important for our well-being and survival.

It’s All About Feeling Connected

As John Northman, a psychologist from Buffalo, NY, told WebMD – feeling connected to others contributes to mental as well as physical health.

He pointed out that when people feel connected, they feel better physically, and they’re also less likely to feel depressed.

Couples Chatting

Or, if they do feel depressed, they’d be in a better position to get out of it when they feel they are connecting with others. This is because they would be psychologically supported too, Northman said.

There has even been some links drawn between addiction and feeling disconnected from others. According to an article in Psychology Today, research indicates that addiction is not solely a substance disorder, but also affected by people feeling insecurely attached to others.

It showed that securely attached individuals tend to feel comfortable in and enjoy life, while insecurely attached people typically struggle to fit in and connect.

2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first

So, it’s clear that for most of us, family is our entry point into connection and belonging. This is true of every culture, so in every country, family takes prominence.

For this reason, BulgarianPod101 offers culturally-relevant lessons that will equip you well to understand families in Bulgaria.

Here are some of the most important Bulgarian vocabulary and quotes about family and parenting!

A) Bulgarian Family Vocabulary

Let’s start with the basic vocabulary. Without this collection of words, you’ll have a hard time describing any member of your family at all.

Family Terms
Family
семейство (semeystvo)
Great grandfather
прадядо (pradyado)
Mother
майка (mayka)
Grandmother
баба (baba)
Father
баща (bashta)
Grandfather
дядо (dyado)
Wife
съпруга (sapruga)
Grandchild
внук (vnuk)
Husband
съпруг (saprug)
Granddaughter
внучка (vnuchka)
Parent
родител (roditel)
Grandson
внук (vnuk)
Child
дете (dete)
Aunt
леля (lelya)
Daughter
дъщеря (dyshterya)
Uncle
чичо (chicho)
Sister
сестра (sestra)
Niece
племенница (plemennica)
Brother
брат (brat)
Nephew
племенник (plemennik)
Younger sister
по-малка сестра (po-malka sestra)
Younger brother
по-малък брат (po-malyk brat)
Older brother
батко (batko)
Great grandmother
прабаба (prababa)
Cousin
братовчед (bratovched)
Mother-in-law
свекърва, тъща (svekarva, tashta)
Father-in-law
свекър, тъст (svekar, tast)
Sister-in-law
зълва, балдъза (zalva, baldaza)
Brother-in-law
зет, девер (zet, dever)
Partner
партньор (partnyor)

Family of Three

B) Quotes About Family

Bulgarian Family Quotes

One of the ways to improve your Bulgarian language skills is by memorizing quotes from books, or poems.

Either source some from Bulgarian literature, or make use of ours!

Човек не избира семейството си. То е негов Божи дар, както и той е дар за близките си.

Chovek ne izbira semeystvoto si. To e negov Bozhi dar, kakto i toy e dar za blizkite si.
“You don’t choose your family. They are God’s gift to you, as you are to them.” – Desmond Tutu

Семейството не е нещо важно. То е всичко.

Semeystvoto ne e neshto vazhno. To e vsichko.
“Family is not an important thing. It’s everything.” – Michael J. Fox

Семейство значи, никой да не бъде изоставен или забравен.

Semeystvo znachi, nikoy da ne bade izostaven ili zabraven.
“Family means no one gets left behind or forgotten.” – David Ogden Stiers

Моето семейство е моята сила и моята слабост.

Moeto semeystvo e moyata sila i moyata slabost.
“My family is my strength and my weakness.” – Aishwarya Rai

Семейството е един от шедьоврите на природата.

Semeystvoto e edin ot shedyovrite na prirodata.
“The family is one of nature’s masterpieces.” – George Santayana

Когато настъпи беда, семейството е, което ви подкрепя.

Kogato nastapi beda, semeystvoto e, koeto vi podkrepya.
“When trouble comes, it’s your family that supports you.” – Guy Lafleur

Семейството е първата и жизнено важна клетка на обществото

Semeystvoto e parvata i zhizneno vazhna kletka na obshtestvoto
“The family is the first essential cell of human society.” – Pope John XXIII

Не съществува такова нещо като забавление за цялото семейство.

Ne sashtestvuva takova neshto kato zabavlenie za tsyaloto semeystvo.
“There is no such thing as fun for the whole family.” – Jerry Seinfeld

Трябва да защитаваш честта си. И семейството си.

Tryabva da zashtitavash chestta si. I semeystvoto si.
“You have to defend your honor. And your family.” – Suzanne Vega

Всички щастливи семейства си приличат; всяко нещастно семейство е нещастно по свой начин.

Vsichki shtastlivi semeystva si prilichat; vsyako neshtastno semeystvo e neshtastno po svoy nachin.
“All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” – Leo Tolstoy

C) Test Your Knowledge!

Do you feel you have learned a lot in this blog? Let’s quickly test that!

In the table below, match the Bulgarian vocabulary on the left with the definition of the relative in the right column.

MY RELATIVES
Relative Name Definition
1. семейство a. My male child
2. майка b. My older male sibling
3. баща c. My female sibling
4. съпруга d. My child’s child
5. съпруг e. My child’s female child
6. родител f. My female parent
7. дете g. My grandparent’s mother
8. дъщеря h. Mother to one of my parents
9. син i. Relatives
10. сестра j. My female child
11. брат k. My younger male sibling
12. по-малка сестра l. Male spouse
13. по-малък брат m. The father of one of my parents
14. батко n. My child’s male child
15. прабаба o. My children’s father or mother
16. прадядо p. The sister of one of my parents
17. баба q. The brother of one of my parents
18. дядо r. My male parent
19. внук s. My sibling’s female child
20. внучка t. My sibling’s male child
21. внук u. My male sibling
22. леля v. My parents’ sibling’s child
23. чичо w. Female spouse
24. племенница x. The grandfather of one of my parents
25. племенник y. The person I am a parent to
26. братовчед z. My younger female sibling

How did it go? Don’t worry if you had trouble with it – you’ll get there! With a bit of practice, and our help at BulgarianPod101, you’ll soon have these family terms under the belt.

Family Shopping

3. How BulgarianPod101 Can Help You Learn Bulgarian Family Terms

We hope that we helped you expand your family in Bulgarian vocabulary!

BulgarianPod101, with its innovative online learning system, stands out among online learning platforms to help you master Bulgarian easily.

Our lessons are tailored not only to increase your language skills, but to also inform you of Bulgarian culture, including the Bulgarian family structure.

When you sign up, you will get instant access to tools like:

1 – An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
2 – A new Bulgarian word to learn every day
3 – Quick access to the Bulgarian Key Phrase List
4 – A free Bulgarian online dictionary
5 – The excellent 100 Core Bulgarian Word List
6 – An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

Further speed up your learning with the help of a personal tutor, who will first assess your current Bulgarian language abilities to personalize your training and tailor it to your needs.

Hard work always pays off, and to help you in this, BulgarianPod101 will be there every step of the way toward your Bulgarian mastery!

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How To Post In Perfect Bulgarian on Social Media

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You’re learning to speak Bulgarian, and it’s going well. Your confidence is growing! So much so that you feel ready to share your experiences on social media—in Bulgarian.

At Learn Bulgarian, we make this easy for you to get it right the first time. Post like a boss with these phrases and guidelines, and get to practice your Bulgarian in the process.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Bulgarian

1. Talking about Your Restaurant Visit in Bulgarian

Eating out is fun, and often an experience you’d like to share. Take a pic, and start a conversation on social media in Bulgarian. Your friend will be amazed by your language skills…and perhaps your taste in restaurants!

Kamen eats at a restaurant with his friends, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

POST

Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

Хайде да пробваме новия удон ресторант. (Hayde da probvame noviya udon restorant.)
“Let’s try out the new udon restaurant.”

1- хайде да пробваме (hayde da probvame)

First is an expression meaning – “let’s try out”.
This is a common phrase you can use to issue a general invitation for people to try out a new place, such as a club, a restaurant, or a cafe.

2- новия удон ресторант (noviya udon restorant)

Then comes the phrase – “the new udon restaurant.”
Going out with friends, especially on a week day, often involves dining out. When you are meeting the same group of friends regularly, you might want to look for different places to meet at. An invitation to try out a new place is also an easy conversation starter.

COMMENTS

In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

1- Какъв е адресът? (Kakav e adresat?)

His girlfriend, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “What is the address?”
Use this expression to show your interest in the poster’s suggestion.

2- Дано ви хареса, аз няма да успея. (Dano vi haresa, az nyama da uspeya.)

His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “I hope you like it, I won’t be able to make it.”
Use this expression if you cannot join the party, and want to offer an explanation, plus wish the partygoers well.

3- Сайтът им е добър. (Saytat im e dobar.)

His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Their website is good.”
Use this expression to show you are interested in the topic, and has done some research.

4- Всичко изглежда толкова вкусно. (Vsichko izglezhda tolkova vkusno.)

His high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “Everything looks so delicious.”
Use this expression to show your appreciation of the food.

VOCABULARY

Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • пробвам (probvam): “try out”
  • ресторант (restorant): “restaurant”
  • адрес (adres): “address”
  • успявам (uspyavam): “succeed”
  • сайт (sayt): “website”
  • толкова (tolkova): “so”
  • вкусен (vkusen): “delicious”
  • So, let’s practice a bit. If a friend posted something about having dinner with friends, which phrase would you use?

    Now go visit a Bulgarian restaurant, and wow the staff with your language skills!

    2. Post about Your Mall Visit in Bulgarian

    Another super topic for social media is shopping—everybody does it, most everybody loves it, and your friends on social media are probably curious about your shopping sprees! Share these Bulgarian phrases in posts when you visit a shopping mall.

    Yana shop with her sister at the mall, posts an image of the two of them, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Този уикенд ще има разпродажба в мола (Tozi uikend shte ima razprodazhba v mola)
    “There’s a sale at the mall this weekend.”

    1- този уикенд ще има (tozi uikend shte ima)

    First is an expression meaning “this weekend there will be”.
    It is usually over the weekend when ladies have enough time to go shopping with their friends. The day of a sale is a good occasion to meet, talk, look around and shop for clothes or shoes with your friends.

    2- разпродажба в мола (razprodazhba v mola)

    Then comes the phrase – “a sale in the mall”.
    Shopping malls are convenient as they allow people to shop for different items in one place. There was a sharp rise in the number of new malls that opened in the cities, which created more fierce competition to attract shoppers. Therefore, malls regularly organize sales weekends throughout the entire year.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Може ли да взема децата? (Mozhe li da vzema detsata?)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Can I take the kids?”
    Use this question if you are interested to visit the mall yourself, and need more specific information.

    2- Тъкмо взех заплата. (Takmo vzeh zaplata.)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “I just got my paycheck”.
    Use this expression to imply that you might go shopping yourself, and to make conversation.

    3- Ще съм извън града. (Shte sam izvan grada.)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “I’ll be out of town”.
    Use this expression to offer an explanation as to why you cannot join the shopping duo.

    4- Аз ще пасувам. (Az shte pasuvam.)

    Her boyfriend, Kamen, uses an expression meaning – “I’ll pass (up)”.
    Use this expression to show you are not interested to join the shopping spree.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • разпродажба (razprodazhba): “sale”
  • дете (dete): “kid”
  • тъкмо (takmo): “just”
  • вземам (vzemam): “take”
  • заплата (zaplata): “salary”
  • извън (izvan): “outside”
  • град (grad): “city”
  • So, if a friend posted something about going shopping, which phrase would you use?

    3. Talking about a Sport Day in Bulgarian

    Sporting events, whether you’re the spectator or the sports person, offer fantastic opportunity for great social media posts. Learn some handy phrases and vocabulary to start a sport-on-the-beach conversation in Bulgarian.

    Kamen plays with his friends at the beach, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Да поритаме ли малко? (Da poritame li malko?)
    “Shall we play some soccer?”

    1- да поритаме ли (da poritame li)

    First is an expression meaning “shall we play some soccer”.
    By changing the prefix of a main verb in Bulgarian, you can often slightly alter the meaning of the verb. In front of some verbs, you can put the prefix “по”, which implies that you will perform the specific action only for a short time. Depending on the situation, it might also mean that you are not taking the action seriously.

    2- малко (malko)

    Then comes the phrase – “a bit”.
    Although the short action is implied in the verb, we sometimes add “a bit” in the sentence to indicate our intention. You can also say “поспя – pospya”, which means “to take a nap”, “почета – pocheta”, which means “to read for a while”, or “поработя – porabotya”, which means “to work for some time”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Още изглеждаш в добра форма. (Oshte izglezhdash v dobra forma.)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “You’re still in good shape”.
    Use this expression to compliment the poster on his appearance.

    2- Къде е това място? (Kade e tova myasto?)

    His supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Where is this place?”
    Use this expression to show you are interested in the topic, and would like more information about the location of the poster.

    3- Още те бива. (Oshte te biva.)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “You’re still good.”
    Another expression with which to compliment the poster.

    4- Мъжете си остават момчета завинаги. (Mazhete si ostavat momcheta zavinagi.)

    His girlfriend, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “Men will always remain boys.”
    Use this common saying to tease the poster, if you’re his girlfriend or very good platonic friend.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ритам (ritam): “to play soccer”
  • поритам (poritam): “to play soccer for fun”
  • малко (malko): “a little, some”
  • изглеждам (izglezhdam): “look like”
  • форма (forma): “shape”
  • бива ме (biva me): “be good at”
  • завинаги (zavinagi): “forever”
  • Which phrase would you use if a friend posted something about sports?

    But sport is not the only thing you can play! Play some music, and share it on social media.

    4. Share a Song on Social Media in Bulgarian

    Music is the language of the soul, they say. So, don’t hold back—share what touches your soul with your friends!

    Yana shares a song she just heard at a party, posts an image of the artist, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Всички подивяхме на това ретро. (Vsichki podivyahme na tova retro.)
    “We all went crazy to this retro song.”

    1- всички подивяхме (vsichki podivyahme)

    First is an expression meaning “we all got crazy.”
    As you remember, in Bulgarian we can often skip the personal pronoun in a sentence, as the verb conjugation gives clear indication about the person and number. The only exception is third-person singular, where we need the personal pronoun to explicitly indicate the gender form. Be mindful here with the verb “подивяхме” ( “crazy” ), which could have a negative connotation, depending on the context.

    2- на това ресто (na tova resto)

    Then comes the phrase – “at this retro song”.
    When it comes to music, “да подивея” indicates that people totally loved the performance. Do not be surprised if you get invited to a retro party and end up listening to music from your own school years. The definition of retro music has changed in recent years as it now represents the style and songs that were performed nearly 10 years ago.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Страхотен клип. (Strahoten klip.)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “Great video.”
    Use this expression to indicate your appreciation of the posted music video.

    2- Защо ме няма там? (Zashto me nyama tam?)

    Her nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Why am I not there?”
    Use this expression as a way to indicate your appreciation of the music, or to indicate that you’re feeling excluded, depending on the situation.

    3- Оглеждай се за някой готин пич. (Oglezhday se za nyakoy gotin pich.)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “Look out for some cool guy.”
    Use this expression if you are feeling humorous and want your friend to find you a boyfriend.

    4- Пусни малко лайф! (Pusni malko layf!)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Share some live!”
    Use this expression if you are interested to watch a streamed, real-time video from the poster.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • всички (vsichki): “all, everyone”
  • подивявам (podivyavam): “go crazy”
  • ретро (retro): “retro”
  • страхотен (strahoten): “great”
  • нямам (nyamam): “have no”
  • готин (gotin): “cool”
  • пич (pich): “dude, guy”
  • Which song would you share? And what would you say to a friend who posted something about sharing music or videos?

    Now you know how to start a conversation about a song or a video on social media!

    5. Bulgarian Social Media Comments about a Concert

    Still on the theme of music—visiting live concerts and shows just have to be shared with your friends. Here are some handy phrases and vocab to wow your followers in Bulgarian!

    Kamen goes to a classical concert, posts an image of the orchestra, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    На бароков концерт през седмицата (Na barokov kontsert prez sedmitsata)
    “To a baroque concert on a work day.”

    1- на бароков концерт (na barokov kontsert)

    First is an expression meaning “to a baroque concert.”
    Listening to classical music is not too popular in Bulgaria, but it is always considered to be of classy taste. Classical music concerts, as well as theatre performances, traditionally start between 6 to 7 pm. Therefore, they often take place on week days and are a possible pastime at the end of the working day.

    2- през седмицата (prez sedmitsata)

    Then comes the phrase – “during the (work) week.”
    Friday and Saturday nights are usually the days when people in Bulgaria go clubbing, since they can sleep late during the weekend. Sunday evenings and week days are the times when people like to go to social events – the theater, meetups, professional gatherings, dinner with friends.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Има останали билети, нали? (Ima ostanali bileti, nali?)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “There are tickets left, aren’t there?”
    Use this expression if you’re interested to join the poster, or if you’re being sarcastic about the popularity of classical music concert tickets.

    2- Добър избор! (Dobar izbor!)

    His supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Good choice!”
    Use this expression if you feel positive about the poster’s activity.

    3- Убийствена скука. (Ubiystvena skuka.)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Deadly boring.”
    Use this expression if you disagree from the previous comment, and think the poster’s activity boring.

    4- Ще те пренесе в друга реалност… (Shte te prenese v druga realnost…)

    His high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “It’ll transfer you to another reality…”
    Use this expression if you truly appreciate classical music, and think that attending a live classical concert will a transcending experience for the poster. Or use it to be sarcastic.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • концерт (kontsert): “concert”
  • седмица (sedmitsa): “week”
  • билет (bilet): “ticket”
  • избор (izbor): “choice”
  • друг (drug): “another”
  • убийствен (ubiystven): “killing”
  • пренасям (prenasyam): “carry over, transfer”
  • If a friend posted something about a concert , which phrase would you use?

    6. Talking about an Unfortunate Accident in Bulgarian

    Oh dear. You broke something by accident. Use these Bulgarian phrases to start a thread on social media. Or maybe just to let your friends know why you are not contacting them!

    Yana accidentally breaks her mobile phone, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Ужас, счупи се дисплеят на телефона ми! (Uzhas, schupi se displeyat na telefona mi!)
    “Crap, my phone display is broken!”

    1- Ужас (Uzhas)

    First is an expression meaning “horror, crap”.
    When used at the beginning of a sentence, this word indicates that we want to say something that would grab people’s attention and that we are going to announce something disturbing and negative in nature.

    2- счупи се дисплея на телефона ми (schupi se displeya na telefona mi)

    Then comes the phrase – “my phone display got broken”.
    Possessive pronouns in Bulgarian have two forms – normal and short. The normal form comes in front of the noun, while the short form goes after the noun – “моя телефон, телефона ми”. During an informal conversation, Bulgarians tend to use the shorter form, unless they want to explicitly highlight whose possession they are talking about.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Нали помниш за срещата ни? (Nali pomnish za sreshtata ni?)

    Her supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “You remember about our meeting, don’t you?”
    Use this expression if you want to make sure that the poster knows of or remember your arrangements – presumably because notice of the meeting was sent via text.

    2- Спокойно, ще го оправим. (Spokoyno, shte go opravim.)

    Her boyfriend, Kamen, uses an expression meaning – “Calm down, we’ll fix it.”
    Use this expression if you want to reassure your girlfriend that the situation is under control.

    3- Тъкмо повод да си вземеш нов. (Takmo povod da si vzemesh nov.)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “It’s a good excuse to buy a new one.”
    Make this suggestion if you wish to be supportive.

    4- Голяма работа. (Golyama rabota.)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “No big deal.”
    Use this expression to share your personal opinion about the situation, trivializing the incident the poster is upset about.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • да счупя (da schupya): “break”
  • помня (pomnya): “remember”
  • среща (sreshta): “meeting”
  • спокойно (spokoyno): “quietly”
  • оправям (opravyam): “fix”
  • повод (povod): “occasion”
  • работа (rabota): “work, job”
  • If a friend posted something about having broken something by accident, which phrase would you use?

    So, now you know how to describe an accident in Bulgarian. Well done!

    7. Chat about Your Boredom on Social Media in Bulgarian

    Sometimes, we’re just bored with how life goes. And to alleviate the boredom, we write about it on social media. Add some excitement to your posts by addressing your friends and followers in Bulgarian!

    Kamen gets bored at home, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Тази вечер само някакви сериали по телевизията. (Tazi vecher samo nyakakvi seriali po televiziyata.)
    “There are only (some) series on TV this evening.”

    1- тази вечер само (tazi vecher samo)

    First is an expression meaning – “tonight only”.
    People in Bulgaria often use social media to express feelings, memories, political views, and so on. When they express feelings, they tend to be concise. This is probably the only occasion when they are able to express their meaning even if they skip the verb.

    2- някакви сериали по телевизията (nyakakvi seriali po televiziyata)

    Then comes the phrase – “some series on TV.”
    Although online video is getting more and more popular, TV is still considered the traditional media for news and entertainment in the evening. TV series, reality shows and talk shows tend to be the most popular content during primetime. During the weekend, you will more often find magazine shows, documentaries and movies.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Прочети една книга. (Procheti edna kniga.)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Read a book.”
    Use this expression to offer an alternative to watching TV.

    2- Да намина към теб? (Da namina kam teb?)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Shall I come by?”
    Use this expression to show you want to be helpful to the poster.

    3- Съжалявам, срещата няма край. (Sazhalyavam, sreshtata nyama kray.)

    His girlfriend, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “Sorry, the meeting was endless.”
    Use this expression to offer a reason as to why you were not there to amuse the poster and alleviate his boredom. It also expresses regret.

    4- Радвай се на тишината. (Radvay se na tishinata.)

    His high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “Enjoy the silence.”
    Use this expression to make a suggestion to indicate that being alone and bored need not be a bad experience.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • някакъв (nyakakav): “some, any”
  • сериал (serial): “series”
  • да прочета (da procheta): “read through”
  • съжалявам (sazhalyavam): “sorry”
  • среща (sreshta): “meeting”
  • край (kray): “end”
  • тишина (tishina): “silence”
  • If a friend posted something about being bored, which phrase would you use?

    Still bored? Share another feeling and see if you can start a conversation!

    8. Exhausted? Share It on Social Media in Bulgarian

    Sitting in public transport after work, feeling like chatting online? Well, converse in Bulgarian about how you feel, and let your friends join in!

    Yana feels exhausted after a long day at work, posts an image of herself looking tired, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Толкова съм изтощена, не мога даже и да мисля. (Tolkova sam iztoshtena, ne moga dazhe i da mislya.)
    “I’m so exhausted that I can’t even think.”

    1- толкова съм изтощена (tolkova sam iztoshtena)

    First is an expression meaning – “I’m so exhausted”.
    There are three gender forms in Bulgarian, and they apply to different parts of speech, among which are adjectives. In this particular case, we can easily guess that we have a female speaker, as the feminine form of the adjective “изтощена” is used.

    2- не мога даже и да мисля (ne moga dazhe i da mislya)

    Then comes the phrase – “I cannot even think”.
    It is very easy to create the negative form of a verb – you simply put “не – ne” in front of it and voila, you have it. The only exception is the verb “имам” to have, the negative form of which is “нямам”. Never use “не имам”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Обещавам ти един масаж. (Obeshtavam ti edin masazh.)

    Her boyfriend, Kamen, uses an expression meaning – “I promise to give you a massage.”
    Use this expression to show you wish to be supportive and helpful to your girlfriend.

    2- Срещата беше наистина дълга. (Sreshtata beshe naistina dalga.)

    Her supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “The meeting was really long.”
    Use this expression to be empathetic by offering an explanation.

    3- Един фреш винаги помага. (Edin fresh vinagi pomaga.)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “A fresh juice always helps.”
    Use this expression to make a useful suggestion that could be helpful to the poster.

    4- Утре е петък – време за почивка. (Utre e petak – vreme za pochivka.)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “It’s Friday tomorrow – time to (have a) rest.”
    This is another comment that offers a helpful suggestion in order to help the poster.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • толкова (tolkova): “so”
  • изтощен (iztoshten): “tired”
  • мисля (mislya): “think”
  • обещавам (obeshtavam): “promise”
  • масаж (masazh): “massage”
  • дълъг (dalag): “long”
  • винаги (vinagi): “always”
  • If a friend posted something about being exhausted, which phrase would you use?

    Now you know how to say you’re exhausted in Bulgarian! Well done.

    9. Talking about an Injury in Bulgarian

    So life happens, and you manage to hurt yourself during a soccer game. Very Tweet-worthy! Here’s how to do it in Bulgarian.

    Kamen suffers a painful injury, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Тази сутрин – посещение до Бърза помощ. (Tazi sutrin – poseshtenie do Barza pomosht.)
    “This morning – a visit to the Emergency room.”

    1- Тази сутрин (Tazi sutrin)

    First is an expression meaning “This morning.”
    Because you can often skip the personal pronoun in a sentence when talking in Bulgarian, there is some flexibility when it comes to the sentence structure. You can start the sentence with the verb – “отидох до Бърза помощ”- I went to the Emergency room. Or you can also start the sentence with an indication about the time – “тази сутрин” which means “this morning”, “утре вечер” which means “tomorrow evening”, and so on.

    2- посещение до Бърза помощ (poseshtenie do Barza pomosht)

    Then comes the phrase – “a visit to the Emergency room.”
    A visit to the Emergency room is always associated with a negative personal experience or some kind of accident. The Emergency room is also where you look for medical help during the night. “Бърза” actually means “fast” and not “urgent”, such as in the case of an emergency.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Какви ги вършиш? (Kakvi gi varshish?)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “What have you been doing?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling concerned for the poster’s wellbeing, and would like to know more.

    2- Оправяй се бързо! (Opravyay se barzo!)

    His supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Get better soon!”
    Use this expression to be compassionate and wish the poster a speedy recovery.

    3- Можеше и по-зле да е. (Mozheshe i po-zle da e.)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “It could have been worse.”
    Use this expression if you think that reminding the poster of worse could be helpful.

    4- Горкият, сигурно боли. (Gorkiyat, sigurno boli.)

    His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Poor you. It surely is painful.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling compassionate and caring.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • посещение (poseshtenie): “visit”
  • Бърза помощ (Barza pomosht): “Emergency”
  • върша (varsha): “do, make”
  • оправям се (opravyam se): “get better”
  • зле (zle): “badly”
  • боля (bolya): “hurt”
  • сигурно (sigurno): “certainly, surely”
  • If a friend posted something about being injured, which phrase would you use?

    We love to share our fortunes and misfortunes; somehow that makes us feel connected to others.

    10. Starting a Conversation Feeling Disappointed in Bulgarian

    Sometimes things don’t go the way we planned. Share your disappointment about this with your friends!

    Yana feels disappointed about today’s weather, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Днес обещаваха слънце, а то – потискаща мъгла. (Dnes obeshtavaha slantse, a to – potiskashta magla.)
    “They promised a sunny day today, but what we have is an oppressive fog.”

    1- Днес обещаваха слънце, (Dnes obeshtavaha slantse,)

    First is an expression meaning – “They have promised a sunny day today”.
    Verbs in Bulgarian mostly come in pairs. One verb in the pair implies continuity of the action (обещавам), whereas the second one implies completion (обещая). However, both verbs share the same translation in English, which might create confusion at the beginning.

    2- а то – потискаща мъгла (a to – potiskashta magla)

    Then comes the phrase – “but it is an oppressive fog”.
    In Bulgaria, the fog is generally associated with negative feelings of blurred vision, tangled thoughts or feeling lost. The word is often used in phrases to express similar conditions: “в главата ми е пълна мъгла” literally translates as “It is an absolute fog in my head” and is used to express that the person’s thoughts are tangled and that they do not see a clear direction.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Ще отмине. (Shte otmine.)

    Her supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “It’ll pass.”
    Use this expression if you are feeling confident that the situation is not serious.

    2- Тъкмо време за в офиса. (Takmo vreme za v ofisa.)

    Her boyfriend, Kamen, uses an expression meaning – “Just the right time to be at the office.”
    Use this comment if you want to be humorous with some sarcasm.

    3- Поне не вали. (Pone ne vali.)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “At least it’s not raining.”
    Use this expression to remind the poster that things could have been worse.

    4- А на мен ми e тайнствено. (A na men mi е taynstveno.)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “It feels so mysterious to me.”
    Use this expression to share a personal opinion about the fog.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • обещавам (obeshtavam): “promise”
  • потискащ (potiskasht): “oppressive”
  • мъгла (magla): “fog”
  • време (vreme): “weather”
  • да отмина (da otmina): “pass by”
  • офис (ofis): “office”
  • тайнствен (taynstven): “mysterious”
  • How would you comment in Bulgarian when a friend is disappointed?

    Not all posts need to be about a negative feeling, though!

    11. Talking about Your Relationship Status in Bulgarian

    Don’t just change your relationship status in Settings, talk about it!

    Kamen changes his status to “In a relationship”, posts an image of him and Yana, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Какво повече да кажа – обвързан (Kakvo poveche da kazha – obvarzan)
    “What more shall I say – in a relationship.”

    1- какво повече да кажа (kakvo poveche da kazha)

    First is an expression meaning “What more shall I say”.
    It might sound stereotypical, but men in Bulgaria do not express extreme positive feelings such as enthusiasm or excitement over or in relationships. This transfers to the web as well, where they tend to express opinions rather than feelings.

    2- обвързан (obvarzan)

    Then comes the phrase – “in a relationship”.
    When it comes to relationships in particular, it is easy to see why men would prefer not to mention the event by only changing their status. The word “обвързан” also means “bound/tied up”, and is somewhat associated with the state of helplessness.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Много любов! (Mnogo lyubov!)

    His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Lots of love!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling warmhearted and enthusiastic about the announcement.

    2- Предаде се, братле. (Predade se, bratle.)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “You gave up, bro.”
    Use this expression to joke with the poster.

    3- И какво – край на ергенските купони? (I kakvo – kray na ergenskite kuponi?)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Now what – no more bachelor parties?”
    This is another comment in the vein of the previous one, which is to use negative humour.

    4- Не е страшно, спокойно. (Ne e strashno, spokoyno.)

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “It’s not scary, relax.”
    Use this expression to be funny.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • повече (poveche): “more”
  • да кажа (da kazha): “to say”
  • обвързан (obvarzan): “bound, in a relationship”
  • предавам се (predavam se): “give up, surrender”
  • братле (bratle): “bro, brother”
  • ергенски (ergenski): “bachelor”
  • спокойно (spokoyno): “quietly, patiently”
  • What would you say in Bulgarian when a friend changes their relationship status?

    Being in a good relationship with someone special is good news – don’t be shy to spread it!

    12. Post about Getting Married in Bulgarian

    Wow, so things got serious, and you’re getting married. Congratulations! Or, your friend is getting married, so talk about this in Bulgarian.

    Yana is getting married today, so she eaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Най-хубавият ден с мъжа мечта до мен. (Nay-hubaviyat den s mazha mechta do men.)
    “The best day ever, with my dream man by my side.”

    1- Най-хубавият ден с (Nay-hubaviyat den s)

    First is an expression meaning “The best day with”.
    While men do not easily express positive feelings openly, especially about relationships, women rarely hold back. They frequently use superlative forms such as “the best” or “the most beautiful” and talk easily about personal events such as their wedding day.

    2- мъжа мечта до мен (mazha mechta do men)

    Then comes the phrase – “my dream man by my side.”
    Women dream about getting married to their “dream man”, whereas marriage for men feels as if they get shackled. This is a common stereotype. In Bulgarian, you can easily turn the word marriage into the verb “to discard, to throw for scrap”. Therefore, it is a common joke among close friends to say “they’ve been scrapped” instead of “they’ve got married”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Толкова се радвам за вас! (Tolkova se radvam za vas!)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “I’m so happy for you!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling positive and enthusiastic about the poster’s announcement.

    2- Бра-ку-ва-ни! (Bra-ku-va-ni!)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Just married!”
    Use this expression to make conversation that’s neutral.

    3- Честито! (Chestito!)

    Her supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Congratulations!”
    This is the traditional way of congratulating someone.

    4- Да остареете заедно! (Da ostareete zaedno!)

    Her nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “May you both grow old together!”
    This is a warmhearted, positive wish for the couple’s future.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • хубав (hubav): “beautiful”
  • мечта (mechta): “dream”
  • толкова (tolkova): “so”
  • радвам се (radvam se): “be glad”
  • брак (brak): “marriage, scrap”
  • бракувам (brakuvam): “discard, scrap”
  • остарявам (ostaryavam): “grow old”
  • How would you respond in Bulgarian to a friend’s post about getting married?

    For the next topic, fast forward about a year into the future after the marriage…

    13. Announcing Big News in Bulgarian

    Wow, huge stuff is happening in your life! Announce it in Bulgarian.

    Kamen finds out he and his wife are going to have a baby, posts an image of the two of them, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Догодина по това време ще сме трима! (Dogodina po tova vreme shte sme trima!)
    “This time next year, there will be three of us!”

    1- Догодина по това време (Dogodina po tova vreme)

    First is an expression meaning – “This time next year”.
    This phrase can be used to express that what you are talking about will happen exactly one year from now.

    2- ще сме трима (shte sme trima)

    Then comes the phrase – “there will be three of us”.
    While a pregnant woman might announce this happy event in a straightforward manner by saying: “We’ll have a baby”, men might not feel comfortable talking so directly about it. They would prefer to use a more roundabout way of doing it, if they mention it at all, before the birth.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Да сте благословени! (Da ste blagosloveni!)

    His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “May you be blessed!”
    Use this as a warmhearted blessing for the expecting couple.

    2- Браво на вас. (Bravo na vas.)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Good for you.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling positive about the news.

    3- Време e за малко шопинг. (Vreme e za malko shopping.)

    His wife’s high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “It’s time for some shopping.”
    Use this expression to be humorous.

    4- Да сте живи и здрави. (Da ste zhivi i zdravi.)

    His high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “Health and prosperity.”
    Use this expression to wish the couple positive things for the future with their baby.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • догодина (dogodina): “next year”
  • време (vreme): “time”
  • благословен (blagosloven): “blessed”
  • браво (bravo): “well done”
  • малко (malko): “some”
  • жив (zhiv): “alive”
  • здрав (zdrav): “healthy”
  • Which phrase would you choose when a friend announces their pregnancy on social media?

    So, talking about a pregnancy will get you a lot of traction on social media. But wait till you see the responses to babies!

    14. Posting Bulgarian Comments about Your Baby

    Your bundle of joy is here, and you cannot keep quiet about it! Share your thoughts in Bulgarian.

    Yana plays with her baby, posts an image of the angel, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Малкото ми съкровище днес е в прекрасно настроение (Malkoto mi sakrovishte dnes e v prekrasno nastroenie.)
    “My little treasure is in a great mood today.”

    1- Малкото ми съкровище (Malkoto mi sakrovishte)

    First is an expression meaning “my little treasure .”
    Quite often parents and adults refer to small children by some phrase that describes their attitude or relationship to them rather than by their name. For example, the would say “my small treasure”, “gold”, “My Princess”, “beauty”, “young gentleman” and the like.

    2- днес е в прекрасно настроение (dnes e v prekrasno nastroenie)

    Then comes the phrase – “it is in a great mood today.”
    Bulgarians in general tend to describe their feelings and moods with moderate words – nice, good, gloomy, sad. When you hear them using superlative words such as splendid, fantastic, or spectacular, it indicates that they are either in a particularly good mood, or they are using it sarcastically.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Толкова чаровна усмивка. (Tolkova charovna usmivka.)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Such a charming smile.”
    Use this expression to give a compliment.

    2- Страхотни сте. (Strahotni ste.)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “You are awesome.”
    Use this expression to be supportive and appreciative of the poster.

    3- Кога ще ви видим? (Koga shte vi vidim?)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “When will we see you?”
    Ask this question if you wish to make arrangements with the poster, presumably to meet the little one.

    4- Гъди-гъди (Gadi-gadi)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Tickle-tickle.”
    Use this expression to make conversation that pertains to the way one would play with a baby – ticking it.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • съкровище (sakrovishte): “treasure”
  • днес (dnes): “today”
  • прекрасен (prekrasen): “splendid”
  • настроение (nastroenie): “mood”
  • чаровен (charoven): “charming”
  • страхотен (strahoten): “great”
  • да се видим (da se vidim): “see each other”
  • If your friend is the mother or father, which phrase would you use on social media?

    Congratulations, you know the basics of chatting about a baby in Bulgarian! But we’re not done with families yet…

    15. Bulgarian Comments about a Family Reunion

    Family reunions – some you love, some you hate. Share about it on your feed.

    Kamen goes to a family gathering, posts an image of the group, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Събра се рода̀та на пълна софра (Sabra se rodàta na palna sofra)
    “The family gathered around a rich table.”

    1- Събра се рода̀та (Sabra se rodàta)

    First is an expression meaning “The family gathered .”
    When you use this phrase, it implies that there is a special occasion and that the extended family has gotten together – this usually includes even 2nd or 3rd cousins.

    2- на пълна софра (na palna sofra)

    Then comes the phrase – “around a rich table.”
    “Sofra” is a word which remained in Bulgarian from the Turkish language. It is used rarely, and in this particular expression, it indicates that the table is rich and full of a variety of foods.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Наздраве! (Nazdrave!)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Cheers!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling frivolous and want to make conversation by saluting the family.

    2- Догодина пак. (Dogodina pak.)

    His nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Next year again.”
    Use this expression to comment as a family member on the meeting.

    3- Много хубава енергия. (Mnogo hubava energiya.)

    His wife, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “Very positive energy.”
    Use this expression if you feel positive about meeting with your husband’s family.

    4- Къде бяхте? (Kade byahte?)

    His wife’s high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “Where were you?”
    Ask this question to show you are feeling curious regarding the party’s location.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • рода̀ (rodà): “kin, family”
  • събирам се (sabiram se): “get together”
  • пълен (palen): “full”
  • софра (sofra): “sofra, a table set for eating a meal”
  • енергия (energiya): “power, energy”
  • хубав (hubav): “nice”
  • къде (kade): “where”
  • Which phrase is your favorite to comment on a friend’s photo about a family reunion?

    16. Post about Your Travel Plans in Bulgarian

    So, the family are going on holiday. Do you know to post and leave comments in Bulgarian about being at the airport, waiting for a flight?

    Yana waits at the airport for her flight, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    Заложници на бурния вятър вече два часа (Zalozhnitsi na burniya vyatar veche dva chasa)
    “Hostages of the stormy winds for two hours now.”

    1- Заложници на бурния вятър (Zalozhnitsi na burniya vyatar)

    First is an expression meaning “Hostages of the stormy winds .”
    “Hostage” is a common word to use in Bulgaria whenever extreme weather conditions make people feel helpless, constrained and bound to a specific place – a hut in a mountain, the station or, in this case, the airport.

    2- вече два часа (veche dva chasa)

    Then comes the phrase – “for two hours now.”
    Numbers one and two are specific in Bulgarian as they change according to gender. When it comes to “two”, you can see it as “две/dve” for feminine and neuter, “два/dva” for nouns in masculine, and “двама/dvama” when you talk about “two males” in particular.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Търпение. (Tarpenie.)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Be patient.”
    Use this expression to offer simple, supportive advice.

    2- Поне полетът е кратък. (Pone poletat e kratak.)

    Her husband, Kamen, uses an expression meaning – “At least it’s a short flight.”
    Use this expression to offer a supportive way to look at the situation.

    3- За къде летиш? (Za kade letish?)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “Where are you flying to?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling curious about the poster’s destination. Questions are a great way to make conversation.

    4- Късмет. (Kasmet.)

    Her nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Best of luck.”
    Use this expression if you mean to wish the poster well.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • заложник (zalozhnik): “hostage”
  • бурен (buren): “stormy”
  • вятър (vyatar): “wind”
  • търпение (tarpenie): “patience”
  • полет (polet): “flight”
  • кратък (kratak): “short”
  • летя (letya): “fly”
  • Choose and memorize your best airport phrase in Bulgarian!

    Hopefully the rest of the trip is better!

    17. Posting about an Interesting Find in Bulgarian

    So maybe you’re strolling around at a local market, and find something interesting. Here are some handy Bulgarian phrases!

    Kamen finds an unusual item at a local market, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Упоритостта се отплаща с истинска находка на пазара. (Uporitostta se otplashta s istinska nahodka na pazara.)
    “Persistence pays off with a genuine find at the local market.”

    1- Упоритостта се отплаща с (Uporitostta se otplashta s)

    First is an expression meaning “Persistence pays off with”.
    Although Bulgarians are often sceptical people, they do want to believe that good qualities and efforts pay off, therefore this expression is quite common. It can start with words as persistence, hard work, politeness, kindness, and so on.

    2- истинска находка на пазара (istinska nahodka na pazara)

    Then comes the phrase – “a genuine find at the local market”.
    In a few cities, apart from the farmers market, some other smaller marketplaces or specialized sections of a larger one can be found, where people would sell small collectables, antiques, books or knitting decorations.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Винаги! (Vinagi!)

    His supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Always does!”
    Use this expression if you’re in agreement with the poster’s comment.

    2- Какво е това? (Kakvo e tova?)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “What is this?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling curious about the poster’s find.

    3- Идеално ще ти пасне в хола. (Idealno shte ti pasne v hola.)

    His high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “It will fit so nicely in your living room.”
    This is a personal opinion, one probably best suited if you know the poster’s home.

    4- Изглежда интересно. (Izglezhda interesno.)

    His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Looks interesting.”
    Use this expression to make positive conversation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • упоритост (uporitost): “persistence”
  • отплащам се (otplashtam se): “pay back”
  • истински (istinski): “genuine”
  • находка (nahodka): “finding”
  • пазар (pazar): “market”
  • идеален (idealen): “perfect”
  • пасвам (pasvam): “fit”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s interesting find?

    Perhaps you will even learn the identity of your find! Or perhaps you’re on holiday, and visiting interesting places…

    18. Post about a Sightseeing Trip in Bulgarian

    Let your friends know what you’re up to in Bulgarian, especially when visiting a remarkable place! Don’t forget the photo.

    Yana visits a famous landmark, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    На Айфеловата кула – една сбъдната мечта (Na Ayfelovata kula – edna sbadnata mechta)
    “At the Eiffel Tower – a dream come true.”

    1- На Айфеловата кула (Na Ayfelovata kula)

    First is an expression meaning “At the Eiffel Tower”.
    Even when Bulgarians were not able to travel a lot in Europe, French language and movies have always been popular. The Eiffel Tower is still the symbol for something distant, desired and romantic.

    2- една сбъдната мечта (edna sbadnata mechta)

    Then comes the phrase – “a dream come true”.
    Visiting the Eiffel Tower is still a fervent dream for some. Even if they happen to visit Paris, but do not manage to get on the Eiffel Tower, they will feel disappointed and dissatisfied with their trip.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Грееш от радост… (Greesh ot radost…)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “You are shining with joy…”
    Use this expression to comment on the poster’s radiant appearance.

    2- Кой те снима? (Koy te snima?)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “Who took the shot for you?”
    Use this expression to make fun of the poster by being unbelieving and questioning the authenticity of the picture. Or, if you’re really curious and want more detail.

    3- Време е за нови планове (Vreme e za novi planove)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “It’s time for new plans now”.
    This expression means that the poster has fulfilled one goal, and now it’s time to find new ones. A positive, optimistic comment.

    4- Доживя значи. (Dozhivya znachi.)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “You lived to see it then.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling pleased together with the poster for fulfilling this life-long dream.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • сбъднат (sbadnat): “come true, accomplished”
  • мечта (mechta): “dream”
  • грея (greya): “glow”
  • радост (radost): “joy”
  • снимам (snimam): “take a photo, shoot”
  • нов (nov): “new”
  • да доживея (da dozhiveya): “to live long enough to see”
  • Which phrase would you prefer when a friend posts about a famous landmark?

    Share your special places with the world. Or simply post about your relaxing experiences.

    19. Post about Relaxing Somewhere in Bulgarian

    So you’re doing nothing yet you enjoy that too? Tell your social media friends about it in Bulgarian!

    Kamen relaxes at a beautiful place, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Почивка след няколко часа гмуркане. (Pochivka sled nyakolko chasa gmurkane.)
    “Some relaxation after a few hours of scuba diving.”

    1- Почивка (Pochivka)

    First is an expression meaning “break, holiday, relax time”.
    This is a general word used to describe the time spent relaxing or off work, whether it’s a few minutes break or a dreamed of holiday trip.

    2- след няколко часа гмуркане (sled nyakolko chasa gmurkane)

    Then comes the phrase – “after a few hours of scuba diving”.
    Diving in the Black Sea is possible but is not considered such an exciting pastime. The sea has little vegetation and quickly goes very deep. Therefore, if a person says they scuba dived, it is implied that they took a holiday somewhere abroad in a warmer and more exotic destination.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Завиждам ви. (Zavizhdam vi.)

    His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “I envy you.”
    Use this expression to show you wish you were engaged in the same activity as the poster.

    2- Вече е поизтъркано, брат. (Veche e poiztarkano, brat.)

    His nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “It’s already clichéd, bro.”
    This is a personal opinion that could be construed as cynical criticism, so best reserved this for friends and family whom you know well, and vice versa.

    3- Добре изглежда. (Dobre izglezhda.)

    His supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “It looks quite nice.”
    Use this pleasant comment just to make conversation.

    4- Ех, райско е. (Eh, raysko e.)

    His wife, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “Ah, it seems like paradise.”
    This fulfills the same function as the previous one, but it is put more originally.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • почивка (pochivka): “break, relaxation”
  • гмуркане (gmurkane): “scuba diving”
  • завиждам (zavizhdam): “envy”
  • изглеждам (izglezhdam): “look like, seem”
  • райски (rayski): “heavenly, from the paradise”
  • добре (dobre): “well”
  • поизтъркан (poiztarkan): “worn out”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s feed?

    The break was great, but now it’s time to return home.

    20. What to Say in Bulgarian When You’re Home Again

    And you’re back! What will you share with friends and followers?

    Yana returns home after a vacation, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    У дома след незабравимо плаване из островите. (U doma sled nezabravimo plavane iz ostrovite.)
    “Finally home after a memorable sailing trip around the islands.”

    1- У дома след (U doma sled)

    First is an expression meaning “at home after.”
    There are a few expressions to say “at home” in Bulgarian. This particular one implies the sense of longing, homecoming, and belonging. “У дома/ u doma” refers to the place where you feel like your real self, not just the place where you currently reside.

    2- незабравимо плаване из островите (nezabravimo plavane iz ostrovite)

    Then comes the phrase – “a memorable sailing trip around the islands…”
    There are seven Bulgarian islands in the Black Sea. Sailing to them is not very popular because most of them used to be military areas with restricted access, making sailing to or around them not possible. Therefore, the Greek islands are the closest place Bulgarians can go sailing.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Иска ми се да беше продължило. (Iska mi se da beshe prodalzhilo.)

    Her husband, Kamen, uses an expression meaning – “I wish it could have lasted longer.”
    Use this expression to share an opinion.

    2- Чакам подаръци. (Chakam podaratsi.)

    Her nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “I am awaiting for the gifts.”
    Use this expression if you expect gifts from the poster.

    3- Нова чанта ли виждам? (Nova chanta li vizhdam?)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “Do I see a new handbag?”
    Use this expression if you’re playful and curious about what you see in the photo.

    4- Свежарка си. (Svezharka si.)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “You look so fresh.”
    Use this expression to compliment the poster’s appearance.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • у дома (u doma): “at home”
  • незабравим (nezabravim): “unforgettable”
  • плаване (plavane): “sailing”
  • остров (ostrov): “island”
  • продължавам (prodalzhavam): “continue”
  • иска ми се (iska mi se): “I wish”
  • подарък (podarak): “gift, present”
  • How would you welcome a friend back from a trip?

    What do you post on social media during a public commemoration day such as Liberation Day?

    21. It’s Time to Celebrate in Bulgarian

    It’s an historic day and you wish to post something about it on social media. What would you say?

    Kamen observes Liberation Day, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Незаменима енергия в Деня на Освобождението (Nezamenima energiya v Denya na Osvobozhdenieto)
    “Unique energy on Liberation Day.”

    1- Незаменима енергия (Nezamenima energiya)

    First is an expression meaning “Unique energy .”
    As you remember, adjectives in Bulgarian change according to gender and number. In the vocabulary section, we only mention their masculine form, but it is a good practice to repeat all the gender forms when trying to memorize adjectives.

    2- в Деня на Освобождението (v Denya na Osvobozhdenieto)

    Then comes the phrase – “on the Liberation Day.”
    It is interesting to know that 30 years passed between the Day of Liberation and the Day of Bulgarian Independence. However, Liberation Day is much more festive for a lot of Bulgarians, as it is related to a very dramatic battle that happened on March 3, in the Bulgarian Mountain range, which includes the Shipka-Sheinovo mountain. This day marked the beginning of Bulgaria becoming a free, democratic country when it was liberated from Ottoman dominion.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Толкова е ветровито на Шипка. (Tolkova e vetrovito na Shipka.)

    His nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “It’s so windy on Shipka.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling cynical.

    2- Защо не се обади да дойда и аз? (Zashto ne se obadi da doyda i az?)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Why didn’t you call so that I could have joined?”
    Use this expression if you feel excluded.

    3- Страхотно е тук! (Strahotno e tuk!)

    His wife, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “It’s amazing here!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling in awe of your location.

    4- Догодина пак. (Dogodina pak.)

    His high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “(Let’s go) again next year.”
    Use this expression to show you enjoyed the experience and wish to repeat it next year.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • незаменим (nezamenim): “irreplaceable”
  • енергия (energiya): “power, energy”
  • ветровит (vetrovit): “windy”
  • да се обадя (da se obadya): “to give a call”
  • да дойда (da doyda): “come”
  • страхотен (strahoten): “great”
  • тук (tuk): “here”
  • If a friend posted something about a holiday, which phrase would you use?

    Liberation Day and other public commemoration days are not the only special ones to remember!

    22. Posting about a Birthday on Social Media in Bulgarian

    Your friend or you are celebrating your birthday in an unexpected way. Be sure to share this on social media!

    Yana goes to her birthday party, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    За първи път гост на собственото си парти (Za parvi pat gost na sobstvenoto si parti)
    “A guest to my own party for the first time.”

    1- За първи път (Za parvi pat)

    First is an expression meaning “for the first time..”
    Social media is a convenient means of sharing first-time experiences with many friends simultaneously.

    2- гост на собственото си парти (gost na sobstvenoto si parti)

    Then comes the phrase – “a guest to my own party .”
    In Bulgaria, it is usually the birthday person who organizes the party and invites friends, rather than the other way around. Surprise parties are not a common event, so when they do happen, they’re quite unexpected for the birthday person.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Успяхме, нали? (Uspyahme, nali?)

    Her nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “We made it, didn’t we?”
    Use this expression to make conversation about the surprise party.

    2- Наздраве! (Nazdrave!)

    Her college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “Cheers!”
    Use this expression to congratulate the birthday person in a casual manner.

    3- Какво си пожела? (Kakvo si pozhela?)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “What wish did you make?”
    Ask this question to demonstrate your interest in the topic and to keep the conversation going.

    4- Честит рожден ден! (Chestit rozhden den!)

    Her supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Happy Birthday!”
    This is a traditional birthday wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • гост (gost): “guest”
  • първи (parvi): “first”
  • собствен (sobstven): “own”
  • парти (parti): “party”
  • успявам (uspyavam): “manage to”
  • какво (kakvo): “what”
  • пожелавам си (pozhelavam si): “I wish for myself”
  • If a friend posted something about birthday greetings, which phrase would you use?

    23. Talking about New Year on Social Media in Bulgarian

    Impress your friends with your Bulgarian New Year’s wishes this year. Learn the phrases easily!

    Kamen celebrates the New Year, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Нова година с още повече късмет! (Nova godina s oshte poveche kasmet!)
    “A new year with even more luck!”

    1- Нова година (Nova godina)

    First is an expression meaning “A New Year”.
    New Year’s Eve is an occasion to go party with friends, organize a noisy house party, or celebrate somewhere in the mountains with company. The new year is associated with new beginnings. Different rituals for prosperity used to be performed around it.

    2- с още повече късмет (s oshte poveche kasmet)

    Then comes the phrase – “with even more luck.”
    New Year’s wishes usually include words for health, prosperity, good luck, money and success.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- За много години! (Za mnogo godini!)

    His wife, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “For many years on!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling festive and agree with the poster.

    2- Шампанско да се лее. (Shampansko da se lee.)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “May the champagne flow freely.”
    Use this phrase as an unconventional prosperity-wish for New Year.

    3- Здрава и благополучна! (Zdrava i blagopoluchna!)

    His neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “Health and prosperity!”
    This is a common exclamation when you want to wish someone good health and a prosperous future.

    4- ЧНГ! (CHNG!)

    His wife’s high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “HNY! (abbreviation for Happy New Year!)”
    Use this expression as a modern, casual New Year’s wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • късмет (kasmet): “luck”
  • година (godina): “year”
  • повече (poveche): “more”
  • още (oshte): “(some) more”
  • лея се (leya se): “flow freely, run fast (for liquid)”
  • благополучен (blagopoluchen): “prosperous”
  • Ч.Н.Г. (Ch.N.G.): “Ch. n. g. (abbreviation for Happy New Year)”
  • Which is your favorite phrase to post on social media during New Year?

    But before New Year’s Day comes another important day…

    24. What to Post on Christmas Day in Bulgarian

    What will you say in Bulgarian about Christmas?

    Yana celebrates Christmas with her family, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Yana’s post.

    А преди години са седeли на пода върху слама… (A predi godini sa sedeli na poda varhu slama…)
    “Years ago they used to sit on the floor (on) straw…”

    1- А преди години са седeли (A predi godini sa sedeli)

    First is an expression meaning “Years ago they used to sit”.
    Christmas Eve and Christmas days are strictly family events in Bulgaria. When the majority of the population used to live in rural areas, there were rituals related to the richness and prosperity of the house performed on these days.

    2- на пода върху слама. (na poda varhu slama.)

    Then comes the phrase – “on the floor (on) straw”.
    Sitting on straw was part of the ritual for abundant cereal crops and the health of family members.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Yana’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Истински семеен празник (Istinski semeen praznik)

    Her neighbor, Gergana, uses an expression meaning – “That’s a real family celebration.”
    This is a general comment and positive personal observation.

    2- Харесвам прогреса. (Haresvam progresa.)

    Her high school friend, Veneta, uses an expression meaning – “I love progress.”
    Use this expression to be humorous, but it might be offensive to Christians who are serious and conservative about their faith. Therefore, it would be best to be sensitive who you say this to.

    3- Взе ли пара̀та? (Vze li parata?)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Silviya, uses an expression meaning – “Did you get the coin?”
    It is the custom to eat Bulgarian Christmas bread called “koledna pitka” on Christmas Eve, which traditionally has a silver coin tucked in. It’s the belief that the person who finds the coin would have good fortune. Obviously, ask this question if you’re curious about who found the lucky coin.

    4- А не, благодаря. Не е за мен. (A ne, blagodarya. Ne e za men.)

    Her nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “No, thanks. That’s not for me.”
    Use this phrase to express your personal opinion.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • преди (predi): “ago, before”
  • седя (sedya): “sit down”
  • под (pod): “floor”
  • слама (slama): “straw”
  • истински (istinski): “real”
  • семеен (semeen): “family”
  • пара̀ (parà): “old coin”
  • If a friend posted something about Christmas greetings, which phrase would you use?

    So, the festive season is over! Yet, there will always be other days, besides a birthday, to wish someone well.

    25. Post about Your Anniversary in Bulgarian

    Some things deserve to be celebrated, like wedding anniversaries. Learn which Bulgarian phrases are meaningful and best suited for this purpose!

    Kamen celebrates his wedding anniversary with his wife, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Kamen’s post.

    Преди година тя каза “ДА” пред всички (Predi godina tya kaza “DA” pred vsichki)
    “A year ago she said “Yes” in front of everyone.”

    1- Преди година тя каза “ДА” (Predi godina tya kaza “DA” )

    First is an expression meaning “A year ago she said “Yes”.
    In order for a marriage to be legal in Bulgaria, the couple must sign an official document in front of witnesses. This document is a free and explicit declaration of their mutual desire to get married.

    2- пред всички (pred vsichki)

    Then comes the phrase – “in front of everyone”.
    Apart from the civic ritual, the couple can also decide to have a church wedding. As the church ceremony is not so much focused on the couple themselves but on their relationship with God, there is actually not a single moment when the bride and groom are asked to exchange vows.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Kamen’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Кога мина година? (Koga mina godina?)

    His college friend, Kosyo, uses an expression meaning – “When did a whole year pass by?”
    Use this phrase to express your amazement at how fast time went.

    2- Бъдете щастливи заедно още безброй години. (Badete shtastlivi zaedno oshte bezbroy godini.)

    His wife, Yana, uses an expression meaning – “Be happy together for countless years ahead.”
    Use this expression if you want to wish your marriage well on your anniversary.

    3- Честита годишнина! (Chestita godishnina!)

    His supervisor, Plamen, uses an expression meaning – “Happy anniversary!”
    This is the traditional anniversary well-wish.

    4- Живи и здрави! (Zhivi i zdravi!)

    His nephew, Vasil, uses an expression meaning – “Be alive and happy!”
    This is another good wish that’s appropriate for the occasion, but not traditional.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • всички (vsichki): “all, everyone”
  • пред (pred): “in front of”
  • преди (predi): “ago, before”
  • минавам (minavam): “go by, pass by”
  • щастлив (shtastliv): “happy”
  • заедно (zaedno): “together”
  • безброй (bezbroy): “countless”
  • If a friend posted something about Anniversary greetings, which phrase would you use?

    Conclusion

    Learning to speak a new language will always be easier once you know key phrases that everybody uses. These would include commonly used expressions for congratulations and best wishes, etc.

    Master these in fun ways with Learn Bulgarian! We offer a variety of tools to individualize your learning experience, including using cell phone apps, audiobooks, iBooks and many more. Never wonder again what to say on social media!

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    Celebrating Revival Leaders’ Day in Bulgaria

    There is a special holiday in Bulgaria dedicated to the national revival leaders. These leaders of the Bulgarian people are bookmen and revolutionaries; people who through the different periods of time had helped with the enlightenment of the Bulgarian people.

    In this article, you’ll learn about Revival Leaders’ Day (sometimes called National Revival Day) and how Bulgarians celebrate. Further, we’ll provide you with some information on those involved in the Bulgarian national revival.

    At BulgarianPod101.com, we hope to make every aspect of your learning journey both fun and informative!

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    1. What is Revival Leaders’ Day?

    The Day of the Bulgarian National Revival Leaders is a public holiday, celebrated annually with torchlight processions. The holiday emerged as a way of commemorating the work of people who helped in the national liberation movement of the country. The role of such people in the revival and promotion of the Bulgarian spirit through hard historic events is very important.

    Who are the national leaders honored on this day? They include Saint Ivan of Rila, Paìsiy Hilendàrski (Paisius of Hilendar), Vasil Levski, Hristo Botev, Ivan Vazov, and many other people who had contributed to the development of Bulgaria through history. The church holiday on which the Day of Saint Ivan of Rila was commemorated turned into an official holiday under the name Day of the Bulgarian National Revival Leaders.

    In 1945, the communist regime in Bulgaria revoked the holiday celebration, because it was in contradiction with the propaganda and censorship imposed at that time. Despite this, it was celebrated unofficially, and in 1992 it became an official holiday again. Since 2002, on this day, the national flag in front of the Presidency is raised and the changing of the sentry takes place, as on other big holidays.

    2. When is National Revival Leaders’ Day?

    Bulgarian Flag

    Each year, Bulgarians celebrate the Bulgarian Revival Leaders’ Day on November 1.

    3. Popular Revival Day Traditions & Celebrations

    A Special Program

    The Day of the Bulgarian National Revival Leaders is a non-attendance day for all schools. Instead, the Bulgarian high school and university students hold parades, while the museums offer free admission.

    As mentioned earlier, there are also torchlight processions on this day. Other festivities include masses for the dead and special school programs related to the Bulgarian revival.

    4. Two Other Holidays

    What else is celebrated on the Day of the Bulgarian National Revival Leaders?

    Since 1991, November 1 has also been regarded and celebrated as the Day of Bulgarian Science and the Day of Bulgarian Journalism. On this day, the Union of Bulgarian Journalists gives its annual awards.

    5. Essential Revival Leaders’ Day Vocabulary

    View of Misty Land from Above

    Here’s the most essential vocabulary you should know for Revival Leaders’ Day!

    • Паисий Хилендарски
      Paisii Hilendarski
      Paisius of Hilendar
    • Прекланям се
      Preklanyam se
      Bow
    • Просветител
      Prosvetitel
      Enlightener
    • Възраждам се
      Vazrazhdam se
      Resuscitate
    • Възрожденски
      Vazrozhdenski
      Renaissance
    • Държавен суверенитет
      Darzhaven suverenitet
      State sovereignty
    • Памет
      Pamet
      Memory
    • Отменен
      Otmenen
      Canceled
    • Свети Иоан Рилски
      Sveti Ioan Rilski
      Saint John of Rila
    • Национално самосъзнание
      Natsionalno samosaznanie
      National identity awareness
    • Наум
      Naum
      In one’s mind
    • Уважаван
      Uvazhavan
      Respected
    • Подражавам
      Podrazhavam
      Imitate
    • Празнична програма
      Praznichna programa
      Festive program
    • Панихида
      Panihida
      Mass for the dead
    • Последовател
      Posledovatel
      Follower

    To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, check out our Revival Leaders’ Day vocabulary list! Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation, alongside a relevant image.

    Final Thoughts

    Man Scratching Head

    We hope you enjoyed learning a little bit about Revival Leaders’ Day with us, and that you took away some valuable information!

    Does your country have a holiday for honoring important historical figures? Let us know in the comments!

    Learning about a country’s culture may be the funnest part of trying to master a language. At BulgarianPod101.com, we have fun and effective lessons on many aspects of Bulgaria and its people. For further learning, you may want to check out one of the following pages:

    Learning a new language is no easy feat, but practice and consistency are key. At BulgarianPod101, we believe that you really can master the language, and we’ll be here with help and encouragement on every step of your language-learning journey!

    Happy learning!

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