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Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

12 Entries • 3 Comments
Bulgarian: Най-популярните 10 модела на изречения за начинаещи
Romanization:Nay-populyarnite 10 modela na izrecheniya za nachinaeshti
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners
In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Bulgarian Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Bulgarian vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Bulgarian sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Bulgarian to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Bulgarian sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: Говорите ли [A(adjective)]?
- Romanization: Govorite li [A(adjective)]?
- English: Can you speak [A(adjective)]?

■ Example

- Entry: Говорите ли английски?
- Romanization: Govorite li angliyski?
- English: Can you speak English?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: Колко струва [A(personal demonstrative pronoun)] [B(noun)]?
- Romanization: Kolko struva [A(personal demonstrative pronoun)] [B(noun)]?
- English: How much does [A(personal demonstrative pronoun)] [B(noun)] cost?

■ Example

- Entry: Колко струва тази кола?
- Romanization: Kolko struva tazi kola?
- English: How much does this car cost?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: Къде е [A(noun in definite form)]?
- Romanization: Kade e [A(noun in definite form)]?
- English: Where is [A(noun in definite form)]?

■ Example

- Entry: Къде е спирката?
- Romanization: Kade e spirkata?
- English: Where is the bus station?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun in definite form)] [B(verb "to be")] [C(adjective)].
- Romanization: [A(noun in definite form)] [B(verb "to be")] [C(adjective)].
- English: [A(noun in definite form)] [B(verb "to be")] [C(adjective)].

■ Example

- Entry: Картофките са горещи.
- Romanization: Kartofkite sa goreshti.
- English: The French fries are hot.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: Може ли да [A(verb)] [B(noun)]?
- Romanization: Mozhe li da [A(verb)] [B(noun)]?
- English: Can we [A(verb)] [B(noun)]?

■ Example

- Entry: Може ли да поискаме сметката?
- Romanization: Mozhe li da poiskame smetkata?
- English: Can we ask for the bill?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] не [B(verb)] [C(noun)].
- Romanization: [A(noun)] ne [B(verb)] [C(noun)].
- English: [A(noun)] don't [B(verb)] [C(noun)].

■ Example

- Entry: Тя не харесва балет.
- Romanization: Tya ne haresva balet.
- English: She does not like ballet.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] [B(verb)] да [C(verb)] [D(noun)] .
- Romanization: [A(noun)] [B(verb)] da [C(verb)] [D(noun)] .
- English: [A(noun)] [B(verb)] (to) [C(verb)] [D(noun)] .

■ Example

- Entry: Аз бих желала да наема кола.
- Romanization: Az bih zhelala da naema kola.
- English: I would like to rent a car.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: Какво има [A(preposition)] [B(noun in definite form)]?
- Romanization: Kakvo ima [A(preposition)] [B(noun in definite form)]?
- English: What is there [A(preposition)] [B((noun in definite form)]?

■ Example

- Entry: Какво има на масата?
- Romanization: Kakvo ima na masata?
- English: What is there on the table?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(question word)] трябва да [B(verb)] [C(noun)].
- Romanization: [A(question word)] tryabva da [B(verb)] [C(noun)].
- English: [A(question word)] have to [B(verb)] [C(noun)].

■ Example

- Entry: Къде трябва да отидат те?
- Romanization: Kade tryabva da otidat te?
- English: Where do they have to go?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] се [B(verb)] [C(noun)].
- Romanization: [A(noun)] se [B(verb)] [C(noun)].
- English: [A(noun)] [B(verb)] (myself) [C(noun)].

■ Example

- Entry: Той се гмурна в морето.
- Romanization: Toy se gmurna v moreto.
- English: He dived (himself) in the sea.
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avatar Tuesday at 10:33 am

Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

avatar Monday at 4:40 am

Hi Jon,
when you order coffee in Bulgarian, you have a few different ways to say “Can I have a coffee, please.”

Едно кафе, моля. / A coffee, please.
Може ли едно кафе, моля? / Can I have a coffee, please. (In Bulgarian, we do “order” stuff, or “take” it, instead of “have” it😄
Може ли да поръчам едно кафе, моля? / Can I order a coffee, please.
За мен едно кафе, моля. / A coffee for me, please.
Ще взема едно кафе, моля. / I will take a coffee, please.
Желая да поръчам едно кафе, моля. / I would like to order a coffee, please.

Best regards,
Tina Team

avatar Jon Tuesday at 2:44 am

Може ли да имам кафе (моля).