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Bulgarian Grammar

Grammar is often one of the main obstacles when people are learning a new language, but it doesn’t have to be quite so much of a pain! Bulgarian grammar may have some differences, but that doesn’t mean that it is going to be impossible to learn. It will not take months of memorization to be able to understand the basics of the grammar. In fact, many are able to have a good grasp of the Bulgarian language within just a week or so.

The grammar has quite a few similarities to English, although you will find some differences that stand out from the pack. These are the basics that you will want to know, but you do not have to go overboard with all of the grammar rules. When you add too many complex rules in the early days of learning a language, it becomes unnecessarily complex. In the beginning, learning to speak and write Bulgarian should be simple.

Verbs and the Basics of Grammar

Bulgarian verbs have many different forms, and they can carry quite a bit of meaning with them. Verbs in the language have two meanings – time and person. The verbs can have past, present, and future tense, relating to time. The person aspect refers to who is speaking and to whom the person is speaking. The Bulgarian language express meanings by changing verbs in patterns, and this is similar to English. Some examples could include “I am sad,” “I was sad,” and “I will be sad”, which refer to a person as well as present, past, and future. The verb usage will change based on person, number gender, tense, mood, and more.


In the Bulgarian language, gender refers to more than just people. The word Jena means woman and is feminine. However, so is masa, which means table, and zemya, which means earth. Different words can be either masculine or feminine, and this does have some similarities to English. Gender is important in the language, and all types of objects have a gender.


When you make a work plural, all of the other words in the sentence will have to agree with the change. Meaning, you will have different words and word usages in your sentences when you are speaking about plurals. This includes the gender of the word, which can be tricky. With a little bit of practice though, you will be able to understand it!