Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jonathan: Top 25 Bulgarian Questions You Need to Know - Lesson 4: What do you do? in Bulgarian. In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Bulgarian learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Jonathan: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question ""What do you do?"" In Bulgarian this is
Iva: С какво се занимаваш?
Jonathan: The first word in the question is
Iva: с
Jonathan: meaning “with" in English.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) с
Jonathan: Listen again and repeat.
Iva: с
{Pause}
Jonathan: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Iva: какво
Jonathan: meaning what.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) какво
Jonathan: Now repeat.
Iva: какво
{Pause}
Jonathan: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Iva: с какво
{pause}
Jonathan: And next
Iva: се
Jonathan: meaning something like oneself.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) се
Jonathan: Now repeat.
Iva: се
{Pause}
Jonathan: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Iva: с какво се
{pause}
Jonathan: And after that
Iva: занимаваш
Jonathan: meaning (you) do.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) занимаваш
Jonathan: Now repeat.
Iva: занимаваш
{Pause}
Jonathan: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Iva: с какво се занимаваш
{pause}
Jonathan: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question What do you do?
Iva: Аз съм учител.
Jonathan: I'm a teacher.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Iva: (Slow) Аз съм учител.
{pause}
Jonathan: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Iva: аз
Jonathan: means I.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) аз
Jonathan: Now repeat
Iva: аз
{Pause}
Jonathan: Next is
Iva: съм
Jonathan: meaning (I) am.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) съм
Jonathan: Now repeat.
Iva: съм
{Pause}
Jonathan: Next is
Iva: учител
Jonathan: meaning teacher.
Iva: (Slow, by syllable) учител
Jonathan: Now repeat.
Iva: учител
{Pause}
Jonathan: Listen to the speaker say, I'm a teacher., and then repeat.
Iva: Аз съм учител.
{pause}
★ Note that this is how you say “I’m a teacher” if you are a male person. If you are female person, you would say:
Iva: Аз съм учителка.
Jonathan: Please repeat.
Iva: Аз съм учителка.
{pause}
Jonathan: To make another phrase, replace teacher with painter.
Iva: художник
Jonathan: painter
Iva: (slow) художник (regular) художник
Jonathan: Listen to the phrase again, this time with painter
Iva: Аз съм художник.
Jonathan: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace teacher. Say I'm a painter.
{pause}
Iva: Аз съм художник.
Jonathan: This is how you say “I’m a painter” if you are male. If you are female, you would say:
Iva: [Аз съм художничка.]
Jonathan: To make another phrase, replace painter with doctor.
Iva: лекар
Jonathan: doctor
Iva: (slow) лекар (regular) лекар
Jonathan: Listen to the phrase again, this time with doctor
Iva: Аз съм лекар.
Jonathan: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the {lang} for painter. Say I'm a doctor.
{pause}
Iva: Аз съм лекар.
Jonathan: This is how you say “I’m a doctor” if you are a male person. If you are female person, you would say:
Iva: [Аз съм лекарка.]
Jonathan: To expand on the pattern, replace doctor with athlete.
Iva: спортист
Jonathan: athlete
Iva: (slow) спортист (regular) спортист
Jonathan: Listen to the phrase again, this time with athlete
Iva: Аз съм спортист.
Jonathan: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the word for doctor. Say I'm a athlete.
{pause}
Iva: Аз съм спортист.
Jonathan: This is how you say “I’m a athlete” if you are a male person. If you are female person, you would say:
Iva: [Аз съм спортистка.]
QUIZ
Jonathan: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Bulgaria and someone asks what you do. You are a teacher. Respond to the question.
Iva: С какво се занимаваш? (five seconds) Аз съм учител. (male) [Аз съм учителка.] (female)
Jonathan: Imagine you are a painter Respond to the question.
Iva: С какво се занимаваш? (five seconds) Аз съм художник. (male) [Аз съм художничка.] (female)
Jonathan: Imagine you are a doctor. . Answer the speaker's question.
Iva: С какво се занимаваш? (five seconds) Аз съм лекар. (male) [Аз съм лекарка.] (female)
Jonathan: Imagine you're an athlete. Respond to the question.
Iva: С какво се занимаваш? (five seconds) Аз съм спортист. (male) [Аз съм спортистка.] (female)
Jonathan: Now you want to ask that person what they do. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Iva: С какво се занимаваш?

Outro

Jonathan: This is the end of Lesson 4

8 Comments

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BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Please give us your answer to the question below!

BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:50 am
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Hi Melissa,


I assume that you mean these two questions:

С какво се занимаваш? What do you do?

Какво работиш? What is your job? What do you work as?


Similar to English, What do you do? is a more the general one, while What is your job? What do you work as? is the more specific asking for professional occupation. You can use both alternately in most cases, but if the other person is actually not working at the moment, they will feel the need to specify:

Не работа в момента, студент съм (търся си работа). I am not employed at the moment, I am a student (I am job hunting.)

While if you ask С какво се занимаваш?, they might directly respond: студент съм (търся си работа).


Kind regards,

Tina

Team BulgarianPod101.com



BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:44 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ina,


please beware that some words in Bulgarian have feminine and masculine forms. This is the case with "university student", where you have студент (m) and студентска (f).


Kind regards,

Tina

Team BulgarianPod101.com

Melissa
Thursday at 11:32 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

When i initially learned bulgairan i learned the question - kakvo rabotish / kakvo rabotite, translating to what do you work as? whats the difference between these 2 questions, and when would you use each one?


thanks

BulgarianPod101.com
Sunday at 11:20 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ina,


Thank you for posting.


You can check out how to say "university student" in Bulgarian in our Bulgarian Dictionary:

https://www.BulgarianPod101.com/bulgarian-dictionary/


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team BulgarianPod101.com

Ina
Sunday at 7:11 pm
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Hi,

How can you say 'student,' as in university student?


благодаря!

BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 9:21 pm
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Hi Scarlet,


can you please be more specific and describe the issue you experience, do that I can bring it up to our content team and they help you resolve it?


Thank you.

Kind regards,

Tina

Team BulgarianPod101.com

Scarlet K
Monday at 5:04 am
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Can’t even listen to podcasts on mobile? :(