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Lesson Transcript

Здрасти, аз се казвам Ива. Hi everybody! I’m Iva.
Welcome to BulgarianPod101.com’s “Български в три минути”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Bulgarian.
In the last lesson, we learned the numbers from one to ten. Have you forgotten? Here, I'll tell you again:
Едно, две, три, четири, пет, шест, седем, осем, девет, десет!!
[C screen-ws]
And now let’s continue from eleven.
Единадесет.
[slowly] единадесет.
Дванадесет.
[slowly] дванадесет.
Тринадесет.
[slowly] тринадесет.
Четиринадесет.
[slowly] четиринадесет.
Петнадесет.
[slowly] петнадесет.
Шестнадесет.
[slowly] шестнадесет.
Седемнадесет.
[slowly] седемнадесет.
Осемнадесет.
[slowly] Осемнадесет.
Деветнадесет.
[slowly] деветнадесет.
And finally we have:
Двадесет
[slowly] двадесет.
Okay, now repeat after me. I'll say the numbers and give you time to repeat each one.
11. единадесет
12. дванадесет
13. тринадесет
14. четиринадесет
15. петнадесет
16. шестнадесет
17. седемнадесет
18. осемнадесет
19. деветнадесет
20. двадесет
These numbers may seem harder to remember, but you really just have to remember that each one ends in десет which means “ten”, as you already know.
Let’s not stop at 20! Counting from ten to one hundred is super easy! Now I'll give you the tens-
тридесет
четиридесет
петдесет
шестдесет
седемдесет
осемдесет
деветдесет
сто
While you have to memorize a few of these numbers, there are a couple of tricks that will make memorizing them incredibly easy! Notice that the numbers from 13 to 19 start with the numbers from 3 to 9, три, четири, пет, шест, седем, осем and девет. Do you remember them from our previous lesson? Then after them, we add the word на and then десет! So altogether "thirteen" is three plus на plus ten, десет. Or тринадесет.
[slowly] Тринадесет.
And the numbers from 20 to 100 are even easier. Again, we form them by simply adding the word for ten, десет. So четиридесет means “four-ten”, just the intonation changes from simply saying four and then ten. Четиридесет.
[slowly] Четиридесет.
Twelve and twenty are also similar. We don’t say the basic number two, две, but два, which is its masculine form. So “twelve” is дванадесет.
[slowly] Дванадесет.
And “twenty” is двадесет
[slowly] Двадесет.
The same thing happens to the number eleven! Instead of the simple number one, едно, we say the masculine form един, and we have единадесет.
[slowly] Единадесет.
Finally, we have the number one hundred, сто.
[slowly] Сто.
It’s an easy one, isn’t it?
How would you say “fifty-six” in Bulgarian? Let’s take it step-by-step. "Fifty" is петдесет, and then add "six", шест.
Петдесет и шест! Just add one и which means “and” and it’s done! Isn’t that easy?
Let’s make another number, for instance, "ninety-eight."
Take "ninety", деветдесет, and add "eight", осем, and don’t forget the и-
Деветдесет и осем!
And now it’s time for Iva’s Insights:
One last tricky part. In spoken language, Bulgarian people use “-йсе” or “-десе” instead of the word for ten, десет, when they pronounce the numbers from 11 to 90. For example,“единайсе” or “осемдесе" which are 11 and 80. It is easier to pronounce them this way, but the formal and written language require the full form.
So after only two lessons, you are now able to count to one hundred in Bulgarian!
In the next lesson we are going to put your number knowledge to use! Do you have all the skills you need to go shopping in Bulgaria? If not, I'll be waiting for you in our next Български в три минути lesson.
До скоро!

5 Comments

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BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 10:45 pm
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Hi,


Thank you very much for your comment. There is an interesting insight in it for specifying the gender of the nouns and I will pass it to our video team.


I would just like to mention that the focus of this basic lesson is numbers, the way we use them in math, generally speaking :) (If you would like to say 981 can be divided by 3 - деветстотин осемдесет и едно се дели на три). What you mention about numbers changing according to gender, is related to counting nouns which is covered in another lesson.


I realize that Bulgarian is difficult and at the beginning might be quite confusing, but I hope you will stay tuned and enjoy learning it with us. Any time when you have a comment or question, please do not hesitate to ask us.


Best regards,

Tina

BulgarianPod101.com Team

??? ?????? (?? ??????)
Sunday at 4:27 am
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Can you list what numbers change by gender?

are there only two forms? I ask since there are 3 genders. You only said един and два are masculine forms, but what are едно and две, feminine or neutral or both? Are there other numbers that change depending on gender and can you provide a list. Also could I ask you to state whether a noun is feminine, masculine or neutral in future or edited shows, it would make things so much easier. And show which forms there are of other words, it would make learning so much faster and easier to remember.

едно/един

две/два

BulgarianPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:28 pm
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Hi R Blake,


You can listen to them more carefully in normal and slow speed in this lesson:

https://www.bulgarianpod101.com/2012/04/23/survival-phrases-17-counting-11-to-100/


I hope it helps!

Please let us know if you have further comments!

Paloma

Team BulgarianPod101

R Blake
Friday at 5:37 am
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Its a shame that the last language tip was just added as a "throw away" comment at the end. It seems as though that is the most likely way you would hear the numbers 11-90 in real life. It would have been nice to have heard them pronounced in a bit more detail rather than a couple of quick examples. Is it possible for an extension with audio to be added to this lesson to cover this more common pronounciation?