Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Intro

Jonathan: Hello and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at BulgarianPod101.com. This is season 1, lesson 2, Introducing Yourself in Bulgarian. I’m Jonathan.
Iva: Здрасти. And I’m Iva!
Jonathan: In this lesson we are going to show you how to introduce yourself in Bulgarian.
Iva: That’s right! One of the basic things when learning new languages and meeting new people is to know how to introduce yourself.
Jonathan: So let’s get started!
Iva: We’ve chosen a conversation that happens at a party, where two people meet and introduce themselves to each other.
Jonathan: The conversation is between Petio and Tanya.The speakers don’t know each other yet, but they want to get to know each other and become friends.
Iva: So their greeting is informal, but the overall tone is still formal since they’re meeting for the first time.
Jonathan: Let’s listen to the conversation
DIALOGUES
Jonathan: Здравей, аз се казвам Петьо.
Iva: Здрасти, аз съм Таня.
Jonathan: Приятно ми е да се запознаем.
Iva: И на мен също.
Jonathan: Now let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
(slow speed)
Jonathan: Здравей, аз се казвам Петьо.
Iva: Здрасти, аз съм Таня.
Jonathan: Приятно ми е да се запознаем.
Iva: И на мен също.
Jonathan: And Now with the English translation
Iva: Здравей, аз се казвам Петьо.
Jonathan: Hello. My name is Petio.
Iva: Iva: Здрасти, аз съм Таня.
Jonathan: Hi. I'm Tanya.
Iva: Jonathan: Приятно ми е да се запознаем.
Jonathan: Pleasure to meet you.
Iva: Iva: И на мен също.
Jonathan: You too.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jonathan: So Iva, what are some important things the listeners should know about introductions in Bulgaria?
Iva: Well, in formal situations, Bulgarians usually introduce themselves with both given name and family name (in this order).
Jonathan: And in business environment people will usually address each other with their family names, right?
Iva: That’s right. But when you meet Bulgarian friends, you should use the given name and the second person singular verb form, because that’s how it goes with informal cases.
Jonathan: It’s very common for people to introduce themselves using the formal version of self introduction in the plural. After a while, when they feel they know you more, they will switch to the second person singular and use your first name.
Iva: Usually, they will ask if it’s OK to speak using informal language.
Jonathan: OK, that’s important information for our listeners. Anything else?
Iva: One more thing. Bulgarians cherish personal names very much and have celebrations called Name days, which cover most of the popular names, throughout the year.
Jonathan: Actually I know that these dates are holidays corresponding to the Orthodox Christian Church Calendar.
Iva: Yes, and they match the names of different Christian saints like St. Nicolas, for example.
Jonathan: Okay, and with that, on to the vocab!
VOCAB
Jonathan: Now let’s take a look at the vocabulary in this lesson. The first word we shall see is...
Iva: Здравей
Jonathan: Hello
Iva: Здравей (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: Здравей
Jonathan: And next.
Iva: аз
Jonathan: I
Iva: аз (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: аз
Jonathan: And then.
Iva: Казвам се
Jonathan: My name is
Iva: Казвам се (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: Казвам се
Jonathan: And next.
Iva: Здрасти
Jonathan: Hi
Iva: Здрасти (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: Здрасти
Jonathan: Next is.
Iva: Приятно ми е
Jonathan: Pleasure to meet you
Iva: Приятно ми е (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: Приятно ми е
Jonathan: Then is.
Iva: Запознавам се
Jonathan: Introduce myself
Iva: Запознавам се (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: Запознавам се
Jonathan: Next is.
Iva: И на мен също
Jonathan: For me too
Iva: И на мен също (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: И на мен също
Jonathan: And then.
Iva: съм
Jonathan: (I) am
Iva: съм (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva: съм
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Jonathan: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Iva: This time we have several phrases which are commonly used, so listen carefully and try to remember their usage!
Jonathan: The first one is…
Iva: "Приятно ми е да се запознаем."
Jonathan: This is a common expression used when people introduce themselves.
Iva: It means "It is a pleasure to meet you", just like in English.
Jonathan: And just like in English it is followed by “It’s a pleasure to meet you too.”
Iva: Yes, the longer version is “И на мен ми е много приятно”.
Jonathan: And the shorter one?
Iva: Just say “И на мен също” or “И на мен” and you’re done.
Jonathan: Great. But before saying this, you should say “Hi”, right?
Iva: Of course, in Bulgarian the simple “Hi/Hello” is “Здравей”.
Jonathan: And this is the informal one.
Iva: There is one more, even shorter and more informal, used just among friends “Здрасти”.
Jonathan: Ok, so how can we say “Hello” in formal cases?
Iva: “Здравейте” is your best option when you don’t have to think about what time of the day it is, and you are in a formal situation.
Jonathan: So do we have any other phrases to cover?
Iva: Yes, the phrase you use to say “Me too”.
Jonathan: That’s right! The one that you use when you reply to “Nice to meet you”.
Iva: “И на мен също” means literally “For me too”.
Jonathan: Just remember that this is the full version of the phrase.
Iva: Actually, you can say only the short one "too" “И на мен”.
Jonathan: But it is better to remember the full one because you will hear this one a lot.
Iva: Sometimes Bulgarians say “И на мене също”.
Jonathan: What’s the difference?
Iva: The pronoun “мене" has the same meaning “for me” or “to me” but the form is considered to be incorrect.
Jonathan: So, to recap..
Iva: Just remember the official one “И на мен също”. And the shortened version is “И на мен”.
Jonathan: OK, I think that’s enough vocab for this lesson, let’s go onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Jonathan: The focus of this lesson is how to introduce yourself by saying your name in Bulgarian.
Iva: Yes, that is your first task when you are in a foreign country!
Jonathan: So, “My name is....” in Bulgarian is…
Iva: “Казвам се (…).”
Jonathan: Can you tell us more about how to construct this phrase?
Iva: Certainly. As you can see in the dialogue, you can form the phrase by using the pronoun “I”, then the Bulgarian verb meaning “call myself” and of course your name.
Jonathan: And in Bulgarian…?
Iva: “Аз се казвам... Iva”. You know that!
Jonathan: Okay, Iva. But you can skip the pronoun, right?
Iva: Yes, because the verb form indicates that the whole sentence is in the first person singular.
Jonathan: So, to summarize the different levels of complexity in this phrase, can you tell us again how the full phrase is?
Iva: Yes. It is “Аз се казвам Iva.”
Jonathan: This sounds very serious.
Iva: It is. Actually it sounds as if you are writing your autobiography or something!
Jonathan: But it works fine if you want to be polite when necessary.
Iva: Exactly. The next one is maybe the most common one, “Казвам се Iva”.
Jonathan: Notice that here not only the pronoun is missing, but the verb form seems to have changed too.
Iva: It is a very natural way to switch the verb form in Bulgarian. Just remember it like this.
Jonathan: And the simpler ones?
Iva: “Аз съм Iva” and “Iva съм”. Again we have the switching of the verb at the beginning and at the end.
Jonathan: Yep, “Iva съм” sounds very brief.
Iva: Actually in some formal situation where people are too busy they just say their family names without any verb in the phrase.
Jonathan: Oh, that’s easy!
Iva: Yes, but try to use some of the examples we mentioned here.
Jonathan: So why don’t you give us some more examples so that the listeners can remember the important points, especially this change in the verb forms.
Iva: Okay. Give me an example sentence in English.
Jonathan: I have one! How do you ask “What is your name?”
Iva: Hmm, easy one. “Как се казваш?” if you are asking a friend because it is in the informal speech pattern.
Jonathan: How about “What is your father’s name?”
Iva: “Как се казва баща ти?”

Outro

Jonathan: OK. I think that's all for this lesson.
Iva: Listeners, check the lesson notes, and practice these expressions. See you next time!
Jonathan: Until next time, thanks everyone!
Iva: Chao-chao!

40 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

BulgarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Could you introduce yourself in Bulgarian here?

BulgarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:45 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Здравей, Камила, добре дошла!

Hi Kamila, welcome!


We are glad to have you in our learners community. We hope you'll enjoy our learning tracks.


Kind regards,

Tina

Team BulgarianPod101.com

камила
Sunday at 06:30 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

здравей! аз се казвам камила, приятно ми е да се запознаем.

BulgarianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 07:10 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Здравей, Кейт,


приятно ми е да се запознаем. Аз съм Тина.


Hi Keith,

It is a pleasure to meet you here.

the closest way to write your name in Bulgarian would be Кейт, the same way as Kate. The challenge is that we do not we do not have any close equivalent for the sound for "th".


Kind regards,

Tina

Team BulgarianPod101.com

Keith
Monday at 08:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Добро утро, здравей Запознавам се, Казвам се Кеитх. Приятно ми е.

Keith
Monday at 01:25 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Добре ден. Казвам се Кеитх.


Hello, My name is Keith... Wondering if my first name translates into Bulgarian as Кеитх?

BulgarianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:22 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Peter,


Thank you for your message!


If the audio lesson speed is too fast, you can adjust it by clicking on the ‘1x’ button next to the volume control icon (you can choose either 0.75x or 0.5x to slow it down).


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team BulgarianPod101.com

Peter
Tuesday at 07:48 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Could you please allow us slow down the word in Bulgarian, it is harder to learn a word when it is spoken at normal speed in Bulgarian.

Mihai
Friday at 05:51 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Добър вечер на всички!

BulgarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Здравей, Кристина!


Аз се казвам Тина, приятно ми е да се запознаем.

Hi, I am Tina, it's nice to meet you. Welcome to the Bulgarian learners community. I hope you will enjoy your learning journey and have fun a long the way :)


Kind regards,

Tina, BulgarianPod101.com Team

Christina A.
Saturday at 02:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

здрасти! аз зе казвам кристина!