Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Jonathan:
Hello and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at BulgarianPod101.com. This is season 1, lesson 1, First Encounters in Bulgarian. I’m Jonathan.
Iva:
And I’m Iva!
Jonathan:
Together we will guide you through the first steps in Bulgarian.
Iva:
That’s right. So get ready and … enjoy!
Jonathan:
Yes, because it is fun to learn Bulgarian.
Iva:
And we’re here to make your absolute beginner experience easy and productive! Okay, Jonathan, what do we have first?
Jonathan:
In this lesson you'll learn how to say "hello" in Bulgarian in the daytime.
Iva:
This conversation takes place on the street.
Jonathan:
The conversation is between two people.
Iva:
The speakers know each other but their relationship is formal, so they’ll be speaking formal Bulgarian.
Jonathan:
Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUES
[during the day]
Jonathan:
Добър ден.
Iva:
Добър ден.
Jonathan:
Как сте?
Iva:
Добре съм, благодаря.
Jonathan:
Now let’s hear the conversation one time slowly. (slow speed, broken down by syllable)
[during the day]
Jonathan:
Добър ден.
Iva:
Добър ден.
Jonathan:
Как сте?
Iva:
Добре съм, благодаря.
Jonathan:
And Now with the English translation.
Iva:
Добър ден.
Jonathan:
Hello.
Iva:
Добър ден.
Jonathan:
Hello.
Iva:
Как сте?
Jonathan:
How are you?
Iva:
Добре съм, благодаря.
Jonathan:
Fine, thanks.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jonathan:
OK, so now it is time for some more information about Bulgarian culture.
Iva:
Yes. Bulgarians like to greet each other on the street when they are close acquaintances or friends.
Jonathan:
It is also a very typical thing to see in the countryside, right Iva?
Iva:
Yep! People would stop by to talk to their friends and ask them how they feel, or just to say politely hello and have short conversation.
Jonathan:
So what would you say in this situation?
Iva:
In this case we usually use the expression “Как сте?/Как си?”.
Jonathan:
Remember that when talking to elderly people, it is considered polite to use the second person plural form of the phrase.
Iva:
...and other phrases like “Добър ден” and “благодаря” instead of their informal versions “Здравей/Здрасти” and “мерси”.
Jonathan:
In our formal situation the speakers use the second person plural to express their respect for each other. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB
Jonathan:
Now let’s take a look at the vocabulary in this lesson. The first word we shall see is...
Iva:
Добър ден
Jonathan:
Hello
Iva:
Добър ден (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
Добър ден
Iva:
Как сте
Jonathan:
How are you?
Iva:
Как сте (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
Как сте
Iva:
Добре съм
Jonathan:
I’m fine
Iva:
Добре съм (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
Добре съм
Iva:
Благодаря
Jonathan:
Thank you
Iva:
Благодаря (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
Благодаря
Iva:
съм
Jonathan:
I am
Iva:
съм (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
съм
Iva:
добре
Jonathan:
fine
Iva:
добре (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
добре
Iva:
как
Jonathan:
how
Iva:
как (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
как
Iva:
ден
Jonathan:
day
Iva:
ден (slow, broken down by syllable)
Iva:
ден
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Jonathan:
Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Iva:
Yes, in addition to their meaning, we will explain some information about their forms and usage.
Jonathan:
The first word from this dialogue is…
Iva:
"Добър ден"!
Jonathan:
This is one of the most important phrases in Bulgarian.
Iva:
Yes, you will hear this every day.
Jonathan:
It can be used both with people you know or people you are meeting for the first time.
Iva:
Literally it means "Good day" so that’s why it’s used in the daytime.
Jonathan:
There are other expressions used to greet people in the morning and in the evening...
Iva:
But for now, just remember “Добър ден”.
Jonathan:
It’s the most common way to greet people in Bulgaria. What’s next, Iva?
Iva:
“Добре съм” which means “I am fine” or "I am well".
Jonathan:
This phrase naturally follows the question “How are you” in Bulgarian.
Iva:
In Bulgarian, “how are you” is “Как сте?” for the formal and “Как си?” for the informal question. Как сте? for formal and Как си? for informal.
Jonathan:
Ok, so make sure you listen out for this question! Can you tell us more about the phrase “I am fine”?
Iva:
The adverb "добре" means “fine”, “well”, “OK” and sometimes can be the only answer to the question “How are you?”.
Jonathan:
So how does that sound?
Iva:
For example, you answer the informal question “Как си?” with just one word- “Добре!”
Jonathan:
It can be used among friends, right?
Iva:
Yes, it can be used in conversation as an affirmative “OK”, like in English.
Jonathan:
That’s right! And the last one we’ll talk about is…
Iva:
“Благодаря” meaning “thank you”.
Jonathan:
Another very useful Bulgarian word!
Iva:
Indeed, do not forget to use it often.
Jonathan:
Yes, it will help you in so many ways.
Iva:
Bulgarians never forget to say “Thank you.”
Jonathan:
And this one is mostly used in formal speech but can be used in the informal too.
Iva:
That’s right. Its informal substitute is “Мерси”.
Jonathan:
Oh, that sounds familiar!
Iva:
I know, but we are going to talk about it in detail in our next lesson!
Jonathan:
Ok, let’s move on to the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Jonathan:
The focus of this lesson is how to greet people in the daytime in Bulgaria.
Iva:
And ask them how they are feeling.
Jonathan:
Yes, so “How are you” in Bulgarian is…
Iva:
“Как сте?”
Jonathan:
"How are you" or "How you are feeling"? There are several phrases used to ask how someone is feeling in Bulgarian, just as in English.
Iva:
But let's just focus on the usage of “Как сте” in this lesson.
Jonathan:
Okay, (name). Give us an example.
Iva:
Here it is – “Как сте днес?” It means...
Jonathan:
How are you today?
Iva:
And it is formal.
Jonathan:
Because the verb is in its polite form.
Iva:
“Как си, мило?”
Jonathan:
Means “How are you, dear?” There's no difference in the meaning of the phrase. Just remember that the verb changes its form from “сте” to “си”.
Iva:
The first one “сте” is the second person plural and the second one, “си” is the second person singular of the auxiliary verb.
Jonathan:
OK. Here's a question for you. If you were visiting a friend in the hospital after he’d had an accident, what would you say?
Iva:
“Как си след злополуката?”
Jonathan:
Which means “How are you after the accident?”
Iva:
I hope I won’t have to ask any of my friends this question though!
Jonathan:
OK, OK, sorry! Next you'll learn how to ask how someone is (feeling) in a formal situation. Let’s say you are asking Mr. Petrov.
Iva:
That will be “Как сте, господин Петров?” It is formed using a phrase you already know plus the name of the person.
Jonathan:
It means “How are you, Mr. Petrov?” right?
Iva:
Yes, Petrov is one of the common family names in Bulgarian.
Jonathan:
So what is the usual way to reply to this question?
Iva:
Quite often the answer is “Добре съм”. x2
Jonathan:
It used in the same way as the English because it means “I’m fine/I’m OK.”
Iva:
Still, when the partner in the conversation is not feeling well other expressions can be used to replace the otherwise typical answer “Добре съм.”
Jonathan:
Can you just mention some of them?
Iva:
“Горе-долу”, meaning “So-so.”
Jonathan:
In that case the verb can be omitted.
Iva:
Yes, that’s right.
Jonathan:
Let's recap this lesson. You want ask someone “How he/she is?” What would you say?
Iva:
If he or she is your friend?
Jonathan:
Yes.
Iva:
“Как си?”
Jonathan:
And how about if this is your boss, for example.
Iva:
“Как сте?”

Outro

Jonathan:
OK. That's all for this lesson. In the lesson notes, you can find more details about this expression. So be sure to read them.
Iva:
Yes, please! OK, see you next time!
Jonathan:
Bye everyone!

58 Comments

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BulgarianPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone,

How are you doing today? Could you answer the question in Bulgarian?

Friday at 4:19 am
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Здравей, Уенди,

благодаря, и аз съм добре😉

We hope you will enjoy the other lessons in the series as well. If you have any questions, just let us know, we’ll be happy to assist you in this new learning journey.

Best regards,
Tina
BulgarianPod101.com Team

уенди
Thursday at 8:12 am
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добре съм. А ти?

Friday at 10:42 pm
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Hi Fatmagul,

thank you for the note. You can just easily continue the conversation by asking the short question: А ти? / And you?😄 We hope you will fine the following lessons in the series fun and useful.

Best regards,
Tina
BulgarianPod101.com Team

Fatmagul
Tuesday at 4:41 am
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Hi! Zdrasti. Az sim dobre. 😄

Thursday at 10:41 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Fi,

Thank you for posting.
Have you tried downloading the PDF files by accessing the site through a different browser?

I could download both Lesson Notes and Lesson Transcripts by using Google Chrome.
If you tried and still experience the problem, please send us an email to contactus@BulgarianPod101.com

Sincerely,
Lena
Team BulgarianPod101.com

Thursday at 10:40 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Cotr,

Thank you for posting!
We are glad to hear that you are enjoying learning with BulgarianPod101.com!

Let us know if you have any question.
Cheers,
Lena
Team BulgarianPod101.com

Fi
Wednesday at 11:47 pm
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Hi, the download link for the lesson notes now takes me to the home page and not the lesson notes! Is anyone else having the same problem?

Thanks

Cotr
Tuesday at 11:32 pm
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добър ден!

When i change my keyboard from english to bulgarian i just realize that writing in bulgarian is so easy😄 Lessons look good for now, i hope i can go from beginner to advance.

Thank you

Wednesday at 4:58 pm
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Hi Barbara,

Thank you for your comment. Although I am a native Bulgarian, I still do not have an answer to your question😄 Possibly, you notice this pleased reaction because people are happy to acknowledge the efforts put in to learn the simple phrases, they recognize that the Bulgarian pronunciation is sometimes challenging, and also naturally want to motivate you to go on. These would be the reasons why I might react in this way.

I hope you will have lots of opportunities to practice these new skills😄
All the best,
Tina
BulgarianPod101.com Team

Barbara
Friday at 7:27 pm
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😄Blagodarya. The lesson is very detailed which is very important for beginners like me! Bulgarian people I know react with a bit of shock and also with great appreciation when a non-Bulgarian says simple phrases in a polite way in Bulgarian.
I´m not sure why! Thank you again!